Stand for a drill with their own hands: 3 design options
Here is how to make a budget drill stand at home by yourself. Here are 3 different variants.
This device will come in handy for home craftsmen who can not afford to buy a drilling machine.
At the same time, in some cases, the stand wins due to its compactness and mobility.
If you make a rack of small size, which does not require installation on the desktop, it can be easily transported by car (to take with you on field work).
To make a stand for a drill with your own hands, we will use inexpensive and affordable materials. And the stand can be used not only for a drill, but also for an electric screwdriver.
The purpose of the homemade stand is the same as that of a drilling machine. vertical drilling holes at an angle of 90 degrees relative to the workpiece.
With an electric drill or an electric screwdriver it is not always possible to drill perfectly flat holes. Self-made stand (even the simplest design) can easily solve this problem.
Of course, the stand for an electric drill can be bought in a construction store or ordered over the Internet. But if your goal is to save money, it will be more profitable to make it with your own hands.
Advantages and disadvantages of a homemade rack
Self-made drill stand has a number of advantages, the most significant of which should include the following:
- Making such a machine tool for drilling is much cheaper than buying a serial model of such a device;
- to make such a tripod for a drill can be made of improvised means, using components from old and unused equipment, which can always be found in any garage or home workshop;
- drawings of such devices of various designs and even video instructions on how to make them are in the public domain, it will not be difficult to find them;
- If desired, you can always create a machine from a drill of your own design, which by its characteristics and ease of use will be superior to all available models.
The simplest factory rack made in China you can buy very inexpensive (from 1200), but its functionality and quality will not satisfy all masters. too often there are complaints about the substantial backlash in the budget models
But, of course, the self-made device for fixing the drill has its own disadvantages, which should include the following:
- In order to produce some parts of such racks, the use of lathes, welding and other equipment is required, which, of course, increases their cost;
- Due to the fact that the structural elements of such devices for drilling are fitted not too qualitatively, they often have a backlash, and this negatively affects the accuracy and quality of processing performed with their help;
- Homemade stand for a drill is quite limited in its functionality, with its help, for example, it is impossible to perform holes located at an angle.
Making a machine from profile pipes
Many people make products for fixing the drill from profile pipes. Such designs are characterized by increased reliability and durability. They can withstand even the largest power drills.
The products are made of profile tubes in the same way as steel constructions. The only difference is that it is not necessary to use metal sheets as a base. Wood is also suitable for the base. However, it must be strong enough to withstand the loads.
Give it a second life and you’ll enjoy the results every time you pick it up.
In order to restore a hand drill, you do not need special skills. Perform all the steps of the work thoroughly enough, point by point:
Unscrew all the screw connections of the drill. Remove the handle and both lids. If there are difficulties in unscrewing the screws, use any rust dissolver of the spray type. Remove all cotter pins, freeing the gears. Remove the shafts of fast and slow rotation. Remove the stop, spindle, handle, drill chuck. Carefully remove the bearing so that the metal balls contained inside do not crumble. Lay out all the parts and screws on the work table. Using a cloth moistened with a special corrosion-resistant composition, wipe each component of the tool. Remove old oil from the pinion and from inside the case. If necessary, use a metal brush. It’s time for “water procedures”. we carefully put all the parts of the drill (except for the wooden part of the handle) into a container with a rust-neutralizer, such as VSN-1, for example. Let it sit for a couple of hours. Take out all the parts from the container, and carefully clean with a plastic brush with a lint on all sides of each part from the remnants of rust. Do not forget about the screws, they also should not escape from the hand of the “restorer” When you are satisfied that the rust is over, start removing the remains of paint. For this you will need a gel for removing paint coatings. Apply this gel with a brush to all parts where it is necessary to remove the remains of the paint coating. Remove the remaining paint with a wire brush or spatula (in hard to reach places). Polish the surface of the lids, body and handle with a drill and felt tip. If necessary, dress the surface of the covers with a hammer. Begin preparing for the paint job. Cover the holes from the covers on the housing with masking tape and put paper plugs inside the holes for the screws. Separately hang the body, handle, covers, and stop, and spray each part with spray putty on all sides. Wait until it dries. Sand each part with sandpaper and spray paint again with spray paint
Do this carefully and at a distance, so that there are no leaks. Sand and varnish the wooden part of the handle as well, or you can make a new one on a lathe. Proceed to assembly. Lubricate the ball bearing with a special graphite grease
Install it. Fasten the small and large gears to the shafts with the appropriate cotter pins. Reinstall the drill chuck and stop. Lubricate all the gears with a special graphite paste and close the housing with covers on both sides. Screw in the screws. Screw the handle with the wooden part to the housing. Done! An old tool is transformed and pleases its owner!
The manual drill can remain not only a reliable assistant to the home handyman, but also become source of technical innovations. For creativity is inherent in every craftsman!
Features of manufacturing when using a screwdriver
The process of manufacturing a drilling machine with a screwdriver is exactly the same as with an electric drill.
The use of the power supply and the possibility of connecting it to 220 volts “gives” a screwdriver a second life
The screwdriver may be unused in the event of a battery failure, so the best solution for resuming operation would be to create with its use a drilling machine, and to connect to the electrical grid. an adapter that provides 220 volts. The main nuances in creating such a construction are the following points:
- The power of the assembled power supply circuit (adapter) must match the power of the screwdriver;
- Due to the fact that the screwdrivers are produced with low electric power, you should not expect that with their use it will be possible to work on solid products and in intensive mode.
How to choose a material?
The choice of material for the stand is determined by the further functions of the resulting machine. If with its help it is planned only to drill, then it is allowed to assemble the construction from ordinary wooden bars. If the stand should turn out more mobile and functional, then it is worth to make some parts from steel. The base for the drill is traditionally made of either a wooden sheet with a thickness greater than twenty millimeters, or a metal plate with a thickness of at least ten millimeters. The specific choice of material and its thickness should depend on the power of the drill used. In addition, it can be reinforced with an additional layer of plywood of the required size. so the surface will be perfectly flat and more convenient for operation.
The stand, on which the drill itself will be placed, is also made of either metal or wood board. In addition to the guide rails, a clamp must be created on it to hold the drilling tool. The carriage, again, can be realized in wood or metal.
Such a system is usually equipped with both a suitable frame and a stand, and even a control mechanism equipped with a handle. The drill in this case will move by means of the handle of the enlarger, which should be rotated. Before use, it will only be necessary to remove the tank with the bulb and lenses and install a drill clamp on the vacant space.
In addition, you can create a machine from the steering rack. In this case, the part is usually taken from the cars of domestic automobile industry, for example, VAZ, Tavria or Moskvich, and serves as a rack and lifting mechanism. You will need to make the base yourself. The advantages of manual construction are low price and availability of materials, which can be purchased at factories or even found on their own among the waste. previously used parts are not a problem. Among the disadvantages of such a specific machine are its unpresentable appearance, as well as not very outstanding accuracy.
By the way, for the manufacture of homemade machine tool is an important rule: the more powerful drill, which is meant to be used, the stronger should be all auxiliary structure. In the situation where the stand is made of wood, you should understand that this material is quite weak, capable of deteriorating with changes in humidity in the room, as well as often subject to the appearance of backlash
Accessories for additional functions
To use the drill stand as a milling machine, you must use the horizontal version of the bed presented in the previous paragraph. To such a machine you need to add a rotating plate. This is where the tool will be located. Then a hole is made in the stand, in which the drill carriage will be inserted.
Next, on the rotating plate drill holes at the most popular inclinations. Connect the rotating plate and the stand exactly along the holes. Bolts are used for the connection. Also on the stand you must make three holes into which pins will be inserted to mount the rotating plate.
To use such a machine, turn the plate to the desired position, secure it with pins and start work.
The self-design of the installation allows you to provide additional design elements that expand the functionality of the product and simplify technological operations. You can add a rotary plate, vertical level, coordinate table, electric drive, and much more to your self-made machine.
Swivel plate allows you to make holes located at an angle. To do this, holes are drilled on the bed along the arc for common angles. The drill in the working position is secured with pins. The coordinate table is used for milling surfaces and grooving. It consists of two mutually perpendicular screw jacks welded together.
The rotation of the lower screw moves the table top with the workpiece, the upper screw moves only the workpiece. With such a device increases the accuracy of work, the main thing is to weld the moving elements without distortion.