What is the difference between an impact drill and a regular drill

Portal about the construction and repair of Stroy-benefit opens a new series of articles. for all who set up for serious repair in your home.

We want you to prepare for repair correctly. buy the tools and materials which are REALLY needed. It is for you that we open this series of articles.

The first articles we will devote to power tools, and we’ll begin with the one that you can’t do without. with a drill.

The possibilities of modern models have long since gone beyond trivial drilling. with their help it is possible not only to make holes, but also to grind surfaces, screw self-tapping screws and screws, stir mortars, etc.д.

An ordinary drill (hammerless) allows you to drill holes in materials that are not very strong, such as wood, plywood, and plastic.

The impact drill is designed for holes in wood and metal. It operates in two modes: drilling and drilling with impact, which can partially replace a torch.

The mixer drill is a combination tool with an increased rotational speed. Such drills are not only used for drilling, but also for mixing viscous construction mixtures, mortars, paint, etc.п.

The mixer is more powerful than an ordinary drill and has a particularly robust gearbox. Its main feature is a high torque, which, however, weighs down the design. This tool is sure to come in handy for large-scale repair and finishing work.

An electronic impact drill is different from a regular drill in that it can be used to turn screws, self-tapping screws and nails in and out by adjusting the tightening torque.

This tool is most widely used by furniture assemblers. it is simply indispensable for the assembly of furniture sets. In the home it is used when you want to screw something, for example, to fix steel profiles to the rails (wood or metal), drywall, profiled sheeting, etc.д.

The conventional drill is small and lightweight, due to the lack of an impact mechanism. This is also the reason why it is more accurate.

Impact drills are characterized by the fact that they move, in addition to a rotary motion, also in a forward-backward motion.

An impact drill is necessary for drilling in tough materials like brick and concrete. And the impact function can be switched off, making the tool more versatile.

The fundamental difference between a regular and a drill with impact function is that, apart from regular drilling, you can use it to make notches. cable ducts, sockets for switches, socket outlets, etc.д. This is why this tool is often referred to as a rotary drill.

In front of you. a large catalog of impact drills:

If you are going to order a repair drill, have a look at this catalog. it’s always low priced.

An impact drill is often called a rotary tool, but they are fundamentally different. Of course, if you need to make a few holes in the wall during your renovation, a hammer drill is just what you need. But when you have a bigger job to do, it’s a bit of a mouthful. Why?

The point is that in a drill, the impact function is realized by two pinions. The core drill has a special built-in electro-pneumatic or electro-mechanical mechanism: the electric motor creates through the drive a reciprocating movement of the piston that drives the working piston. This piston strikes the auger. Therefore, the impact is transmitted with more force and the pneumatics reduce the vibration.

In other words, the main difference between these two tools is in the basic function: a drill is a drill, and a hammer is a blow. The possibilities of an impact drill are limited to bricks and normal concrete, while a peorator easily chisels reinforced concrete and natural stone.

There are three types of drill cartridges:

  • Cam. the drill bit is clamped with a special wrench, which is considered the traditional and more reliable method. Such fastening is installed mainly on impact drills and powerful rotary drills, designed for work in hard conditions.
  • Quick-clamping. the drill is fastened without a wrench. The chuck itself, in turn, is divided into two subspecies: single and double sleeve. The latter differs in the presence of two rotating rings: one clamps the drill, the second. loosens, while the single-casing has these functions performed only by one ring. In the first case, to change the drill bit, you must hold the sleeve with one hand, and with the other hand to screw in the second sleeve. In the single-casing one-handed drill bit, this process is carried out with one hand. The drawback is the low reliability of the drill mount, especially on an impact drill.
  • Collet SDS chuck. to change the drill bit, you just need to turn the chuck. SDS abbreviation in German sounds like “Steck. Dreh. Sitzt”, which means “insert, turn, fixed”: drill bit shank is inserted into chuck and after turning it is fixed by stop balls.

In the next article we will tell you in more detail about drills.

What is a drill, what kind of work the tool performs

Power drill, or electric drill, is a tool of domestic and industrial use for drilling holes in various materials: wood, metal, stone, plastic and others. The tool acquires new abilities if you use special attachments: grinding discs, polishing discs, abrasive brushes.

The minimum and maximum diameters of the domestic power drills available on the market are 1.5-14 mm, this diameter is determined by the width of the chuck jaws. If you need to drill larger holes, there are drill bits with a slim shank (10 mm) that can be fitted in a standard chuck. When using these drills, keep in mind that the drill motor is overloaded. Do not overheat the motor.

How a drill differs from a torch

The differences between the drill and the rotary tool are not noticeable at first glance, but they are significant. A drill is designed to drill holes, but a percussion tool is a tool that breaks holes in or crushes some solid material. Although many modern drills have an impact function, the impact power of impact drills (the energy transferred to the drill bit) is very low. Peorator differs from a drill in that the impact for him is the main mode of operation. the energy with which the drill plunges into the material, up to tens of joules.

The difference between a drill and an impact drill

Hello all! In today’s article I want to tell what the difference between the regular drill and an impact drill, give a telling picture. It’s just that many people, having decided to buy this tool, ask themselves this question. To clear up the fog on this topic, I wrote this article.

This question involves two aspects:

Functionality

So, to begin with, let’s break down what a percussion machine gives.

It creates a reciprocating motion of the drill bit so that a drill with a hammer function can easily drill in materials like brick or aerated concrete. But such a machine will not be able to cope with cement concrete, because the impact force of it is not so great, and it is not enough to affect the concrete. It has to be drilled with a peorator, which has completely different insides, as I wrote about in this article.

Naturally, percussion machines can also work in hammerless mode, in which metal, wood or plastic is easily drilled.

An ordinary drill, respectively, does not have the above advantages, but still sometimes it makes sense to make a choice when buying it in its favor. About this below.

The difference between the mechanism

So, what causes the impact? It comes from the operation of the ratchet mechanism found on percussion machines. It consists of two ratchets, which are positioned toothed to each other. One is fixed statically, and the other is attached to the spindle, which has a chuck on the opposite side.

Ratchet mechanism

The ratchets engage at the moment when a special switch is set in the start position. When one of them rotates, the teeth cause them to separate slightly, and then come together again. At high rpm this can be felt as vibration. The result is an additional force that makes it easier to drill through solid brick or aerated concrete. Special drill bits with a carbide tip are needed for this kind of drilling.

The ratchets stop touching each other the moment the switch is placed in the no-impact position.

In regular drills there are no ratchets and, naturally, no corresponding switch either.

Impact or non-impact drill?

And as a result. what do you prefer?? It is quite simple here. If your work involves drilling in brick, aerated concrete or other similar material, then you will definitely need an impact drill.

If the work will be carried out only with metal, wood or plastic, it is better to buy a regular version. Why would I advise in this case to choose a hammerless drill and not its more universal opposite? It’s all about reliability. in impact drills, especially the cheap ones, the mode switch often fails. That is why, if there is no need to drill masonry materials, it is better to get a machine without additional options.

That is my advice on the subject. And that’s the end of the article!

Impact drill electric screwdriver

If you buy an impact drill and want to use it as an electric screwdriver for the ability to tighten and unscrew screws, self-tapping screws, screws, then get a 2-speed tool with a soft start, t. е., So you can slowly press the button on the drill and it will slowly build up speed. This is what a special bit on the drill with a set of bits (small screwdrivers) looks like:

Once you attach the bit to your drill, you can change bits and thus screw or unscrew various self-tapping screws and screws:

My recommendations: Use well-proven brands: DeWALT, Metabo, Makita and Bosch. They are sure to serve you for many years.

If you want even more detailed information than in this article, download my book: “My Impact Drill. 5 tools in one”. Here you already know absolutely everything about this wonderful tool.

What is the difference between a drill and an impact drill? Break down each item

A person who does not know much about tools will not always know the difference between a drill and an impact drill. both in appearance and in the tasks they perform. Unless you make a joke: “With a punch!”In principle, the main difference between the two is quite defined by this answer. But, as scientists and educators like to say, the answer is not deployed and is characterized by insufficient information.

Meanwhile, anyone who is inexperienced in repair, but has thought to enrich his collection of necessary tools, should surely know what he chooses and what he pays his money for. After all, it can also happen that he will buy equipment that is not too suitable to achieve their goals. Or, on the contrary, will lay out money for features he will never need. Or even worse. will bring home two different-looking and different-named tools, which are designed to perform the same work.

To avoid such mishaps, you need to quickly get to the bottom of this issue and find out: what are the similarities and differences between the devices.

What is the difference between a drill and an impact drill. You can understand it by comparing the different characteristics of the two tools, which we will try to do in our next article.

  • So, wood and all its derivatives (boards and planks) are treated with conventional drills, although many craftsmen change them for those designed to work with harder substances, such as metal, to speed up drilling;
  • iron and other metal surfaces can be easily tapped with special drill bits, which have a special design and increased strength;
  • glass and ceramics are fragile and prone to splintering. For making holes in them, a lance-shaped drill bit design has been developed that almost eliminates fracture, which are successfully used in practice;
  • If it is necessary to deepen or hole of large diameter, core drills are used.
  • Grinding wheel. put on instead of a drill (or a special nozzle), provides an opportunity to smooth out any roughness practically to a mirror shine. Of course, the power of the device turns out a little different than that of a real grinder, but small grinding work at home may well be performed with some success.
  • The wire brush will help you remove rust from metal. This is an important accessory when working on metal surfaces to prepare them for painting, because doing it by hand is a thing of the past.
  • The mixer attachment turns the drill into a construction mixer and allows you to prepare any composition required in repairs in minutes. Very handy, for example, when laying intermediate walls, when you need a small amount of mortar, kneading adhesive mixture for wallpaper, performing work on the leveling of surfaces.

There is another interesting variation, the electric screwdriver drill. It is used to measure the tightening torque of screws and other fasteners. In household works and furniture assembly is very useful thing. And finally, the impact drill. It performs all the functions of a conventional one, but some additional functions are added.

In some cases it is necessary to drill a hole in a very structurally heavy wall. For example, in a brick or concrete. An ordinary drill, even fitted with a diamond drill bit, will cope with this task with difficulty. And if the slab is reinforced concrete, then super strong drills don’t remember

can. And it takes an unreasonable amount of time to work with the material. In this case you need exactly an impact drill. It is constructed with two ratchets, special toothed mechanisms. The drill chuck is firmly connected to one ratchet, its body to the other. These parts convert the rotary motion (drilling) into reciprocating motion (impact). When this function is not needed, it can be disabled. A stop is put between the ratchets, and the drill works in a more conventional mode.

  • The impact drill is heavier than a conventional drill because of the additional components included in its construction. It is therefore more difficult to drill with it.
  • The spindle of the tool is designed for heavy and fairly long loads. Accordingly, it has a different design.
  • And it is not very accurate when drilling.

Hence we conclude: if your apartment’s walls are made of reinforced concrete slabs, for example (such are found in Khrushchev houses built in the 60s), a hammerless drill will be of little use even for hanging a photo on the wall. However, for normal surfaces, if you are not going to chisel out individual components of the electrical installation (e.g. sockets), it is better to take the conventional version. it works more accurately.

It is additionally worth noting that if there is a large amount of work in which a chisel function is required (for example, laying out the electrical network throughout the apartment), the impact drill will not be the most suitable tool. It is too low-powered for global activities, and it has only one mode of operation when the stopper is removed between the ratchets. In addition, it can only operate for a fairly short period of time.

If you make an impact drill chisel a wall for a long time, it will simply fail. So for shoroting is used peorator, designed specifically to overcome the walls. By the way, it can work in the drilling mode, but it is not his element, as well as for a drill. the destruction of obstacles. Once you understand the difference between a drill and an impact drill, and understand which tasks each of them should solve, you can easily determine which tool you need in your household.

Choosing a drill: types of drills, the difference between an impact drill and an unimpacted drill and the drill

Portal about the construction and repair of Stroy-benefit opens a new series of articles for all who set up for serious repair in your home.

We want you to prepare for repair correctly. buy tools and materials which you really need. It is for you that we open this series of articles.

The first articles we will devote to power tools, but we will start with what you can’t do without. with a drill.

The capabilities of modern models have long gone beyond trivial drilling. they can be used not only to make holes, but also to grind surfaces, tighten screws and screws, stir mortars, etc.д.

An ordinary drill (impact free) can drill holes in materials that are not very hard, such as wood, plywood and plastic.

The impact drill is designed for holes in wood and metal. It operates in two modes: drilling and drilling with impact, which can partially replace the torch.

The mixer drill is a combination tool with an extra high rotational speed. Such drills are not only used for drilling, but also for mixing viscous building materials, mortars, paint, etc.п.

The mixer is more powerful than an ordinary drill and has a particularly rugged gearbox. Its main peculiarity is the high torque, which, however, makes the construction heavier. This tool is sure to come in handy for large-scale repair and finishing work.

Electric screwdriver is different from a usual drill because with it, thanks to ability to adjust torque, you can screw in / screw out screws, self-tapping screws and screws.

This tool is most widely used by furniture fitters and is indispensable for the assembly of furniture sets. In the household, it is used when you want to screw something, for example, to fix steel profiles to rails (wood or metal), drywall, profiled sheeting, etc.д.

The conventional drill is small and lightweight because it has no impact mechanism. For the same reason it is more accurate.

impact, drill, differs, regular

Drills with a percussion function differ in the fact that, in addition to rotary movements, they move “forward and backward”.

An impact drill is necessary for drilling in tough materials such as brick and concrete. The impact function can be turned off, making the tool more versatile.

The fundamental difference between a drill with impact function and a regular drill is that, in addition to normal drilling, it can be used to create notches. cable channels, sockets for switches, sockets, etc.д. This is why this tool is often called a impact drill.

In front of you is a large catalog of impact drills:

If you are going to order a drill for repairs, be sure to check out this catalog. there are always low prices.

An impact drill is often called a rotary tool, but these tools are fundamentally different. Of course, if you need to make some holes in the wall during renovation, a hammer drill is the right tool for you. But if you have to do more extensive work, you can’t do without such a drill. Why?

The drill has two cogs that take over the hammer function. It has a special built-in electro-pneumatic or electro-mechanical mechanism: an electric motor creates a reciprocating movement of the piston, which drives the working piston. This piston strikes the drill. This causes the peorator to transmit the shock with more force, and the pneumatics reduce the vibration.

impact, drill, differs, regular

In other words, the main difference between the two tools lies in the main function: for the drill, it is drilling, and for the peorator, it is striking. An impact drill is limited to brick and regular concrete, while a peorator easily chisels reinforced concrete and natural stone.

impact, drill, differs, regular

There are three types of drill cartridges:

We will talk more about the peorator in the next article.

Combat strong vibrations

Both tools produce a lot of vibration as they work. If they are used infrequently, it is not difficult to withstand the impact. However, those who work with the tool all the time should pay attention to this. The impact of this negative factor will be reduced if the tool purchased uses an anti-vibration system. It usually includes the following elements:

  • Special integrated counterweight system.
  • Spring hanger application. The elastic interaction will dampen vibration.
  • The damping ring is a spacer that absorbs shock.

Rubber-coated handles are usually considered as an anti-vibration system. When choosing a tool, you should pay attention to the way it dampens vibration.

The essentials at a glance

Drill is a construction tool, the main purpose of which comes down to the formation of holes in the bases of different hardness.

There are 5 basic varieties of the tool. single-function (conventional), impact, electric screwdriver drill, mixer drill and angle model.

A distinction is made between corded models (electrical) and cordless models according to the type of power supply.

When choosing a drill for your home, it is important to pay attention to the basic technical characteristics: power, shaft speed, maximum drill diameter and type of chuck.

For the convenience of working with the drill consider additional devices and a set of functional “attachments.

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