Which cultivator is better to use in the country, gasoline or electric?

Currently, technological progress is so rapid that you want. You don’t want, but we must study and understand the changes that are happening in the equipment surrounding us, including our summer resident, who has a lot of different works in their favorite cottage, in their site, garden, on land in the garden where he uses various garden equipment. Until recently, all work on the processing of land and soil, as a rule, was done using gasoline equipment, or rather. Technology with internal combustion engines. ICE. And for the most part these are cultivators. But recently, equipment with electric engines. Electrical cultivators, more and more in hearing from summer residents. Let’s say right away, we are talking about electrical cultivators with power from the network 220 volts. Let’s try to figure out all the intricacies of this matter.

Everything is simple here. Either a gasoline engine or electric. This is the main difference. And then the differences of the second level are already going on. This is power, it is noisiness, it is autonomy.

How to choose a gasoline cultivator

The main advantage of gasoline cultivators over electric models is complete autonomy. The work of this technique does not depend on energy sources. In order for the motor.Cultivator to serve for a long time, you should pay attention to the criteria below.

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Class

Gasoline cultivators are conditionally divided into the following types:

  • Ultra-light (mini-cultivators)-weigh up to 15 kg, equipped with an engine with a capacity of not more than 1.5 liters.With. Designed for weeding and loosening to a depth of 8 cm and width up to 30 cm. A good option for women, old people.
  • Light. With an engine of up to 4.5 l/s and weighing up to 40 kg. Cutters are able to defeat in the soil by 15-20 cm. Destination. Cultivation of small areas, for example, beds and flower beds. As a rule, light models are equipped with either a two.Stroke or four.Stroke engine. In the first case, a mixture of gasoline and oil is used, and in the second. Pure gasoline. Light cultivators are actively used in planting various crops.
  • Medium. The weight of such cultivators does not exceed 60 kg, and the power of the gasoline engine is in the range of 4-6 liters.With. The increased mass provides the convenience of work, since the mills are better deepened under load, and the equipment itself is more stable. The depth of processing of medium models is up to 28 cm, and the width reaches 40-52 cm. It is impossible to work in narrow places with this technique. As a rule, in medium units, a 4-stroke engine operating on clean gasoline is installed, a system of lubrication of highly loaded nodes is provided. Some models are equipped with additional mounting equipment, which expands their functionality. The traction force increases due to the use of metal wheels equipped with soil.Bearing.
  • Heavy. The engine power of such cultivators exceeds 6 liters.C, and the weight starts at 60 kg. Cultivators of this class are capable of working both on pre.Processed soil and the virgin lands, the width of processing in most cases is about 1 meter, and the depth is 30 cm. Devices are often operated in tandem with mounting equipment, as expanding the functionality as much as possible.

Engine’s type

Two-stroke gasoline engines are less environmentally friendly compared to 4-stroke, consume more fuel. But they are compact and light, which allows them to use them on the technique of light and ultra.Light class.

Fixing a Ryobi 410 Cultivator

Power

The power of the motor directly affects the performance and dimensions of technology. The greater the power, the wider the functionality of the technique, the depth and width of the soil processing increases.

This parameter directly affects the depth of soil processing. Cultivators with low weight are able to perform exclusively loosening the upper layer, but at the same time, such models jump up due to lack of their own mass in the process. The problem is solved by additional weighting of the structure.

Depth and width of processing

The degree of fragmentation and width of the soil strip is affected by the degree of fragmentation and the width of the engine power and the own mass of the cultivator. Light class models are suitable for processing narrow soil strips to a small depth, for example, beds.

To prevent overloading and rapid wear of cultivators when choosing, it is necessary to monitor the correct ratio of capture width to 1 liter.With. The power of the motor. For 2-stroke engines it is 300 mm, and for 4-stroke-200 mm.

Maneuvering

Middle and heavy models are equipped with a reverse function, and a portable handle is installed on the lungs for the convenience of their turn.

Gearbox, gearbox and clutch

The presence of a gearbox expands the functionality of the cultivator, allowing you to rotate working elements at different speeds. The gearbox and clutch are responsible for the transfer of the rotating moment. Ultra.Light and light models are equipped, as a rule, with a worm gearbox.

The best solution, which is used mainly on middle.Class models. Belt clutch paired with a chain gearbox. Heavy cultivators are equipped with a gear gearbox and a squeezing coupling, but this option requires regular maintenance.

Security

The safest is the system in the form of an emergency lock lever. The option with the Stop button is considered unsafe, since in an emergency it is impossible to quickly stop the operation of the unit.

How to plow a cultivator?

The processing of large earthen areas, as a rule, does not do without a cultivator. Despite the fact that today a significant number of models of different brands from well.Known and popular manufacturers are presented on the market, plowing itself is carried out according to a similar methodology.

  • Before you start using the cultivator in the country, you should carefully evaluate the presence of all elements of the device and their performance, as well as run.In. According to the operating instructions, a canopy is installed for plowing the soil, fasteners are checked and twisted, and the height of the handle is adjusted.
  • Then the garden itself is necessarily prepared. Large stones and large branches are thrown out, as well as glasses that can even injure a person, flying down from below.

It is important to mention that a light cultivator will not cope with heavy, complex soils. Here you need a device whose weight starts from 70 kilograms.

  • In addition, if possible, pneumatic wheels should be replaced with soil.Spaces that will strengthen the thrust, but at the same time will not clog the earth during the process:
  • To attach a soil.Bearing, first of all you will have to remove the wheels and hubs.
  • The latter are replaced by another variety with a larger length, which is connected to the gross drive with special spiers.
  • Finally, everything ends with the installation of the soil.

By the way, if the newly purchased device is used, it will need to wipe the conservative grease from it. To do this, a rag is soaked in gasoline and is used to process metal parts, which followed by dry.

  • Primary operation is carried out with two cutters on each side and at a very small speed. Gradually “turns” increase.
  • The first 5 or even 10 hours of operation, the motor.Cultivator must remain in a lightweight mode, gradually warming up and adapting to the loads.

How to plow correctly?

The operating instructions of the cultivator contains quite useful information regarding the processing of different soils and even sections. It should work on slightly moisturized soil, since the presence of moisture simplifies land cultivation. However, the excessive amount of moisture will lead to the fact that the earth will score knives, so you have to wait until it dries.

If the garden has the shape of a rectangle, then the cultivator should be used “around the circumference”, but if a square, then the device is “zigzags”. The speed and intensity of digging will also be interconnected with the condition of the soil, therefore, for example, the soil with interspersed of small pebbles will have to be treated at low speeds.

Seal land will have to be processed in two stages. First, processing should be done at minimum depth, and after that you can already switch to the required.

The influence of the motor.Cultivator ideally occurs very carefully so as not to interfere with either trees or plants. This is carried out when a large area is divided into small areas for plowing. When the site becomes already, it is logical to reduce the width of the capture. This is done by eliminating external mills.

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In general, during operation, the device should not be pushed, only set the direction.

In addition, you can not follow the cultivator, thereby deforming the surface layer of the soil of just processed. It is considered correct to expand the pen for convenience and move parallel to the movement of the device.

The state is considered optimal when the cultivation of the earth with flat cutters occurs to a depth of one and a half shovels. To achieve such an effect, you should from time to time swing a motor.Cultivator from side to side.

How to work properly a motor cultivator

Suppose to avoid the hardest work in the personal plot or in the country, you bought a motor.Cultivator. Immediately the question arises of how to use it correctly. The first step is to carefully study the instructions attached to it. Some features of engines and other functional nodes can only be found from the instructions. This article discusses only the general rules for working with any motor cultivator.

Initially, external conservation lubrication is removed from the unit and its devices. With a rag dipped in gasoline, wipe the parts with a metal coating and then must be wiped dry. Then the cultivators must be “run up”. As in any mechanisms, the driving details in them should “be worn out”, the engine should warm up, “get used to” the load. Start with light tasks, small speeds, only two mills, gradually increasing the load. 5-10 hours of sparing mode may be quite enough. Then you can resort to an increase in speed (engine speed) and add the amount of milling.

Preparatory actions

Before starting work, it is necessary:

    Prepare the site. Clear it of stones and large branches that can seriously damage the cultivator.

First of all, inspect the fastening of all moving parts and set the necessary handle height. Then, using a special probe, check the oil level in the engine. The cultivator will work for a long time and harmoniously, if you use fuel and oil, which are recommended in the instructions, and change the oil in a timely manner-every 25-50 hours of work. Do not forget to clean the air filter.

After the successful completion of the preparatory process, proceed to the next stage.

Cultivator handling during work

While working with the cultivator, be sure to follow your limbs so that they are not close to the moving parts of the cultivator. It’s better to work in closed shoes: high boots, and even better. In boots. Schoolpanians or vietnamese reserve for other purposes, here they increase the risk of injuries. It is advisable to plow the earth with glasses and gloves.

After turning on, the cultivator does not need to push, it is simply set in the right direction. Когда агрегат застопорится в земле, слегка покачайте его с одной стороны в другую, с вашей малой помощью он продолжит движение. In order not to trample the land just processed, turn the handle and go next to the plowed strip.

When working as a cultivator on wet land, large clods are obtained. The soil is then difficult to loosen, and the earth sticks to cutters. When the earth is very dry, the depth of processing is sharply reduced. In this case, they pass the strip first at a low depth, repeating its passage to the necessary. Therefore, it is best to work with moderately wet soil. The low speed of the cultivator at high turns of the cutter allows you to more carefully process the soil.

Когда земля мягкая, для рыхления почвы лучше всего подойдет насадка в виде якоря. It is more convenient to move in rows or zigzags with a cultivator.

Some tips on how to handle the cultivator correctly

  • If there are many small pebbles on the site, work at lower speeds.
  • The same.Based tractor will serve for a long time provided that the maintenance of the maintenance. Oil replacement, cleaning the unit, sharpening milling. The key to the “health” of your cultivator. Cannot be saved in oil. When pouring non.Suitable oil in the process, a solid sediment is formed, which clogs the unit nodes. As a result, the cultivator may fail. And then the costs of its repair will significantly exceed the savings that you managed to achieve on the change of oil. This also applies to gasoline.
  • Important: you can fill in fuel only with a stopped and cooled engine. After refueling, check the tightness of the fuel tank.
  • All settings should also be carried out with the engine turned off.
  • If you feel the vibration during work, this is a signal about the problems that have begun. It is worth stopping the engine, finding the cause (most likely weakened the mounting of the parts) and eliminate it.
  • A row in the garden is not always perfect. In order not to damage plants, you can reduce the cultivation strip, removing external mills.
  • Powerful motor cultivators can move not only forward, but also backward. If necessary, change the direction of movement, withstand the pause until the milling stops.
  • The cultivator must move smoothly and evenly. If it buries into the ground, then it is necessary to adjust the position of the wheels or change the mills in places.
  • After using the unit, wipe all its metal parts with a rag. If necessary, rinse the mills followed by wiping dry.Security measures while working with a cultivator

In order to avoid accidents:

  • Do not trust children with a cultivator management.
  • Do not allow people who are not familiar with the rules of handling him.
  • Make sure that there are no other people or animals near a working unit.
  • Follow the safe distance to rotating elements.
  • Use special strong clothes, shoes and gloves. Laces, ribbons, floors of clothing. Nothing should hang out when moving.

The life of the cultivator depends on the correct and timely maintenance. It includes the use of high.Quality oils and fuel, as well as their regular replacement and replenishment. For proper work with the cultivator, you should strictly adhere to safety rules, the ignoring of which can lead to injuries or breakdown of the unit.

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How to work properly a motor cultivator

Suppose to avoid the hardest work in the personal plot or in the country, you bought a motor.Cultivator. Immediately the question arises of how to use it correctly. The first step is to carefully study the instructions attached to it. Some features of engines and other functional nodes can only be found from the instructions. This article discusses only the general rules for working with any motor cultivator.

Motoculture

Initially, external conservation lubrication is removed from the unit and its devices. With a rag dipped in gasoline, wipe the parts with a metal coating and then must be wiped dry. Then the cultivators must be “run up”. As in any mechanisms, the driving details in them should “be worn out”, the engine should warm up, “get used to” the load. Start with light tasks, small speeds, only two mills, gradually increasing the load. 5-10 hours of sparing mode may be quite enough. Then you can resort to an increase in speed (engine speed) and add the amount of milling.

Preparatory stage

Before working, working with a motor.Cultivator must check the oil level in the crankcase. To do this, they twist the probe and see if the oil remaining on the probe comes to the risks of “minimum”. Above risks “maximum” oil cannot be overflow.

Some models have only one risk of probes without letter markings. About how to accurately determine the level of oil on each model, there is information in the instructions for the cultivator (manual).

If it’s time to change the oil, you need to do it. The replacement periods depend on the model and are indicated in the instructions (from 30-40 to 100 mothers).

The presence of fuel is checked. If necessary, add gasoline for 4 stamped engines or gasoline with oil for gasoline two.Stroke in the proportion recommended by the manufacturer.

The working part is set up. The condition of the milling is checked. If they are new, you need to remove the factory lubricant, wiping it with a rag. Emphas of lubrication in the ground is undesirable, mineral oils and additives in lubricants are toxic for plants. In addition, dirt can stick on a lubricant.

HT500A 6.5hp Gasoline Tiller Working in Dry Land

There are types of mills that cut the soil not with the entire plane, but with special incisors. These are spiral mills, “goose legs”, etc.D. If the incisors are dull, they are undermined in the following ways:

At the same time, if the metal is easily sharpened, then the milling cutters are poor (principle: easily sharpened. Easily stupid). You can work with such mills for some time, but in the future it is better to replace with those made of high.Quality metal or alloy.

Any soil. An abrasive (erasing material), quickly erases thin sharpening to rounding.

The cutter should be sharp enough to easily enter the ground. The quality of the soil itself also matters. The milling cutter is easily entered in the bulk sandstones, but it just erases the sands of the faster. For such soils, sharpening at a blunt angle is recommended.

Transport wheels are removed. Supported mills are put in place. For light bulk soils, they put a complete set. For heavy dense soils. A narrower set so as not to overload the engine.

Further, according to the manual, the engine is launched and start work:

  • The fuel supply crane opens.
  • The air damper closes.
  • The handle of gas is placed half.
  • If there is a “start” button, it turns on.

A smooth jerk or several, the internal combustion engine starts and the unit is ready to work.

But before that, if required, the soil must be prepared.

The stems of large plants, tops, curly weeds are removed from the site. Otherwise, when working, they will be wound on cutters, which will make it difficult to work. It will be necessary to stop often and take off the grass.

Stones, glass, plastic and other garbage are removed if it was.

For most soils (loam, chernozems, serousems), except for sandy ones, it is important to choose weather conditions. Severe loam in dry weather stages, it is difficult or impossible to treat them with a motor.Cultivator at this time

In a wet state, such soil becomes soft and crumbly.

But excessive humidity will also not allow to work. Dirt will stick on the cutter, shoes. Instead of crumbly soil, test.Shaped lumps will form.

Therefore, the choice of the right time between the rains is important. For some soils, it is necessary.

This applies to sandstones and guts the least. The water in them quickly goes down, and they are loose at almost any time.

Preparation for work

It is important to mention that a light cultivator will not cope with heavy, complex soils. Here you need a device whose weight starts from 70 kilograms. In addition, if possible, pneumatic wheels should be replaced with soil.Spaces that will strengthen the thrust, but at the same time will not clog the earth during the process:

In addition, if possible, pneumatic wheels should be replaced with soil.Spaces that will strengthen the thrust, but at the same time will not clog the earth during the process:

  • To attach a soil.Bearing, first of all you will have to remove the wheels and hubs.
  • The latter are replaced by another variety with a larger length, which is connected to the gross drive with special spiers.
  • Finally, everything ends with the installation of the soil.

By the way, if the newly purchased device is used, it will need to wipe the conservative grease from it. To do this, a rag is soaked in gasoline and is used to process metal parts, which followed by dry.

  • Primary operation is carried out with two cutters on each side and at a very small speed. Gradually “turns” increase.
  • The first 5 or even 10 hours of operation, the motor.Cultivator must remain in a lightweight mode, gradually warming up and adapting to the loads.

How to use a cultivator, operating instructions

It is difficult to manually process spacious plantations. Work on a land plot is a hard, exhausting manual labor. Fortunately, devices such as plow, chip, shovel are already gone into the past. They were replaced by more functional, convenient to use the device. If you have a city, summer cottage or small farm, get a cultivator. The technique is used for loosening, swelling and cultivation of the soil, even copes with the virgin.

After buying a cultivator, it is important to carefully familiarize yourself with the operating manual, to study safety precautions. Despite the fact that a wide range of units is provided on the market, the principle of their work is similar. Consider how to use the cultivator correctly, how it works.

Preparation of the cultivator for work

So you bought a cultivator. What’s next? In no case should you immediately subject it to intensive loads. First, read the instructions, study in detail those sections where the device and the principle of operation of the unit are described. Now you should check the performance of all nodes and mechanisms, reliability of fasteners. After you can run.In. Install the attachment, adjust the handle to your height.

It is necessary to prepare not only the cultivator itself, but also the land plot. Go around the garden, remove large stones, garbage, glass. This will not only facilitate plowing, but also increase the safety of the operation of garden equipment. The fact is that in the process of working from the working mechanisms of the device, these solid items fly out and may injure the operator.

Note! For processing virgin soil, clay, loamy light class cultivators are not suitable. Work in such areas is possible only with the use of a heavy unit, the weight of which exceeds 50 kg.

If the cultivator is equipped with a powerful engine, but its own mass is less than 50 kg, you can solve the problem with the help of soil. These are special devices that increase the weight of the machine, increase the traction force. The fastening of the soil is carried out according to this algorithm:

  • Remove wheels and standard hubs;
  • Install long hubs that are attached to the shaft with a spire;
  • Attach soil.Spaces.

You can start running in. Fasten two mills on each side. Start working at low speeds, gradually increasing them. In a gentle mode, you need to work out at least 5, or better, 10 mothers. So all nodes and mechanisms adapt to the load, follow each other. And only then you can work in normal mode. According to the same algorithm, the walk.Behind tractor is prepared for work after the purchase.

Adjusting the depth of plowing

Manufacturers produce models with different depths of plowing. As a rule, this indicator is in the range from 10 to 25 cm. For adjustment in the design of the cultivator, there is a second. It is important to understand the principle of operation of this element. To accelerate the movement of the cultivator, the couch is raised, and to increase the depth of plowing, they are omitted. Bend should be located in a position against movement. So it is easier to manage equipment. Sushnik is recorded in earrings with shplints and bushings.

To change the depth of plowing, it is necessary to install fasteners in the holes located above or lower in relation to the current position. The most difficult thing is to cultivate fresh soil after winter. If such a task is to, for the first time, go around the site, plowing it to a depth of 10 cm, then increase the deepening of the cutter and plow the field again.

Choose the amount of milling plants depending on the composition and soil density. If you plan to work at maximum depth, use additional load, this will enhance the traction force of the unit. To improve the quality of processing and protect the equipment from overload, go around the site several times, gradually increasing the depth.

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How to plow the soil with a cultivator correctly?

Approached the consideration of the most important question. How to properly plow the soil as a cultivator. All useful information that may be required during the operation, repair or maintenance specifically for your model is contained in the instructions. Below are the basic rules that should be followed in the cultivation process in order to get a decent quality of processing.

  • It is best to start plowing after rain. If the earth is well moistened, it is easier to process.
  • If pouring rains went for several days in a row, the soil is not wet, but wet, it is recommended to postpone the work on the ground while the soil dries a little. Excessively moistened soil will clog the cutting elements of the technique.
  • In areas of rectangular shape, they work around the circle, and in square gardens move in a zigzag direction.
  • When working on rocky soils, do not rush, treat the soil at low speed. Pebbles can fall under the mills, thereby blushing them. A more dangerous situation when the stone flies out from under the car and inflicts injury to the operator.
  • You do not need to push the cultivator in the process. This is an additional load for both the tool and for the operator. Set him the right direction, but don’t push.
  • You can also adjust the width of the plow in a fairly wide range. To reduce the capture, remove the external cutters, to increase. Install them.
  • You should not go behind the cultivator, because so you tackle the surface layer of the soil. Expand the handle so that you can move parallel to the unit.

Often inexperienced users the question arises why the cultivator buries into the ground. This is a really unpleasant situation. To fix it, change the position of the wheels or milling. Also often beginners are faced with the fact that in the process the cultivator jumps. This means that he lacks weight to plow the soil at the desired depth. In this case, weighting weights should be installed.

Plowing scheme

To get a high.Quality result, you need to work carefully, drive slowly, slowly. If you use an unit of light or middle class, do not forget to take breaks from time to time to prevent the engine overheating.

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