What to attach the cable channels to the drywall

During the construction of a house, electrical wiring is installed covertly, under the plaster. Complete replacement of electrical wiring, as a rule, is made during major repairs. In this case, holes are made in the wall, and the wire is laid in them.

But what to do, when there is no possibility or desire to engage in dusty strutted walls? Or it is necessary to connect a recently installed powerful electrical appliance, such as a water heater? In this case, many people choose the open method of laying wiring, and fastening to the wall is carried out with the help of the cable channel.

Types of cable channels

Several criteria are used to classify the cable channel:

  • Size. There are small products for laying a single wire of small cross section, or boxes of large size, designed to mount on the wall up to eight conductors of different cross sections;
  • Material of manufacture. Available in aluminum, steel and plastic construction. For indoor installation, plastic models are more in demand, and steel and aluminum boxes are more often used for wiring the front of the house;
  • Location. The cable duct can be fastened in several places. The design of the product is maximally adapted to the place of installation. A distinction is made between skirting, parapet, trunking and floor models.

Please Note! According to the color design cable channel most often has a neutral white color, suitable for any finish. Models imitating the wooden structure are also popular.

Installation technology

The main advantage of the cable duct for open wiring is the ease of installation. Thus it is possible to fasten the construction on any surface: the wall, the floor or the ceiling. The surface material is of the utmost importance: the best way of fixing depends on it. Consider the basic installation options, as well as the types of surfaces to which the attachment of the cable channel.

Surface marking

Before starting to mount the cable duct, it is necessary to make a marking on the surface: the location of boxes for electrical wiring is marked on the wall. This can be done with a pencil or chalk, and a spirit level. It is important to maintain the horizontal and vertical, because after the installation irregularities of the laying will be striking.

Mounting on self-tapping screws

To fix the box on a wooden wall, the usual self-tapping screws are used. The recommended length is 2-3 cm. This method is suitable for wooden houses, baths and other buildings. Also fixing on self-tapping screws is also suitable for walls clad with wooden battens.

When installing the box, pre-drill holes in the bottom of the box, into which self-tapping screws are then screwed. In plastic structures, the holes can be made directly with a self-tapping screw when fastening. The optimum distance between the mounting points is 30-50 cm, depending on the expected load on the cable channel (number of wires in the box).

Fixing with dowels

The installation of the cable ducts on the concrete surface requires a more serious approach and additional tools. This requires plastic dowels and a peorator or impact drill to make holes in the concrete wall. This method is suitable for the installation of any profile: both metal and plastic, in the interior or outside the building. The order of the work is as follows:

  • At the bottom of the box are drilled holes for mounting. The distance between them, as in the previous version, 30-50 cm;
  • Then the cable duct is attached to the wall along the previously marked line;
  • With an awl or a nail on the surface of the wall, the location of the fasteners is marked;
  • Then, according to the marks in the wall with a pen drill holes of the required diameter, into which the plastic dowels are hammered;
  • After that it remains to fasten the profile with self-tapping screws.

To fix the box for electrical wiring on a concrete surface, you can also use dowel nails, which are driven with a hammer. But this variant has a significant disadvantage. if it is necessary to transfer the construction, there are certain problems with the dismantling of dowels.

Glue method

Another option for fixing the cable duct is to use mounting adhesive for fixing. Most often for this purpose, you use the adhesive composition “liquid nails”, available under the brand name Moment. Such glue is available in tubes under the mounting gun or in ordinary tubes for manual application.

The glue method of installation is used to mount cable channels to drywall, PVC wall cladding (plastic molding or panels), as well as in bathrooms on ceramic tile. It should be noted that only plastic boxes for electrical wiring are suitable for this method, since their weight is minimal. It is also desirable that the number of wires laid in the cable channel is minimal and does not create a significant load on the structure.

The technology of the adhesive method of fixation is as follows:

  • Adhesive compound is applied to the back of the profile. To ensure maximum adhesion area, the glue is distributed in a wavy pattern;
  • Then the cable duct is neatly attached to the wall along the line of marking and immediately removed;
  • After 2-3 minutes, when the adhesive has begun to dry, the strip is reapplied and pressed down firmly for several minutes.

After the complete setting of the adhesive, in problem areas additional fixation is made. For fastening small self-tapping screws or nails are used.

Here are a few recommendations that will come in handy when installing cable channels.

To facilitate the connection profile, use the additional elements offered by the manufacturer: T-shaped and corner designs, connectors for strips, various bends and other accessories.

To install the sockets and switches it is best to use overhead versions of these products or use the box models with recessed designs.

Separately, we note that the installation of external wiring is carried out last, after all the finishing work.

Classification of cable channels

For the manufacture of the cable-channel is used metal or plastic. It can be square, rectangular, oval or round in various cross-sections. The products are available in a wide variety of colors. This allows you to choose the material for any interior. The design consists of a body and a protective cover. The body bears the main load.

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Classification of the main types of cable channels:

  • Mini. compact and practical. The main purpose is to hide cables for TV, computer and telephone.
  • Floor trays are used for laying concealed wiring directly on the flooring. For their production, metal or reinforced plastic is used. Available in an oval form: it is necessary to prevent mechanical effect.
  • Parapet trays are the most common type of electrical cable trays. Plastic is used for their production. Can have P, W, L-shaped forms. The latter are used to create corner joints.
  • Skirting boards. are actively used in residential areas. They perform their main function and serve as a decorative, plastic plinth for the interior.
  • Peorized. the main difference is the reduced weight of the construction. This is ensured by special technological holes located throughout the contour of the product.
  • Flexible. designed for installation of electrical wiring on uneven surfaces. They are characterized by an increased degree of protection against external factors.
  • Corner. used to form hidden wiring under ceilings.
  • Transparent with backlight. the main design feature is the transparent material of the box. This allows you to mount different shades of illumination, which contributes to a beautiful design of cable trays.
  • Industrial. is a stretched wire, along which the open fixing of cable lines. This allows easy access to the wires and minimize dust accumulation.

Baseboard with cable-channel and backlight system

Preparing for installation, marking surfaces

So, so that you can properly and at the same time quickly mount the cable channel, with the following installation nuances:

  • First of all, carefully align the wall with the ceiling and prepare it for attaching the plastic box. The flatter will be the surface, the more may be a step between the fasteners. In addition, the absence of gaps will have a positive impact on the interior of the room.
  • To connect the cable duct at the corners (external, internal, the junction of the vertical route with the horizontal), make special angles at 45 o. To do this you can use a wire cutter, as shown in the photo.

That’s all you need to know about how to attach the cable duct to the wall with your own hands. We hope that the provided detailed description with photos and video examples was useful to you!

Open installation has higher aesthetic requirements: everything must be “even and parallel”. In this case, the box is fixed along the lines of preliminary marking. It is carried out with the help of a level (laser or water, construction), angle, tape measure, chipping, ruler, pencil (marker).

Installation instructions Install the box according to the drawn markings

Here is how to properly divide the process into stages:

attach, cable, channel, drywall, main, ways
  • initially a wiring diagram is drawn up in an optimal way;
  • lines on the wall are drawn with a chisel on the level, all branching. strictly at right angles;
  • On them a pencil, according to the available plan, marks the location of junction boxes, outlets, switches;
  • necessary adjustments are made in the course of work.

Bends and corners can be made by yourself

At the end you must calculate the length of the marking strips, the number of installation points, turns, corners. This will allow you to order the exact amount of work material.

Bends, corners can be purchased as a ready-made, and to produce from the cable channel itself. Using the former leads to higher costs. But the work on complex sections is accelerated, the appearance of the route is better than when using homemade.

Do-it-yourself fabrication will require the additional use of sealants for caulking.

If you have a laser, you don’t have to do the marking

Boxes for installation can be pre-cut (for a large area) or in the process of action. The first case begins with accurate measurements with a tape measure along the marking lines.

Then cut the working material into the necessary sections in order to install it afterwards. Here it is important to accurately measure.

It is easier to work according to the scheme: try it on. cut it off. fasten it.

The main advantage of the cable channel for open wiring is the ease of installation. And you can mount the design on any surface: wall, floor or ceiling. Of greater importance is the material of the surface: it depends on this method, how best to produce a mount. Consider the basic installation options, as well as the types of surfaces to which you can mount the cable channel.

Before you start fixing the cable duct, you must mark the surface: the location of the wiring ducts is marked on the wall. This can be done with a pencil or chalk and a spirit level. It is important to maintain the horizontal and vertical, because after the installation of uneven gasket will be conspicuous.

Screwing in with self-tapping screws

To fix the box on a wooden wall, use conventional self-tapping screws. The recommended length is 2-3 cm. This method is suitable for wooden houses, baths and other buildings. Also the fastening with self-tapping screws is suitable for walls clad with wooden linings.

When mounting, holes are drilled in the bottom of the box beforehand, and then self-tapping screws are screwed into them. In plastic structures, the holes can be made directly with self-tapping screws during fixing. The optimum distance between the mounting points is 30-50 cm, depending on the anticipated load on the cable channel (the number of wires wired in the box).

Installing cable channels on a concrete surface requires a more serious approach and additional tools. This requires plastic dowels and a drill or impact drill to make holes in the concrete wall. This method is suitable for installing any profile: both metal and plastic, inside or outside the building. The order of work is as follows:

  • At the bottom of the box are drilled holes for mounting. The distance between them, as in the previous version, 30-50 cm;
  • Then the cable duct is attached to the wall along the previously marked line;
  • With an awl or a nail on the surface of the wall marks the location of fasteners;
  • Then at the marks in the wall with a pen drill holes of the required diameter, into which the plastic dowels are hammered;
  • After that, it remains to fix the profile with self-tapping screws.

We suggest reading How to place beacons for plastering walls correctly

The glue method

Another option how you can fix the cable channel is to use mounting adhesive for fixation. Most often for these purposes, the adhesive composition “liquid nails” is used, available under the brand name Moment. Such glue is available in tubes for an assembly gun or in standard tubes for manual application.

The adhesive method of installation is used for fixing cable ducts to drywall, PVC wall cladding (plastic molding or panels), as well as in bathrooms on ceramic tiles. It is worth noting that only plastic boxes for electrical wiring are suitable for this method, as their weight is minimal. It is also desirable that the number of wires laid in the cable channel was minimal and does not create a significant load on the structure.

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The technology of the adhesive method of fixing is as follows:

  • On the back of the profile is applied adhesive composition. To ensure a maximum area of adhesion, the glue is distributed in a wave-like manner;
  • Then the cable channel is neatly attached to the wall on the line of marking and immediately removed;
  • After 2-3 minutes, when the adhesive has begun to dry, the strip is reapplied and pressed down firmly for several minutes.

Ways of fastening

Despite all the versatility of cable boxes, you will need to perform the correct installation of elements. There are various options for this. The choice of a particular depends on the type of surface on which you plan to install the boxes. Here are common ways of fastening cable channels.

Self-tapping screws

The specified fixing option is used on surfaces made of wood or plasterboard. Fastening is carried out with self-tapping wood screws, 40 mm in length. It is necessary to take into account the number and cross-section of wires laid. On this factor depends on the frequency of location of self-tapping screws. As a rule, it is enough to maintain a step in the range from 40 to 50 cm. For faster installation it is better to use an electric screwdriver.

Fastening of a baseboard with a cable-channel with self-tapping screws

Dowel nails

This method is relevant for concrete and brick walls, which are found in apartments and private households. To do this you will need a peorator with a six millimeter drill and dowel nails. The pitch of fixing elements should be 45 cm. In this case, it is recommended to first make holes in the plastic box, and after the transfer of attachment points to the wall to drill holes in it with a peorator.

Nail plugs for baseboards and plastic boxes

“Hardware nails.”

The use of “nails” is the best way to fix the cable channels on the aluminum profile or metal surface no thicker than 2 mm. “Clops” are self-tapping screws on metal, which are equipped with a press washer. Their screwing in does not require prior preparation of the surface, but it is better to use an electric screwdriver.

Self-tapping screws with a pressure washer and a drill bit

Liquid nails

To fix boxes for laying wiring without drilling is allowed in extreme cases, when it is impossible to use any of the previously presented options. Such situations are observed when installing the cable duct on a metal surface with a thickness of more than 2 mm, or on tiles in the bathroom. As a rule, liquid nails are used in the form of an auxiliary fixing element.

Glue liquid nails for plastic panels

Installation stages

The installation of routes for wires consists of a complex of measures. They require a responsible approach. In addition to installation, you must perform a number of preparatory tasks. Below we will dwell in detail on each of the stages.

Diagram of electrical wiring

First, a scheme of electrical wiring in the room is made. It is possible to make it with your own hands, having an understanding of electricity. Otherwise, you will need to enlist the help of professionals.

Drawing of the cable duct passage

The next step will be to make a drawing of the laying of cable trays, taking into account the location of all junction boxes, switches and sockets. It’s better to use a program with the possibility of outputting a three-dimensional image.

Diagram of wiring through cable channels

Purchase of electrical box with accessories

Then you need to calculate the required number of accessories. They are necessary for the aesthetic appearance of the joints. To avoid further problems with the installation, you should buy accessories and cable routes of the same brand.

Marking of a cable duct route

According to the previously prepared drawing, transfer the marking of wiring trays on the walls. Use plumb line and spirit level to level the cables horizontally and vertically. In the presence of a laser level is enough to use it.

Marking of walls for wiring

Preparing a cable duct for installation

At this stage you will need to prepare the appropriate lengths of cable ducts. It is recommended to carry out the cutting as the boxes are installed. It is also necessary to keep in mind that the mini cable routing ducts are not equipped with longitudinal connecting accessories. In order to get a beautiful connection is necessary:

  • Use two boxes, one of them fit one piece.
  • The second cut to the desired length along with the protective cover.
  • First the cut cover is placed on the solid box, and then the undamaged cover is snapped in place.

Fixing the cable duct on the marked route

Mounting to the wall electrical tray can be done with liquid nails, self-tapping screws on wood or metal, dowel nails. It is recommended to screw the fasteners in staggered order. When using liquid nails, you should apply glue to the back of the box in a zigzag pattern.

Fixing the cable duct to the wall

Laying and fixing cables in the channel

When laying wires in the cable duct, you will need to adhere to the following rules:

  • Power wiring must be placed without twisting between each other.
  • Install telephone, computer and television cable lines must be separate from the power supply wiring.
  • Fix the wires laid in the box with spacers and clamps.

Installing electrical elements

It remains to connect switches and sockets, fixing the devices in the prepared places.

Installing sockets in the cable channel

Closing the cover

Click the protective covers over the entire length of the installed cable track.

Liquid nails

And the last way to mount the cable channel in an apartment or house. on a special glue “liquid nails”. The need to glue the cable duct to the wall occurs if other installation options are not possible. Most often liquid nails are used when installing electrical box on the tile in the bathroom or smooth metal surface. However, it is good to fix the box only with glue unlikely to succeed. Glue mixture is often used as an additional fixation option. It can be combined with self-tapping screws or even quick installation.

There is a very important nuance of mounting the cable duct on the glue. first you must apply the adhesive mixture to the surface of the box, then lean it against the wall according to the markings. Once you have leaned the back wall against the wall, remove it and wait a few minutes to allow the glue to thicken slightly on both glued surfaces. After the liquid nails have “taken hold” at least a little, press the cable duct to the wall as much as possible, the main thing is not to break it. In this simple way you can attach the cable duct to the glue with your own hands.

Mounting the cable channels on drywall with self-tapping screws

During the construction of a house, electrical wiring is installed in a concealed manner, under the plaster. Full replacement of electrical wiring is usually performed during major repairs. In this case, holes are made in the wall, and the wires are inserted into them.

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But what to do when there is no possibility or desire to make a dusty hole in the wall? Or you need to connect a recently installed powerful electrical appliance, such as a water heater? In this case, many choose the open way of laying electrical wiring, and fastening to the wall is carried out with a cable channel.

Cable channel types

Several criteria are used to classify the cable channel:

  • Size. There are small products for laying a single wire of small cross-section, or boxes of large size, designed to fix on the wall up to eight conductors of different cross-sections;
  • Material of manufacture. There are aluminum, steel and plastic structures. For indoor installation plastic models are more in demand, and fixing steel and aluminum boxes are often used when laying electrical wiring on the facade of the house;
  • Location. Cable channel fixing can be made in several places. The design of the product adapts as much as possible to the installation site. A distinction is made between skirting, parapet, trunking and floor models.

Pay attention! According to the color design cable channel most often has a neutral white color, suitable for any finish. Models imitating the wooden structure are also popular.

Installation technology

The main advantage of the cable channel for open wiring is the ease of installation. In this case, to mount the design can be on any surface: wall, floor or ceiling. The material of the surface is of great importance: it is this that determines how best to make the attachment. Consider the basic installation options, as well as the types of surfaces to which the cable duct is fastened.

Surface marking

Before you begin to mount the cable duct, you must make a marking on the surface: the location of the boxes for electrical wiring is marked on the wall. This can be done with a pencil or chalk and a construction level. It is important to maintain the horizontal and vertical, because after the installation unevenness of the laying will be evident.

Mounting with self-tapping screws

To fix the box on a wooden wall using conventional self-tapping screws. Recommended length is 2-3 cm. This method is suitable for wooden houses, baths and other buildings. Also fixing on screws is suitable for walls clad with wooden linings.

When mounting, holes are drilled in the bottom of the box beforehand, and then self-tapping screws are screwed into them. In plastic construction holes can be made directly with self-tapping screws during fixing. The optimum distance between the mounting points is 30-50 cm, depending on the expected load on the conduit (number of wires in the box).

Fixing by means of dowels

Installation of cable channels on concrete surfaces requires a more serious approach and additional tools. You will need plastic dowels and a peorator or an impact drill to make holes in a concrete wall. This method is suitable for installing any profile, both metal and plastic, inside or outside the building. The order of the work is as follows:

  • Drill holes in the bottom of the box for mounting. The distance between them, as in the previous version, 30-50 cm;
  • Then the cable duct is attached to the wall on the previously marked line;
  • Using an awl or a nail on the surface of the wall marks the location of the fasteners;
  • Then, according to the marks in the wall with a pen drill holes of the required diameter, into which the plastic dowels are hammered;
  • After that, it remains to fix the profile with self-tapping screws.

To fix the box for wiring on a concrete surface, you can also use dowel nails, which are hammered in with a hammer. But this option has a significant disadvantage. if you need to transfer the construction, there are certain problems with the dismantling of such plugs.

Glue method

Another option, how you can fix the cable channel. is to use for fixing the mounting glue. Most often for this purpose uses adhesive composition “liquid nails”, available under the brand name Moment. Such glue is available in tubes for an installation gun or in ordinary tubes for manual application.

The glue method of installation is used to mount cable channels to drywall, PVC wall cladding (plastic molding or panels), as well as in bathrooms on ceramic tile. It should be noted that only plastic ducts are suitable for this method, because their weight is minimal. It is also desirable that the number of wires laid in the cable channel is minimal and does not create significant loads on the structure.

The technology of the adhesive method of fixing is as follows:

  • Apply adhesive compound to the back of the profile. To ensure maximum adhesion area, the adhesive is distributed in a wave-like pattern;
  • Then the cable channel is carefully applied to the wall on the line of marking and immediately removed;
  • After 2-3 minutes, when the glue began to dry, the strip is reapplied and pressed down firmly for a few minutes.

After the adhesive has fully set, additional fixation is made in problem areas. Use small self-tapping screws or nails for mounting.

attach, cable, channel, drywall, main, ways

Here are a few recommendations that will come in handy when installing cable channels.

To facilitate the connection of the profile, use the additional elements offered by the manufacturer: T-shaped and angular structures, connectors for strips, various taps and other accessories.

To install the sockets and switches it is best to use overhead versions of these products or use the box models with recessed designs.

Installation stages of wiring in a square panorama box

The process of installation of wiring in the cable channels is divided into the following stages:

  • Development of wiring diagram in the room.
  • Drawing of the QC route.
  • QC marking on the wall, during which the places of installation of sockets, switches, junction boxes, and the proposed locations of the adapters are determined.
  • Drawing up a specification to the drawing with a complete list of required accessories for the marked QC route.
  • Purchase of control gear and accessories.

It should be taken into account! The standard length of box QC is 2 meters, so the actual length of purchased QC will exceed the nominal length of the route by 10-12%.

  • Preparing QC for installation works. Experts do not recommend cutting all the material at once in mounting sections for the entire route, since the fact that the work necessarily reveal any deviations, especially in the lines of conjunction of wall to floor or wall to ceiling.
  • Installation of QC boxes along the marked route. QC installers work by a formula:
  • cut. set;
  • fixed with fasteners;
  • installed the accessory;
  • Then in the same sequence: cut it off. install it, etc.ะด.

Important! Fasteners for installing duct QC selected in accordance with the surface material to which the fastened QC (drywall, brick or concrete, wood)

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