Why cultivator cutters dig into the ground?
Beginning farmers often encounter problems caused by incorrect operation of a cultivator. It is not rare that motocultivator is buried in the ground and does not give in to any manipulations on the part of the operator. To solve this problem, first of all, it is necessary to understand the causes of its occurrence.
If the cultivator is buried when plowing, it is due to several reasons.
- This often has to do with the machine’s configuration. often than not minicultivators are equipped with four tillers. Provided the manufacturer uses quality metal to make them, they will have a lot of weight. Because of this, the working elements will pull the cultivator into the soil;
- Sharp cutter blades. if the cutting elements are sharpened, the cultivator will not move forward, but instead will dig into the ground;
- High engine loads. in such a case, the engine will vibrate heavily and cause imbalances. Because of this, the cultivator will become deep into the ground in place instead of moving across the vegetable garden;
- the second most common cause is that the machine is not operated in time. This should not be done when plowing loose soil and in conditions of high moisture;
- the cultivator is often buried due to improperly installed tillers. If you choose an angle for their attachment to the coupling mechanism more than required by the application manual, it will also be the cause of burying the equipment.
Very often the technique is buried in the ground because of too diligent pushing by the operator. The owner must remember that he is only required to push the equipment slightly in the right direction. If you apply too much force, it will upset the balance of the cultivator, and it will dig into the soil all the time.
Cultivating a plot with a power tiller
If you ask the question at what speed to cultivate with a power tiller, you should know that the speed mode affects the quality of processing. There are two gears. low and high. When cultivating it is necessary for the single axle tractor to work at an increased speed, so you need to choose the appropriate gear to increase the speed of the cutters. This gear reduces the load on the engine and also increases the loosening of the soil. When you have finished cultivating the first pass, do not forget to check the depth. If the figures are satisfactory, continue cultivating. Remember not to press the steering wheel down and push the single axle tractor, because this can cause it to dig into the ground.
Tips on how to cultivate with a power tiller allow you to understand how to carry out this process correctly, because the results of this procedure determine the yield!
How to mount a tiller on a single-axle tractor correctly?
To properly install the tiller on a single axle tractor, you must fix the coulter in the middle position and try to work in that position. Based on the depth of cultivation, cultivation quality, and forces applied to the power tiller, adjust the level of the coulter in the power tiller bracket.
It is important to remember, the work with power tiller and cultivator should not be accompanied by jerks, pressure and shocks from the operator. Properly set the level of the tiller will provide the optimal depth of cultivation, and it will drive the single-axle tractor itself.
Mounting a tiller on a single axle tractor
Before you mount the tiller on a single-axle tractor, it must be assembled by determining the direction of rotation. It is necessary that the sharpened part of the product cuts into the soil. The single-axle tractor is supported on the coulter bar, and then tilted 45 degrees. the trestle is placed under the handlebars, and the wheel is removed.Before you start assembling cutters, you need to decide on their functional purpose, and then make a rough drawing. Once assembly is complete, the product is tested and, if necessary, adjustments are made to its design.
These tips will help you understand such additional equipment as tillers. You can buy them on the website of AgroMotoCenter, which offers only high quality gardening equipment and accessories!
Types of power block attachments
The most common types of attachments for power tillers:
A plow for a power tiller is used to plow large areas of land. Also with the help of a plow, after a little practice, you can plant and dig potatoes. When properly adjusted during plowing, the plow will go deep into the soil to the required depth on its own, without much physical effort.
Trailer for power tillers is designed for transportation of various loads. Depending on the power tiller model, it is possible to carry cargo weighing from 250 to 500 kg on a trailed trolley. For convenience the carts are equipped with seats.
Hiller for power tillers is designed for hilling potatoes, as well as for making furrows when sowing vegetables. Manufacturers of power tillers produce single-row and double-row riders.
Cultivation tillers. one of the most popular tools in agriculture for tillage. Depending on the desired width of cultivation, the cultivator section is changed and the coulter is adjusted.
This equipment turns a single-axle tractor into a mini tractor. Adapter. is the rear axle where seats are mounted with a hitch for attachments or trailed equipment.
Review: single axle tractor Agat Salyut-5. After six months of use the engine is out of order.
Single axle tractor was bought a year ago. He worked for us all season from spring to fall. Did literally all the work with it: plowed, cultivated, dipped. I liked it all, and then in the fall, the motor burned out. My husband turned it on full blast. It ran for about two minutes and made such a distinctive sound that even I turned around from the other end of the garden and realized that something was wrong. I saw a cloud of smoke above the power tiller. Came close and my husband showed me this picture.
Our machine had a crack. I added one more picture to make it clearer where the one-axle tractor cracked.
Well, now everything in order. Since spring I was collecting material about the work of the power tiller, I wanted to write a detailed review. Along with the motoblock itself and a set of cultivators, cutters and plow for it, gave several brochures, manuals.
So, after studying these books my husband had no problems with the preparation of the tractor for work and its further use. It was very interesting that the little pieces of paper with the manual were found in the most surprising places, attached to the parts of the power tiller. Even one sheet of paper tore, not expecting to find it there.
On the other hand, it is immediately clear to which part of the power tiller this manual refers. Everything was packed in cardboard boxes. The colors of the parts are bright and saturated, which disposes the buyer to this product. First and foremost, my husband checked that everything was tightened, tightened all the nuts. Checked the oil level. There is a dipstick for checking the level.
Made sure the air filter was in good working order. Filled the fuel tank with gasoline.
By the way the costs for oil and gasoline are negligible compared to the benefits that brings a single-axle tractor.
The single axle tractor is designed for cultivation and plowing. What we liked most about it was the way it cultivated. We’d put plowing in second place. For cultivation, you have to install the tillers and the coulter. The coulter is an ordinary metal slat. My husband has it in his hands in the picture. At this point he is assembling the coulter. The assembly is very simple, even I am a woman, and it is very easy to understand. The coulter bar itself has four holes, so that it can be locked into a comfortable position for use. Accordingly, the depth of cultivation will depend on this.
My husband usually fixes the slat bar in place with the penultimate hole.
During work, the slat bar burrows itself deep into the soil and needs to be lifted from time to time.Setting up the cutters isn’t difficult either. Theoretically it makes sense to me, but of course it’s better when a man does it. Two, four or six tines can be fitted. It is nice that they take into account the customer’s wishes and sell a set of four or six tillers. So we decided that six blades was too much for us and bought only four, thus saving on the cost of the power tiller. The width of the tillage depends on the number of cutters. We always fit four tillers. For us this is the best option. These are the cutters mounted on one side.
Here’s the single-axle tractor with the pre-assembled tillers and coulter. The picture shows a pair of cutters on one side and the coulter.
The following picture shows a single-axle tractor in action. The coulter makes a deep groove and the soil is distributed on both sides. The tines finely shovel the ground.
After tilling, the soil is soft and crumbly, so you just sink your feet into it. That’s a big plus with this tractor.We also use a plow, but much less frequently than tillers and coulter. To attach the plough, the coulter has to be removed. Thanks to the detailed instructions, setting up the plow and wheels went flawlessly, even the first time. The cutters are removed from the gearbox shaft, the wheels are mounted on the shaft.
It is easier to move a single-axle tractor over long distances on wheels. We keep our single-axle tractor in the garage. The garden is literally only a hundred meters away. That’s why I often move the machine with the tiller, but I have to run the engine and remove the coulter.
If the single-axle tractor is turned off and has to stand idle for a while, a support is provided.
Thanks to this support it is very easy to bring it into the garage. My husband takes hold of it and I take hold of the handlebars. A single-axle tractor takes up little space in the garage.To start your power tiller seems easy, but in fact it requires certain skills. For me, for example, pulling the starter grip is a problem.
How to prepare your Moto-Block. 3 tips on how to prepare a single axle tractor for cultivation
In this article you can find answers to the most popular questions about how to properly cultivate a plot of land, using a power tiller, and learn about the basic rules of power tiller preparation.
and more modern home owners and gardeners decide to buy a single axle tractor. And there is nothing surprising, because this equipment can perform almost all agricultural and technical works without taking much time and physical effort of its owner.
Cultivation of soil. one of the most important and frequently performed technologies of land treatment. This type of work is a no-tillage soil treatment, which is not too destructive to the humus layer.
It is important that you carry out cultivation correctly and without major mistakes. Otherwise, the cultivation of the land will be of poor quality, and the gearbox and engine of your motoblock can succumb to a very serious overload. In addition, operators who do not treat the soil correctly, experience physical fatigue and discomfort in the work. Proper preparation of your power tiller is essential for successful and effective work.
First of all, you need to pay attention to a few key points when preparing your power tiller:
In addition, we will talk about the proper movement of the power tiller when performing this type of work.
Cutters for a single axle tractor come in 16, 24 or 32 cutting inserts. Which set to choose depends entirely on the type of soil on the plot and the area to be cultivated. If you have a small area to cultivate. it is not recommended to use more than 16 cutting blades. Optimal is considered a set, which has 8 plates on one side and 8 plates on the other side. If you decide to use sets of 24 or 32 plates for small areas, it will significantly increase the load on the engine of your power tiller and as a result the operator will get tired.
The stage of preparation of cutters consists in the correct assembly of sets of cutting plates. You have to be absolutely sure that their cutting part is facing the same direction.
Never sharpen the cutting parts of the tiller. If you sharpen them, the roots of weeds will not rise to the surface of the cultivated soil. The root system is simply cut by the pointy machine and remains in the ground. After a short time the weeds will grow again in the same place, and cultivation is absolutely useless.
It is worth mentioning that sharpened cutters greatly increase the load on the engine of your power tiller.
Also, sharpening the tillers has a negative effect on the specified working depth of the plot. If the cutters are sharpened, the single axle tractor will occasionally dig into the soil when moving forward. That’s because the sharpened burrs do not grip the ground, but cut through. This causes them to dig heavily into the ground to a depth of more than 30 centimeters.
So you have finished assembling the burr set. Now you can move on to the next step in the preparation of the power tiller. the installation of cutters on it. You must be careful to make sure that the direction of the cutting part of the plates is placed in the forward direction of the power tiller. It is very important not to mix up the left and right hand blades and put them in their correct places.
The coulter is a mechanism for adjusting the working depth. There are several through holes, which are positioned at different heights in relation to one another. When you fit the coulter into the bracket you need to use the cotter pin to fix it in one hole.
The choice of hole depends on the depth you want to work. If you want to set the shallowest depth possible the coulter should be placed through the bottom hole on the bracket. The through holes, which are positioned slightly higher, are for tilling the ground deeper.
What other considerations are important for the correct coulter alignment? If the soil on your plot is heavy enough or you applied organic fertiliser shortly before cultivation, you do not need to work the coulter too deep into the ground. In such cases it is strongly recommended to install the coulter through the first hole for not too deep cultivation. If it is set over and above the second hole, the tiller will burrow into the soil when cultivating (the same negative effect as sharpening the tiller will occur).
Optimal speed is the key to quality and proper cultivation of the land. That is why the correct setting of the speed is such an important factor in the adjustment of your power tiller. Based on practical experience, many owners of power tillers recommend to opt for the second gear. This will help you increase the number of revolutions of the shaft on which you have mounted the coulter sets. As a result. you can enjoy easy, fast and high-quality loosening of the soil and an even depth of cultivation of the cultivated area.
Getting your power tiller ready for cultivation is easy. You should remember the basic rules:
3.Set the optimum speed (most likely second)
Your single axle tractor will then be light and maneuverable, and you will not get tired from working.
How not to bury the cultivator. expert tips
There are a number of measures, the implementation of which will help to prevent the machine from sinking into the soil. Experts advise:
- Do not cultivate the ground immediately after rainfall. The soil will be too soft, which will cause the equipment to sink into it;
- Correctly adjust the coulter;
- Set the gas regulator of the cultivator to the maximum possible value and check the gear shift;
- Cultivate the soil at least twice. Set the coulter to the minimum depth the first time and the coulter to a suitable working depth the second time.
Careful inspection of the machine and equipment will prevent it from burrowing into the ground and will save you time.