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How and how to cut a brick: an overview of the tool

During the construction of brick walls, during the arrangement of furnaces, as well as during facing work, building materials of non.Standard forms and dimensions are often required quite often. Therefore, every employee who is dealing with similar works should know exactly how to cut a brick and how to correctly carry out this operation. In this article we will talk about the devices that will help in this matter.

Features of brick cutting

Brick. Strong wall material that can withstand multi.Ton static loads. But it also characterizes fragility and brittleness. Therefore, a peorator or jack of a hammer is not suitable for cutting ceramic products. The thinner and more acute the cutting surface will be, the more it will turn out to be a cut, and the less chance of the appearance of chips.

The key to high.Quality cut. Reliable fixation of brick. To do this, you can use both special devices and improvised means. Before work, you need to moisturize the product well. This will help to avoid the abundance of dust in the process of cutting.

A wide variety of tools for cutting wall products can be divided into two groups: manual and electric. You can use them both at a construction site and at home.

In order to get a brick of a certain form, you need to make some efforts. First you should take the necessary security measures. You need to purchase protective glasses. They are needed so that brick crumbs do not get into the eyes. You will also need gloves and respirator.

There are the following methods of cutting brick:

The process of cutting brick consists of several technological stages. In order for the incision to get even, you should first mark the markings. The dimensions verified in advance are applied to the surface of the brick using a ruler and chalk. You can not start an incision exclusively along the marking line. So you can get a part of a brick that does not correspond to the right size and shape. Cuts should be made taking into account the error of 1, 2 cm.

Close.Free bricks of a non.Standard shape manually

The easiest way to obtain a non.Standard brick is a manual cutting. The operation to crack a brick is simple to execute. For work, the master will need a medium.Sized hammer and a regular chisel. The work should adhere to the next order of actions.

To ensure stability, brick should be put on a flat surface. A fishing line for a trimmer of marking is applied to the workpiece with chalk. Further, perpendicular to the surface of the brick, the knot is applied downwardly. Then you should make a sharp blow to the tool. If everything was done correctly, the brick should split into two identical halves.

Unfortunately, this method has many disadvantages. In particular, it is impossible to determine in advance how smoothly the brick will split, even if everything was done correctly. In addition, the newly formed brick line is not perfectly flat. Its uneven edges have to be hidden inside the masonry.

Much higher quality can be achieved if you use special tools for cutting. There is no need to cut bricks for masonry perfectly rectangular shape. It is enough for the facets of brick to be smooth. Unfortunately, due to the heterogeneity of the structure, the brick may not split along the marking line, or completely crush.

Cutting brick with a circular saw

Circular saw is perfect for even cutting bricks. The tool is originally designed for logging work. For a tog to prepare a saw for cutting solid bricks, you need to replace a working disk with it. The disk for cutting solid materials should be an abrasive circle reinforced with fiberglass, designed to cut steel. To work with brick, the K480stzb model is perfect.

Make sure that the cutting edge of the working disk protrudes above the table of the circular saw for 7 cm. Then you should set the required size using the line. When you turn on the circular saw, you need to smoothly bring the brick to the cutting edge of the saw. Cut the material should smoothly, without pressing the tool, avoiding sharp jerks.

Cutting brick corner grinders

In small.Scale production, brick is cut using an angular grinding machine called a corner grinder. A 2 kW tool is suitable for working with bricks. Immediately before work, you should choose the right working disk for cutting. A diamond or abrasive discs is used to work with bricks.

Cutting bricks with a corner grinder is easy to perform. To ensure the better quality of cutting, the tool should be equipped with a special clamping bed. Using this device, the angular grinder can be firmly fixed on the lever. A brick workpiece is laid in a special recess. This ensures the complete immobility of building materials, which allows you to produce not only straight cuts, but also cuts at an angle.

Cutting with a gas tank

Benzorezer is an autonomous circular saw of compact dimensions, designed for cutting metal, stone, concrete and other solid objects. Unlike a conventional circular saw, the benzorer is equipped with a powerful electric motor. The engine sets in motion cutting disks of very large sizes, which allows you to cut the brick almost instantly. The device of a bulky design has quite large sizes, it is inconvenient in transportation.

Cutting disk in a gas tank resembles a corner grinder. The tool has sufficient power to cut large volumes of brick. A by.Product of work with a gas tank is an accumulation of particles of brick dust in the air, and therefore it is recommended to use a respirator in work.

Cutting on the machine

In production, where it is required to perform a large amount of work, special machines are used to cut bricks. Brick cutting machines are universal equipment designed to perform large.Scale tasks in the conditions of the production cycle. Work on the machine allows you to cut a high level of accuracy. The brick cutting machine includes the following structural elements:

The operations on the machine are performed with a high degree of accuracy, while the release of brick dust into the air is minimal. The irrigation system of working parts of the machine does not allow it to rise into the air. Cut the brick on a special machine is not difficult, the work does not require special skills. Work on the machine is carried out in a strictly defined sequence.

Rules of cutting various tools

When working with a hammer and a chisel, you need to act in the following order: the sharp part of the chisel is attached to the cut line and methodically tap with a hammer until the brick split occurs. The advantage of this method is the availability and cheapness of the tool. The disadvantage is that the plane of the cut is rough. To give both planes of smoothness they will have to be sanded or rubbed against each other.

See also  How to saw plexiglass at home

Manual tiles is used to work with facing brick. Its advantage is the ability to cut at complex angles and make thin records that are indispensable at the final stage of the cladding. The lack of this tool is the inability to work with standard bricks.

How to Split or Cut Brick Without a Saw

Laser cutting brick

To tease openings in a brick wall, laser equipment is used. The compactness of modern lasers provides the possibility of their delivery and work at any construction site.

Laser cutting is an expensive process, the success of which depends on the following factors:

  • Type of brickwork;
  • Section geometry;
  • The thickness of the cut wall;
  • The presence of reinforcement;
  • Water supply and electrical support for the construction facility.

Cutting with a laser requires preliminary calculations of cost and efficiency. Due to the high cost and complexity of execution at home, it is practically not used.

Cutting brick corner grinder

Corner grinder is an ideal tool for working at home, if there is electricity on the facility. It saves cutting time compared to a manual tool several times. The main rule during work is the use of personal protective equipment. The brick should be reliably fixed on the table or workbench.

Special brick cutting machine

It is the best solution for curly cutting, because it allows you to set any geometry of the saw. The cutting parts have factory sharpening and special spraying, which guarantee minimal tolerances for separated surfaces and the absence of chips.

Using a gasoline cutter

The difference between the tool and the corner grinder is that it does not work on electricity, but on gasoline. There are also gas tanks with a chain instead of a cutting disk on stone. All cutting parts of the gasoline cutter are covered with diamond spraying, which increases their service life.

How and how to cut a brick?

During any construction work associated with brickwork, you can not do without cutting bricks. When building walls, furnaces, fireplaces, with facing and other masonry work, an irregular.Shaped unit or non.Standard size can be needed.

How to cut brick using various tools

Previously, the question of cutting bricks did not arise, because it was simply cut with the help of a pick. But now there are a lot of construction tools that allows cutting blocks quickly and accurately.

During the cut of this building material, a lot of dust is formed, so you need to always use personal protective equipment: a respirator, fabric gloves, plastic glasses. According to safety regulations, all electrical equipment must have grounding.

To get an accurate and even cut, you need to apply the necessary marking to the processed object. The necessary dimensional lines are applied to the plane of brick with a pencil with a pencil with a ruler and a square.

Cutting with a gas tank

A special circular saw of an independent type equipped with a gasoline engine is called a gas tank. This tool has a large mass and size, so for piece cutting of ceramic brick, it is not very convenient. Cutting tool used in a gas tank can be two types: wheels or chains. Both types of equipment are made with diamond spraying.

The saw, equipped with a disk, resembles a corner grinder (only larger). When installing the circuit, the tool is similar to a chainsaw. Due to its power, such a saw is more suitable for cutting openings and niches in brickwork, as well as in dismantling. Benzorezoresis is able to cope with the walls of almost any thickness. A big plus is the equipment of this equipment for a forced water supply system to the cutting area, which eliminates dust.

Cutting brick corner grinder

When performing a small volume of cutting brick, a corner grinder is a good solution. It is recommended to use angular grinding machines with a capacity of 2 kW. But you should not take too powerful, because they are extremely bulky and heavy.

The most convenient for this are models in which it is possible to use circles with a diameter of 23 cm. The cutting equipment of smaller diameter is also suitable, but using it is not too convenient, t. To. The disk does not pass for the entire thickness of the block. The workpiece will need to be turned over, while the accuracy and quality of processing will suffer, the performance will significantly decrease.

Technically, the method of cutting bricks with a corner grinder does not represent much difficulties. But it is important to hold the tool correctly. It must have a reliable fixation, in which the cutting edge is strictly perpendicular to the processed surface. In an inexperienced person, it is unlikely that you can immediately make an even cut, so you should first practice. It is necessary to take into account the width of the cutting edge and the backlash of the tool.

Experts advise to use a special clamping bed for angular grinder to improve the quality of cutting. In this device, the workpiece is fixed in an individual recess, and the angular grinder is rigidly fixed on the lever. The fixed fastening of the brick block allows you to easily cut it along, across and at any angle. Details on

Diamond cutting brick

In order to obtain a flat cut surface without cracks and chips, diamond cutting brick is used. Such work is carried out by corner grinding, but using a special diamond cutting tool. Any work in which such equipment appears are considered a diamond sharp. The difference between these cutting elements is that they have diamond spraying on the working part.

For cutting brick blocks, it is better to use diamond discs, t. To. They ensure the safety of work and have a long service life. Use diamond cutting with a more powerful professional tool is economically impractical.

Manual tile cutter

When there is a need to cut thin pieces of facing brick, you can use a hand tile. It will be convenient when carrying out finishing work, when pieces of brick with non.Standard dimensions and angles may be needed.

The use of tile cutters

With forceps you can give a brick an arbitrary figure shape: perform a bevel, rounding, etc. The tool is suitable for thin and painstaking work.

Cutting brick using a special machine

A specialized machine for cutting bricks is effective in case of large.Scale work. It allows you to carry out all manipulations as quickly and efficiently as possible. Due to the presence of an irrigation system during processing on such a special machine, a minimum amount of brick dust is thrown into the surrounding air. But this equipment has a fairly high price, so its use for single work is unprofitable.

Some craftsmen make machines with their own hands. To do this, build a structure from a bed (support) and cutting equipment (circular saw, corner grinder). The equipment should be securely fixed and before starting work to control the serviceability.

Varieties of brick

Brick has been used in construction since ancient times. It is distinguished by enviable strength and durability. There are a fairly large number of types of bricks depending on the material from which it is made, as well as on what it is planned to be built (walls, furnaces, etc.).

Red brick

Classic brick, made of special varieties of clay and burned in a stove at high temperature, is called red for its color. It is widely used in various areas of construction and in the construction of individual residential buildings. The material can be cut at home with several tools that allow this to do this with the production of products that differ in a high level of accuracy. The cutting tool is more often a diamond circle. The appearance of the final structure largely depends on what to cut.

Tunnel kiln for fire bricks production

Hand.Shaped facing brick

A distinctive feature of the brick manually is its unusual and attractive appearance. Used for facing work. However, it is quite expensive, therefore, in order to save money, the cutting of a hand.Shaped brick is practiced in half along the length of the block. So it will take 2 times less material. Cutting is carried out with a diamond tool.

See also  How to remove a stator from a corner grinder. How to call the stator of the angular grinding machine

How and how to cut a brick

In the process of construction, there is very often a need for the use of not entire brick blocks, but only their parts. For this, the process of the river is used. You can’t do without it if we are talking about the preparation of door and window openings. With what equipment is cutting holes in a brick wall or individual blocks?

Varieties of the tool

The following equipment can be used to dissect the bricks:

For home conditions, when it is necessary to cut several blocks, a corner grinder is quite suitable. If we are talking about large.Scale production in this case, stone.Cutting machines are used. It is also often necessary to redesign the premises, displacement of door and window openings, demolition of partitions.

brick, home, production

The question arises. How to cut a brick wall? For such work, benzorer and laser equipment are suitable for such work.

The work of a corner grinder

This tool is used not only in everyday life, but also by builders in small.Scale production. This choice is due to profitability, that is, there is no need to purchase special machines if they are not 100% involved in.

For work, you will need the following tools and devices:

The choice of cutting circles

In order to completely cut out the brick block, it is necessary to choose circles with a diameter of 230 mm, and a size of 125 mm is better for finalizing the surface. Discs are divided into several categories. Two types are produced for stone:

  • Abrasive. Such discs are prone to rapidly stuck, so the maximum cut depth can be performed only at the initial stage. High.Quality interchangeable circles are performed with double reinforcement along the edge of 3 mm in size. The undoubted plus is a low cost, but working with such details is dangerous, because they can be deformed and collapsed in the process of cutting.
  • Diamond. This is a more expensive option, but circles with diamond spraying will ensure a long service life and safety of work. Also, such a disk retains its original size and does not grind.

Diamond cutting of openings in a brick wall is especially appropriate. The abrasive option is not suitable for such work. Diamond discs are divided into three subspecies, depending on the parameters of the edge. It happens:

Continuous edge. Such discs have the following advantages:

But their use is associated with a short service life and overheating of the work surface.

Segment edge. It is a separate areas that are separated by radial cuts. This subspecies of discs are most used, because the segment edge allows you to ventilate the cut area. This condition does not cause the working surface. The restriction in the use is wet cutting of brick walls, because on segments they will stick waste and reduce the quality of cutting.

Turbocharged edge. Such discs are suitable for any type of stone. The efficiency of their work is ensured by the gear edge. The teeth located in spirals allow you to be well diverted like dry waste. Of the above subspecies, discs with a turbocharged edge have the highest rigidity and strength.

The technological process of cutting

It can be divided into two main stages:

Each process has its own characteristics, which must be taken into account in order to obtain even cut with the right shape and size.

Marking. It is performed using a ruler. The necessary sizes are applied to the surface of the block. But cutting along the dimensional lines is not recommended. Many construction cutters, including corner grinders have such a thing as the backlash of the cutting element. If you perform a slot exactly along the marked line, you will receive part of the brick, which will not correspond to the necessary sizes, but will be shorter.

To avoid such inaccuracies, it is necessary to perform a reserve for a tool for a 1-2 mm tool. You can immediately apply a dimensional fishing line for a trimmer, taking into account this error or retreat from the exact size during the cutting process.

Cutting process. The work of a corner grinder does not represent much difficulties, but requires certain skills. If you use this tools for the first time, then you should practice black material, because you are unlikely to be inexperienced by inexperienced hands. Also, the direction can be discounted using a shallow cut, made by marking.

The main points when working with a corner grinder:

  • It is advisable to carry out the cutting process outside the room, because there is a large dust formation.
  • The tool during cutting the unit must be kept in strictly perpendicular position.

An important point! Put a wooden block or another stone under a cut brick block. After cutting the brick, the disk will enter the material of the same density that it will significantly reduce its service life.

  • Do not pressure on the corner grinding in the process of cutting, the work must be carried out under your own weight of the tool.
  • If the diameter of the circle is not enough for the complete separation of the block, then it is necessary to carry out cuts around the entire perimeter. Then the excess is beaten off with milk and the cut plane is aligned.

We offer to watch a video on cutting brick corner grinders:

Using a gasoline cutter

This tool has a powerful gasoline engine, which allows you to cut stone blocks of any thickness.

You can dissect not only piece products, but also cut the brick wall with a gas tank.

The tool in shape resembles an angular grinder, only increased sizes. As a cutting element for gas tanks, discs or chains with diamond spraying are used. Increased cutter capacities allow you to withstand heavy loads.

brick, home, production

Work with the disk is carried out using the same technology as when using a corner grinder. And replacing it with a chain provides cutting with a tool of any wall thickness.

The advantage of gas tanks is its compactness in comparison with stoneware machines. The carrier can be performed in constrained conditions. Diamond cutting of brick walls is carried out without dust, because the equipment is equipped with water supply to the cut site.

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How and how to cut a brick?

During any construction work associated with brickwork, you can not do without cutting bricks. When building walls, furnaces, fireplaces, with facing and other masonry work, an irregular.Shaped unit or non.Standard size can be needed.

How to cut brick using various tools

Previously, the question of cutting bricks did not arise, because it was simply cut with the help of a pick. But now there are a lot of construction tools that allows cutting blocks quickly and accurately.

During the cut of this building material, a lot of dust is formed, so you need to always use personal protective equipment: a respirator, fabric gloves, plastic glasses. According to safety regulations, all electrical equipment must have grounding.

To get an accurate and even cut, you need to apply the necessary marking to the processed object. The necessary dimensional lines are applied to the plane of brick with a pencil with a pencil with a ruler and a square.

brick, home, production

Cutting with a gas tank

A special circular saw of an independent type equipped with a gasoline engine is called a gas tank. This tool has a large mass and size, so for piece cutting of ceramic brick, it is not very convenient. Cutting tool used in a gas tank can be two types: wheels or chains. Both types of equipment are made with diamond spraying.

The saw, equipped with a disk, resembles a corner grinder (only larger). When installing the circuit, the tool is similar to a chainsaw. Due to its power, such a saw is more suitable for cutting openings and niches in brickwork, as well as in dismantling. Benzorezoresis is able to cope with the walls of almost any thickness. A big plus is the equipment of this equipment for a forced water supply system to the cutting area, which eliminates dust.

See also  How to cut a carpet with a long pile

Cutting brick corner grinder

When performing a small volume of cutting brick, a corner grinder is a good solution. It is recommended to use angular grinding machines with a capacity of 2 kW. But you should not take too powerful, because they are extremely bulky and heavy.

The most convenient for this are models in which it is possible to use circles with a diameter of 23 cm. The cutting equipment of smaller diameter is also suitable, but using it is not too convenient, t. To. The disk does not pass for the entire thickness of the block. The workpiece will need to be turned over, while the accuracy and quality of processing will suffer, the performance will significantly decrease.

Technically, the method of cutting bricks with a corner grinder does not represent much difficulties. But it is important to hold the tool correctly. It must have a reliable fixation, in which the cutting edge is strictly perpendicular to the processed surface. In an inexperienced person, it is unlikely that you can immediately make an even cut, so you should first practice. It is necessary to take into account the width of the cutting edge and the backlash of the tool.

Experts advise to use a special clamping bed for angular grinder to improve the quality of cutting. In this device, the workpiece is fixed in an individual recess, and the angular grinder is rigidly fixed on the lever. The fixed fastening of the brick block allows you to easily cut it along, across and at any angle. Details on

Diamond cutting brick

In order to obtain a flat cut surface without cracks and chips, diamond cutting brick is used. Such work is carried out by corner grinding, but using a special diamond cutting tool. Any work in which such equipment appears are considered a diamond sharp. The difference between these cutting elements is that they have diamond spraying on the working part.

For cutting brick blocks, it is better to use diamond discs, t. To. They ensure the safety of work and have a long service life. Use diamond cutting with a more powerful professional tool is economically impractical.

Manual tile cutter

When there is a need to cut thin pieces of facing brick, you can use a hand tile. It will be convenient when carrying out finishing work, when pieces of brick with non.Standard dimensions and angles may be needed.

The use of tile cutters

With forceps you can give a brick an arbitrary figure shape: perform a bevel, rounding, etc. The tool is suitable for thin and painstaking work.

Cutting brick using a special machine

A specialized machine for cutting bricks is effective in case of large.Scale work. It allows you to carry out all manipulations as quickly and efficiently as possible. Due to the presence of an irrigation system during processing on such a special machine, a minimum amount of brick dust is thrown into the surrounding air. But this equipment has a fairly high price, so its use for single work is unprofitable.

Some craftsmen make machines with their own hands. To do this, build a structure from a bed (support) and cutting equipment (circular saw, corner grinder). The equipment should be securely fixed and before starting work to control the serviceability.

Varieties of brick

Brick has been used in construction since ancient times. It is distinguished by enviable strength and durability. There are a fairly large number of types of bricks depending on the material from which it is made, as well as on what it is planned to be built (walls, furnaces, etc.).

Red brick

Classic brick, made of special varieties of clay and burned in a stove at high temperature, is called red for its color. It is widely used in various areas of construction and in the construction of individual residential buildings. The material can be cut at home with several tools that allow this to do this with the production of products that differ in a high level of accuracy. The cutting tool is more often a diamond circle. The appearance of the final structure largely depends on what to cut.

Hand.Shaped facing brick

A distinctive feature of the brick manually is its unusual and attractive appearance. Used for facing work. However, it is quite expensive, therefore, in order to save money, the cutting of a hand.Shaped brick is practiced in half along the length of the block. So it will take 2 times less material. Cutting is carried out with a diamond tool.

Using a corner grinding machine

How to cut a brick with a corner grinder correctly? To conduct the operation, you need to take a model that is designed to use a disk with a diameter of 230 mm. The use of Bulgarians with smaller circles will lead to a decrease in the accuracy of work and performance. The cutting element will not be able to pass the entire thickness of the product, the blocks will have to turn over. Recommended tool power. 2 kW.

When choosing a disk type. Abrasive or diamond, you need to take into account the pros and cons of their use. The first option is cheaper, but loses in safety and durability. Diamond circles are made on the basis of strong steel, so they are reliable, not cracking, characterized by a long service life.

Full-bodied brick of cross-format

The product is used only for cladding, has an unusual shape. The length is more than 29 cm, the width is about 4 cm. You can cut such a brick with a saw, corner grinder. Electric jigsaw and other above tools.

brick, home, production

Facing hollow brick

Building materials are characterized by the presence of internal voids, which often make up about half of its mass. On the form on sale, you can find a variety of options (with ready.Made bevels or rounding), so the craftsmen often do not have to cut. If such a need arises, then any tools with diamond cutting elements are suitable.

Brick wall. 6 unusual options. Interior Design. Meble.PL

Unprocessed walls in the apartment are a very interesting interior design topic that regularly returns and is fashionable. It may seem that in order to emphasize the charm of a brick wall, high and impressive interiors are needed, because it is there that such walls look best. However, you can safely be seduced by such a decision of the arrangement in a small apartment.

What to look for when laying a brick wall?

Assess several brilliantly prepared arrangements.

The first, extremely thin and delicate interior is a bedroom from a title photo. The walls were cleaned of plaster and a beautiful wall structure was exposed.

The bedroom is decorated in a single beige colors, which perfectly harmonizes with the walls. Soft bed with a high headboard is a highlight of the room. The elegance of the composition emphasizes the stylish bench and comfortable chair. An attractive and practical detail is a high standing mirror.

Due to the large amount of natural light and warm colors, the interior is very charming and cozy.

Brick of various shades of brown is an ideal background for modern cuisine. Simple white cabinets provide enough space for storing all the necessary kitchen accessories, and the system of modern boxes facilitates access to them.

Bricks at the height of the furnace are covered with a glass.Window that protects them from dirt, which can occur during cooking.

The whole interior perfectly combines traditional and modern design. A classic wooden table and chairs with a beautiful brick wall is a traditional theme of this composition, and modern kitchen cabinets and a brilliant steel hood are modern accents in the interior.

In general, a very functional and very attractive space for the family is created.

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