With what and how to cut tiles at home: angle grinder, machine, guillotine

The question of how to cut paving slabs, relevant to all those involved in the arrangement of the outdoor area, creates a garden or walkways, installing coverings of different types of the material. Installing tiles without cutting is nearly impossible. there will still be areas where you need to install a smaller or different shaped section, especially when it comes to shaped tiles.

Incorrect cutting of paving slabs can lead not only to considerable financial costs (the larger and more complex by configuration the area of the paving surface, the more tiles will be cut and, accordingly, waste when the task is performed incorrectly), but also risk to health, life. Using the tool assumes knowledge of safety rules and peculiarities of work performance.

In many ways, the difficulty of cutting influences the shape of the tiles: square and rectangular tiles are easier to mark and cut than waves, hexagons, Z profile, etc.д. In the process of laying paving stone usually forms certain patterns, ornaments, requiring a careful adjustment of elements by size. In addition, you need to be able to properly process and edge of the cut tiles, so that the coating was neat and aesthetically pleasing.

Tools for cutting tiles are used in different ways, the choice depends on the availability of skills of the master, the type of tiles, the conditions and peculiarities of the work. But first of all, you need to study all existing technologies.

A neatly laid paving tile

What to cut the paving tiles with. tips and methods

Cutting paving tiles is not uncommon in its improvement of the territory of a country house: sometimes you need to correct the height or width. Especially relevant is the problem of trimming in the case of oval paths or the presence of their roundings. Everyone decides for himself than to cut paving slabs, there are two ways: how to cut paving slabs with an angle grinder, and using a guillotine.

Tip. When purchasing tiles, add a 5% reserve for possible breakage, marriage and for training.

  • The first stage of trimming will be a marking with a pencil and a ruler. Chopped, but solid tiles can be used.
  • Marking the entire tile and laying it.
  • Direct trimming.
  • Trimming with an angle grinder (power of which must be at least 2 kW) is performed when more accurate and precise work is needed. When working, always use headphones and safety glasses to prevent splinters from getting into the eyes and to protect your ears from loud noise. If you have a heavy cut, you can periodically sprinkle sand on the tile.

For trimming, a diamond wheel with the opposite direction of rotation is installed on the angle grinder. Hold the angle grinder while standing either behind or at the side of the grinder, do not apply too much pressure. The tiles must be protected from dust (covered), otherwise it will be very difficult to sweep the dust from the pressed tiles.

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Trimming with the guillotine is used if small irregularities in the work are tolerated. Eye and ear protection are not compulsory, and there is much less waste than after working with an angle grinder. This way you can cut tiles only in a straight line.

Grinding at uneven edges with sandpaper or chipping defects with a chisel.

A clear example of how to cut paving tiles. a video of the very process of working with a guillotine, see below. This will be a good help in the business.

Brick cutting

Brick is a common material in construction. It often needs to be adjusted to size, carrying out repair work in the home. In this case, cutting bricks with an angle grinder is a very frequent operation. For its implementation will be required, in addition to working power tools with cutting discs, more such devices:

The entire process of cutting brick blocks is accompanied by considerable dust formation, so you should take care to protect your respiratory organs and eyes from dust. You should use goggles and a respirator, or a full face mask. Hands must be protected with gloves.

To work with little or no dust, it is necessary to regularly sprinkle water on the place of the cut.

The cutting process itself consists of several steps:

  • Drawing chalk or pencil lines with a ruler or square;
  • Cutting bricks, in which a circle must pass near the marked line to provide the required size of the piece of brick.

Under the sawn brick it is recommended to put a board to work more conveniently and not to damage the flooring. There is no need to apply pressure to the power tool when cutting a brick block. A small amount of force is sufficient. When working with wheels of insufficient diameter for a complete cut, the cut is made along the marked perimeter. Use a hammer to tap out the excess material, and then grind it.

Work efficiency and quality of the end result can be improved by using a special frame. It allows you to securely fasten the angle grinder and brick block. Bricks can be sawn not only lengthwise or crosswise, but also at different angles. This setup is shown in the following photo.

To resaw the brick at once, without turning it over, you should use circles with a disc diameter of 230 mm. It is easier to work on cut areas if the size of the nozzle is 125 mm. If such a relatively small disk to cut blocks, the quality of the result will be largely determined by the skill of the cutter. This also increases cutting time and reduces productivity.

Cutting peculiarities

In general, the cutting of paving tiles is a process of cutting a concrete block with m granite rubble with a thickness of 20 to 80 mm. Slabs must be cut both along the element, and across, as well as at an angle. Cutting lengths can vary from 10 to 60 cm, but the most common lengths are in the 10-30 cm range. Treated concrete has a dense structure, as it is made by vibrocompression and contains a filler in the form of granite (or other) crushed stone of medium and small fractions.

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Paving tile shapes and sizes.

The whole process of obtaining an element of the required size can be divided into several stages: marking, cutting and processing of the cut. The complexity of the process and its volume depends on the type of surface to be laid out. If a simple row laying of standard rectangular bars (bricks, paving stones) is provided, then the task is simplified. only the transverse cutting of tiles is required.

A more complicated problem arises when forming a specific ornament, and even in different colors. In this case, it is important to accurately mark the tiles, since the paving tiles will have to be cut in different directions, in t.ч. At different angles, and it is difficult to do without the final finishing of the element directly at its laying.

The most difficult task is a corner cut-out for inserting an element. This kind of cutting is rarely done, but when creating a pattern, the possibility of it is not excluded. This process is carried out with a hand tool, such as a hacksaw for metal.

When planning to cut concrete tiles, you should immediately think about protective measures. During the high-speed process, a huge amount of tiny harmful dust rises, from which it is necessary to protect the eyes, faces. Work must be carried out with a respirator, goggles, and it is advisable to cover your ears with headphones. It will not be superfluous to protect the whole body with tight, closed clothes.

Necessary tool

To quickly perform the work and get a quality result, it is recommended to prepare all the necessary tools in advance:

  • Guillotine knife (instead of it, you can take a special electric circular saw);
  • An angle grinder;
  • Diamond disc (a grinding disc may also be required);
  • chisel;
  • hammer;
  • Metal hacksaw;
  • file;
  • knife;
  • sandpaper;
  • tape measure;
  • building pencil;
  • A metal ruler (if necessary, a protractor).

Brick saw blades

Cutting discs for cutting brick blocks should be chosen correctly. Suitable discs are divided into two categories:

The main advantage of the first group is their relatively low cost. But abrasive blades need to be replaced frequently because they fail.

Abrasive blades can break while you are working, or crack, deforming. there are dangers in their use.

Diamond wheels are considered the best option for cutting brick blocks. They are made of steel of strong grades. These tools have a longer service life. They are safer than their abrasive analogues. There are several kinds of diamond discs:

The products in the first group are low priced. But they wear out quicker and get hotter than their other counterparts. The segmented discs have a better way to get the brick particles out of the cut. They also heat up slowly. This variety is a good option when cutting is done dry.

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The serrated edge group of bits has the best strength characteristics of the other varieties. They are used in both wet and dry cutting methods. They have a long service life.

Basic tool

For fast work and quality results it is recommended to prepare all the necessary tools in advance:

  • Guillotine knife (you can take a special electric circular saw instead);
  • Grinding machine;
  • Diamond disc (sanding may also be required);
  • Chisel;
  • Hammer;
  • Metal hacksaw;
  • File;
  • With;
  • Sandpaper;
  • A tape measure wheel;
  • Construction pencil;
  • Metal ruler (if necessary, conveyor).

Sawing concrete without dust

At the construction site and during home repairs often have to cut the concrete with an angle grinder. You can’t do without this very dusty procedure, especially when installing concealed wiring. To perform the work, the tool is equipped with solid or segmented diamond discs of various diameters. The size of the circles depends on both the power tool model used and the required cutting depth.

To cut a small unreinforced concrete block without dust or to make a chink, proceed as follows

  • on the working surface with a pencil or marker marking lines;
  • the marked area with a nearby zone with a sprayer or brush (even a rag) wet with water, which then periodically water the cut furrow;
  • saw the concrete, regularly removing the disc and cooling it with water.

Cutting concrete with the considered wet cutting method does not completely get rid of dust. It requires constant irrigation.

To saw concrete without the formation of dust, some masters use a special homemade casing, which is practically airtight. Use a connected vacuum cleaner for dust extraction.

Cutting bricks, glass, concrete, wood, plywood and the other materials mentioned above must be performed using personal protective equipment: goggles, respirator or mask, headphones. Clothing and shoes must also be appropriate.

The angle grinder in use must be in good working order. Use a quality cutting wheel without defects for sawing. The discs and the power tool itself should be inspected before work is performed. Perform sawing with a comfortable, stable body position.

Do not consume drugs or alcoholic beverages while working. General well-being should also be normal. The angle grinder must be kept under control at all times, because it can cause very serious injury. In this case, the more powerful the device, the more attentive, careful and cautious you need to handle it.

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