I cut the smalt into the module with glass cutter and bites, I answer questions from Комментарии и мнения владельцев
In the past, the post has pricked smalt (colored opaque glass) on the machine for different pieces. In this post, I cut the brush with glass cutter and miles for mosaics. This method is suitable for cutting smalt, glass and ceramic tiles up to 8 mm thick. It would also be possible to beat the machine, but it will not be as exactly as glass cutter.
In this post I will also answer several questions asked in the Комментарии и мнения владельцев of the last post and show a little mosaic projects performed.
So, how to cut smaller than in the last video?
The first thing to do is to draw a glass cutter for a trimmer and a special broken broker along the cutting line. The process is shown on
What happened, we usually call bars. Further, it’s easier to work with them and can be cut into the desired module. At the end of the video, an example is shown how to make a circle from the smalt. I did not really try to make the perfect circle, rather to show the very principle of creating a circle from smalt.
Further, from these pieces (you can still call “Tesser”, “module,” pebble “) a mosaic is gathering.
The classic mosaic usually uses only a few main figures of the teser: a square, a rectangle, a trapezoid and a triangle. There may also be auxiliary, but this is more likely an exception.
This is what the mosaic collection looks like:
Фото и видео записаны в нашей студии.
Someone wrote in the Комментарии и мнения владельцев that the size of the cubes is uneven and all different, so in this and the charm. If you make a mosaic of perfectly the same tiles, then liveliness is lost and the mosaic becomes more dry. For example, in this mosaic of smalt, each Tesero is unique and the mosaic becomes more interesting.
There were many photographs of Soviet mosaics in the Комментарии и мнения владельцев on the last post, and there was also a manually tattoos there and each pebble was unique, from this the general view of the mosaic becomes more picturesque.
Mosaic can be made of glass tiles (made in large factories), there each tesero is almost an exact copy of the neighboring, such a mosaic is perceived differently. I’m not saying that she is worse or better, rather she is for other purposes. Such mosaics are more suitable for designing operated walls in the interior (wall in the bathroom, countertop, apron in the kitchen), and mosaics from smalt are usually a purely decorative purpose (design of the building facade, decorative panel, etc.). You probably saw this material in the design of pools, baths, etc., glass mosaic is common in construction. Usually it is on nets 30×30 cm, it can be removed from the nets and make an art mosaic out of it.
An example of an artistic mosaic of glass tiles:
На фото проекты выполненные в нашей мастерской.
So I consider the “clumsy” tesers of the smalt, but features, but of course, within the framework of a reasonable one, and if it emphasizes the author’s idea, and does not contradict her.
Another frequent issue about safety measures howled. I usually stake in smalt without gloves, since in gloves the speed is much less and it will take more time to perform the same work. Sometimes cuts happen, but not particularly often and, as you can see on the video, the hands are not very cut, although I work with glass often and without gloves. If you know how to keep glass so as not to cut, then cuts can be minimized. It will be necessary to write next time “Do not repeat this action without gloves, tricks are performed by professionals (or stuntmen)”
What posts are more interesting to you? There are several main topics that can be lit:
While the posts will be popularly write new and answer your questions from Комментарии и мнения владельцев on past posts
I also tried myself in this type of art. This is the floor in the bathroom. I wanted to stylize under ancient mosaic, but with a not quite ancient image 🙂 I was afraid that the finished product would cut its legs, but no discomfort. This is my first mosaic))))
Right all points in turn must be covered.
It was a couple of months ago at the exhibition Chuck Klose and there are very cool mosaics there
Each hair. This is a correctly cut smart. Sorry, photo quality is so.so.
How To Cut Tiles Without Power Tools
Mosaic panel from the smalt “Enlik Kebek” Kenbaev m., Tsivchinsky n. 1965
Yesterday I made a post about one mosaic on the facade of the Almaty Hotel, today I will show the second mosaic on the same facade.
Post for lovers of mosaic panels.
I found a little information about the plot of the work:
Not all attractions of the southern capital of Kazakhstan are visible at first sight. On the facade of the Almaty Hotel you can find a big mosaic. She will tell you a love story that many know in Kazakhstan.On the beautiful mosaic canvas “Enlik-Kubek” artists of Moldamymet Kenbaev and Nikolai Tsivchinsky were inspired by the Kazakh poem about Dzhigita Kebke and his beloved beauty Enlik.See: here are lovers strive for each other, but in their path an enemy appears, an opponent of Kebec from another kind, who is also in love with a girl. Kebek kills the enemy, but the heroes are still not destined to be together.On the basis of the folk epic of the Classic, Kazakh literature, Mukhtar Auezov, wrote a tragedy, and the artists Kenbaev and Tsivchinsky created their version of the tragic story on the wall of the Almaty Hotel in 1965. Link to the original text
The mosaic is made of a large module’s smalt, often an arbitrary shape.
The mosaic was restored in 2017 under the leadership of Kenbaev Alpamys. (Judging by the surname and patronymic, I will assume that this is the son of the author of the mosaic).
A lot of pink smalt was used in the mosaic panel. This color is very difficult to get and is considered one of the most complex colors of smalt in manufacture. In our Smaltovarn, we still could not get so much pure pink color, although we have already conducted hundreds of experiments to search for it. I hope once we can achieve and find a recipe for such a pure pink color of smalt.
All about cutting tiles with an angle grinding machine
To begin with, the tile cutter is designed to cut the tile. For each of its varieties: thick or thin, more or less strong, you can find a suitable tool model. The main advantage of the tile cutter. it gives an even cut without chips. There is no large amount of dust in the process, the risk of ruining the plate minimum. With an angle grinding machine, everything is wrong.
Corner grinder Makita GA5030
You can cut ceramics with it, the result can be very good. But for this you have to try. It is desirable that there is a skill of working with a grinder, otherwise there is a great risk of spoiling the material. The tool will cut any cladding if you choose the right cutting disk. One must be prepared for the fact that in the process the saw will be very noisy, a lot of dust will rise into the air. a fishing line for a trim of a cut can be chopped.
Nevertheless, home masters choose exactly a corner grinder. The reason is simple: a tile, especially if it is a high.quality and a model that is well.core with work, is expensive. Buying it for the sake of decorating one room is unprofitable. It’s cheaper to trim the angle.grinding tool. You just need to learn how to handle it correctly.
What disk to cut tiles
The tool for the tool is selected for a specific material. Several varieties of discs are suitable for cutting tiles.
Circles made of stone
Cutting element of significant thickness. Due to this, the cut is wide, the amount of dust during work increases. The main disadvantage is the rapid wear of the consumable. over, if chips or other defects appear on it during work, the circle is immediately changed. Otherwise, it can collapse by damaging the processed part and causing harm to a person working with him. Stone discs are the cheapest.
Thin equipment with different processing. For solid materials, select steel with diamond spraying. Such a cutting device easily copes with the task, for a long time does not grind. For cutting, three varieties of steel disks are used.
Choosing equipment for cutting tiles
To understand how to cut the tiles of a corner grinder without chips, you need to find out the criteria for choosing a tool. Since the lining is fragile, it will be correct to perform the operation with a small device with a capacity of up to 1 kW. The possibility of adjusting the speed mode will also be relevant here. Reducing of revolutions may be required to exclude the likelihood of chips with cracks. As a rule, the work occurs at 3-3.5 thousand. rpm.
Relative equipment, it is recommended to choose a circle of 125 mm. A small diameter disk allows you to perform work with greater accuracy. However, it is worth considering that the performance and working resource will be higher with the equipment from 150 mm. That is, for a large.scale project, it is better to consider cutting circles of larger sizes. But the decision should be made taking into account the simultaneous increase in the weight of the power tool.
Consider which disk for corner grinder cut ceramic tiles or porcelain tiles. Masters, as a rule, make a choice in favor of a steel model with diamond spraying.
The thickness of the edge is over 2 mm. Subtle circles are installed in machine equipment, and in the case of manual, there is a high probability of damage to the equipment or facing canvas. The reason is jerking and blows.
For cutting the material, the following options for diamond discs can be used:
- Segmented. The cutting edge here is divided into several areas with small slots. Synthetic diamonds are made on the edges. A similar disk device allows the canvas to cool, which extends working time (sunset) up to 1.5 minutes. A break must be done at idle for 20-30 seconds. Application. dry cut.
- Solid. The circle is continuous, diamond crumbs are applied to the edge. It is better to perform the cutting line for such a disk, cutting is accurate. For cooling effects, water is required. you can moisten the tile.
- Combined. This is a universal disk for cutting ceramic tiles for corner grinders. Inferior to segmented in terms of working time, solid in accuracy.
Masters recommend considering cutting circles taking into account the height of the facing material. The working resource will be higher if the thickness of the tile is smaller than the width of the edge with the spraying. So diamond baby will cope with work longer.
The consideration of the listed is the density and fraction of the synthetic coating. Especially if it is planned to cut a porcelain border or thick tile., It is assumed to perform a large amount of work. In this case, you need to choose disks for wet cut with relatively large diamond chips.
Any cut.out circle must be replaced if damage has appeared on it. Identify them simply. sparks appear from the contact of steel with ceramics. A similar phenomenon can lead either to chips and cracks on the tiles or to breakdown of the disk during operation. The latter is dangerous for the operator. Some masters try to correct the situation by grinding the defect and continue to work. But such equipment is already considered faulty.
Before sawing the tile of the corner grinding without chips using a diamond disk, you need to protect yourself from a large amount of dust with dry crust. Here you need not only gloves and respirator. It is also necessary to use the glasses and protective casing of the tool. The last some masters remove for better visibility, which increases the risk of injury from unforeseen sparking. Here, the solution is a contrasting marker or applying a clear scratched marking (you can use the rod glass cutter).
Cutting the facing material
The tiles are cut in two ways: according to dry or wet methods. The first option is accompanied by plentiful dust and rapid heating of the disk. Therefore, it is necessary to ensure the ventilation of the room and the cut circle here is better to use the segmented.
How To Cut Porcelain Tiles by Hand with Grinder without Chipping. Testing Diamond Blades 4 Tiling
The second method involves water cooling with a continuous cutting edge. Moisturizing the surface of the tile or diving the disk into water is carried out only after the angular grinder is turned off. Special circles on the tiles can be equipped along the outer edge of small protruding Zazubins. They also have a cooling effect during operation.
Methods of cutting
Consider how to properly cut a porcelain tile with a corner grinder without chips. There are only three possible options for cutting tiles: straight, angular cut in cross section and the formation of holes. Each action has its own nuances:
- Even cut is performed on a fixed tile on a plane without curvature. It is convenient to use clamps for this. At the same time, it is better to leave the edges a little by weight.
- Cutting the edges at an angle of 45 degrees or a foothold. First, the rectangular edge is prepared, then the excess is cut off without touching the facial coating. You can flood the slice using a diamond grinding disk or fine.grained sandpaper. You can fix the tile on a workbench or hold in your hands.
- The hole can only be cut out with a corner grinder if its diameter is quite large (from 50-100 mm). In other cases, drill or diamond crown drill is used. The procedure here is the following: applying marking to the front side of the tiles with segmenting the circle in the external step of 2-3 cm, cutting diameters, extracting sectors using pliers or nippers. The remaining areas are cut by analogy. the edge is polished with sandpaper.
Cautious masters recommend cutting the tiles with a corner grinder leaving a small supply to adjust the cutting line with sandpaper. This is justified by the fact that it is almost impossible to completely eliminate the risk of chips. The cut should be carried out on the front side, since defects with the wrong side will be hidden after laying the tile.
The tricks of the tiles
To perform an accurate direct cut to the front surface of the tile, you can attach a metal ruler, a hard profile or a building corner (for example, with clamps). According to the template with a slope to a lighthouse of 10-15 degrees, cutting is carried out. In this case, the pressure on the tile is not.
Another solution is a double cut. First, a furrow is formed to the depth of the facial layer (2-3 mm). Then the rest of the canvas is drank from the wrong side. So the visible edge will have a minimum mechanical effect.
The third option is masking tape. It is glued to the cutting line for the cutting line itself. Insignificant, but adhesive tape reduces the likelihood of the formation of small chips.
How to cut a mosaic
Often the question of how and how to cut mosaic tiles to a dead end not only beginner masters, but also experienced tiles. However, there are several ways to solve this problem. So how to cut a mosaic?
As a rule, mosaic tiles go on sale in the form of paintings attached to a paper or fiberglass base. Separate the right number of tiles with scissors.
Kusachki for a mosaikiosa professional tool for cutting mosaic tiles and to give it the desired shape are special bites. Unfortunately, the ability to cut curly fragments of mosaics comes only with experience. Take the nippers at the very end of the handles. This is necessary in order to create the maximum lever. Place the “head” of the nippers so that it is directed to the fault line. Click the tiles between the index, middle and thumb fingers tightly. Install the nippers on the tile. If you need to cut the tile in half, then you should install the cutting edges of the nippers in its middle. In order to cut off a small piece, you need to capture a small part. Smoothly click on the pens of nippers. Turn the head of the nippers to set the direction of the cut. If the tile is cut uneven. Correct it, “bite off” by vile.There is also another type of forceps for mosaics. Roller nippers. This tool allows the masters to cut the tiles into the smallest parts, and give it absolutely any shape. Working with roller bites requires a certain skill and experience.
Cutting mosaics using bellarkiwall the mosaic strip with scissors. Put it on a flat board and fix it with a transparent tape. Take the corner grinding and gently cut the tile at the right angle. Keep the tool strictly perpendicular to the surface of the tile. The movement should be smooth, without jerks. Reject adhesive tape holding mosaic on the board.
Cut mosaic with roller nippers
Roller bites are considered more advanced equipment. The principle of cutting is similar using ordinary nippers. The only difference is that you can make an incision of tiles before cutting off its piece. Having gained some experience, you will learn how to accurately cut off even small parts of the tiles, what to do using ordinary forceps is very problematic.
It is important to remember that when addressing even simple tools such as forceps or roller nippers, it is necessary to follow the safety rules. In particular, do not forget to wear protective glasses that will help to avoid eye injuries with sharp fragments of tiles.
When purchasing porcelain stoneware for the design of the flooring, you should pay attention not only to its appearance. color and texture, but also to such characteristics as size and caliber. Competent selection of material will help to better carry out finishing work.
In many guidelines for laying tiles, one of the most important moments is paid to the attention. which is glued with ceramic tiles. Glue for tiles can be represented in two qualities: liquid and dry based on cement. designed for independent dilution with water.
When planning repairs in the room, it is important to carefully approach the choice of finishing materials. Fortunately, there are many of them in the modern market, but ceramic tiles are considered the most reliable in terms of right.
New life of old things (part3)
Tool for cutting glass mosaics, ceramic tiles and porcelain tiles. Video MK.
There is a whole line of specialized tools specifically for processing glass mosaics. Such a tool will be especially useful in the manufacture of mosaic panels or decors. Since in this process there is constantly cutting and crushing mosaic chips on smaller pieces, which must be skillfully folded together.
Mosaic cutting is a real test, especially for beginners in this matter. Glass or stone, can behave completely unpredictably, break on the part unplanned in shape and size. Help in proper mosaic processing can be special mitches by mosaic.
There are several types of them. Some are designed for cutting mosaic chips, others for a split (pre.drawn with glass cutter, and then simply torn with specialized forceps)
One of the most popular and necessary tools is roller bites. They are also different in design, but have one principle. One of the most convenient are nippers with a trap of mosaic fragments.
Very convenient invention. During mosaic cutting, fragments like “bullets” can bounce in different directions from the cutting place. Such a bag located on one of the sides does not allow them to fly in different directions. On the other hand, the piece will simply be in the hand. Also, they almost always use a traditional set: it is a knife-prison and a hammer. This kit serves for more detailed processing. The knife-shabby is driven into a bar or paleno to use its cutting line as an auxiliary surface (see. drawing), and with a hammer they give the desired shape.
Safety precautions when cutting tiles with corner grinders.
The first is the work in protective glasses. Ceramics fragments fly out at high speed and often, getting into the eye, get stuck. It is difficult to pull out such a fragment yourself.
Second. During cutting, it is necessary to cut the lower third of the circle, without deepening below the cut more than half of the circle. With non.compliance with this, often, a turbine jump occurs. The consequences are different, from spoiled tiles to hand injury.
Additionally, about the correct cutting of tiles without chips, and the creation of holes in it, using a corner grinder, more in the book.
You can download without any “troubles” by clicking on the picture.
Disadvantages of “corner grinding” when cutting tiles.
The first drawback is increased injuries.
The second drawback is the dust that is formed during operation. This can be considered the main drawback. If the room is completed by finishing work (wallpapering and painting), then it is impossible to cut the tiles with a turbine.
Although, I recently saw a simple solution to such a problem. a cardboard box of a vacuum cleaner:
Questions from letters and consultations in Skype;
On which side to cut the tiles of the corner grinder?
With the front. So there will be fewer chips. When marking and cutting the holes (for example, under the outlet) from the back, chips will be significant and the fishing line for the cutting trimmer will be another. There is a danger that the case will not close the enamel damage along the edges of the hole.
A hole under the outlet. carved from the back of the tile.
What is the power of the corner grinding grinder for cutting tiles?
For cutting tiles, power is not the main indicator. A turbine with minimal power is suitable for this. I already talked about such “Makita GA4530 ″
For cutting tiles, the main speed. The stronger the speed, the cleaner the cutter. And, most importantly, how qualitatively the rotating shaft and the quality of the bearings are made on it.With improper centering or low.quality bearing, vibration begins:
- Pure cut will not work. Chips on the tile will appear.
- Vibration will increase (especially at high speeds), which leads to the destruction of the bearing.
A tool of this quality can only be made on expensive equipment. And a solid company can allow it. But this is not necessarily brands. which are heard. Confirmation of this experience with the mixer of the modest company Fiolent
How to cut off the tile with a corner grinder so that there are no chips?
Cut the ceramic tiles with one corner grinder, it is difficult without chips. This can be done if, at first, using a tile cutter, draw a fishing line for a trimmer by which it is necessary to make a cut. The wheel cuts the upper layer of the tile. enamel, and chips do not form.
But a narrow strip on the tile does not break to the end (or does not break off at all). The rest has to cut off the corner grinder. At the same time, you need to cut it. so that the cut.out circle almost does not touch the line drawn by the detachment roller.
Still, the circle of turbine should cut under a slight inclination (and without touching the cut line).
Further cutting the edge of the tile, you need to finalize the bar. wrapped in fine sandpaper. Large “sandpaper” will make chips on enamel, and small for a long time to process and it quickly falls off. Therefore, the edge of the tile cut under the slope, it is easier to process.
The number (granularity) of the paper is selected experimentally. Paper is attached on a flat wooden bar with a stapler or small nails. The better the bar of the sandpaper? The bar is longer. He not only grinds the edge. but thanks to the long flat plane, the cut off the cut.
Such a bar is enough for half a year of work.
Below is a short video how to cut off the corner grinder and clean the edge of the tile with a “sandpaper”:
How to make a figure breakup
To highlight curly parts from the tiles, special forceps are often used to cut the tiles. If they are not there, you can get by with pliers for one.time work, the technology of the whole procedure is quite simple:
- Make an arched fishing line for a trimmer on a glazed tile surface using an acute tool.
- Perform several cuts from the edge of the tile, not reaching the mark of 5 mm., then carefully squeeze the cut.off fragment sharply with the forceps.
- Do this work in turn with each segment. You can simply squeeze the tiles with pliers, it will begin to crumble and separate along the marking line.
During this process, do not try to immediately break a large piece to increase the pace of work. With such manipulation, a tile’s lift abroad may occur.
Cutting sex tiles
Options how to cut floor tiles is also plenty of. For one.time operation, tools that are available in the home device are useful. It should be noted right away that these options are suitable for cases when masonry is performed by ordinary ceramic or tiles. In the case of porcelain tiles, you will have to contact the store for industrial tiles. For cutting floor tiles, the technology remains the same as for the facade.
As for the tools, their list is no different from that which is intended for wall material.