Hand held tile cutter: how to cut tiles properly?
Working with tiling material or laying paving paths, there is often a need to cut individual elements to the exact size. Such a task is solved with the help of a handheld tile cutter, the criteria for choosing which are offered to your attention in this article.
To determine which handheld tile cutter is best to choose, it is recommended to imagine with what frequency it is planned for use, what working volumes will be mastered, what building materials will have to be cut.
How To Cut Tile With Handheld Tile Cutters
If you purchase a tool for repair work, carried out by your own forces, you should pay attention to manual modifications. They are reasonably priced, they cut tiles with a thickness of one and a half centimeters, they do not make noise while working.
In case a large amount of finishing work is required and a perfect quality of cutting is necessary, especially when tiles of different materials are used, including stone, it is better to immediately buy a tile cutter with an electric drive. This type of tool is more productive, it cuts a thick tile within one minute, making an even cut.
Tiles and ways of cutting it, types of tile cutters
Tile cutter. the first assistant in cutting tiles, giving the desired shape and size. The tile craftsman always has this tool at hand when laying a floor or a ceiling.
The tiles consist of clay, which is pre-fired and covered with a layer of glaze. Tiles are made very simply. The clay is shaped into the desired shape, then slightly dried to fix the volume. The next step is the application of glaze and firing in the oven. Firing in the oven is carried out in order to give the product strength, to make the tiles durable, beautiful and aesthetic. Despite its fragility, the surface does not yield to deformation, does not bend.
Many people wonder how to cut a tile.
How to work with a tile cutter, depends on what kind (manual or electric).
How to cut tiles with handheld models of tile cutters: the steps of cutting
Before starting work, the line for the cut trimmer on the front side is marked with a pencil or marker. Next follows:
- Fix the tiled element relative to the roller with the clamp, which is available in some models. If no such fixture is available, the tile is held in place with the hand.
- Exactly align the roller to the mark.
- Apply lubricant to the cutting element.
- Raise handle. The surface of the cutting element must touch the tile. Move the handle towards yourself, exerting slight pressure at first, then gradually building up pressure. At the end of the cut, the pressure is released.
Attention! If the pressure is too light, the cut is not deep enough; if the pressure is too great, it can cause cracks.
- The tool is equipped with metal jaws that separate the cut tile pieces.
- If necessary, the edges are treated with an abrasive tool.
If you have not used the tool for a long time, or if you are cutting for the first time, it is recommended to practice on defective products or tile waste before using the tile cutter for mass cutting.
Preparing the tool for use
The most important thing at this stage is to check the structural integrity and functionality of the functional organs. All chips and irregularities in the working process can affect the quality of the result. Check the fasteners. such as the flange nut and rail retainers. separately.
It should be calculated and the parameters of cutting, which will depend on the size of the workpiece and the characteristics of the tool itself. A model with a small grip works well with small segments, but thick and large elements require a version with a powerful rail base. And in the second case will be its own nuances of operation.
For example, how to use Dexter manual tile cutter at 730 mm, which is considered one of the most productive in class? It is very important to make sure that the workpiece is securely fastened, and it is better to cut large parts in small segments. For example, when working on porcelain tiles with a thickness of about 14-16 mm a piece of 30 cm should preferably be cut in two approaches by equal parts.
Manual tile cutter
You can do without power tools, because the cut tile and hand-held tile cutter. It is great for working with wall and floor tiles for interior work. With materials for the facade, garden paths, floors in public places, it is not suitable.
The handheld tile cutter is a simple device that consists of:
Before cutting a tile with a tile cutter, it must be marked out. Lay it on the line and fix it in place. In one smooth motion, spend the cutting part on the tile, and then break it.
Some handheld tile cutters have built-in rulers, protractors, thanks to which you can set the cutting angle. The cut will always be straight, you can’t make a round or curved cut.
How to cut tiles with a glass cutter
When laying tiles, there may be difficulties associated with cutting them. It is necessary to know how to cut tiles correctly. Anyone can learn how to do it. You can cut tiles with an ordinary glass cutter.
If you need to cut wall tile. You can use an ordinary glass cutter for this purpose. Do not use diamond wheel glass cutters. Start by marking the tiles with a pencil or marker. Then lay the tile on a flat surface and, exerting even pressure on the glass cutter, roll it from the far edge of the tile towards yourself. It is necessary to do so, so that on enamel remains a visible stripe. You can only make one cut. Next, you only need to break the tile along the line of the cut. For this purpose, put a match or a small nail under it. Lightly press on both sides of the line.
The glass cutter is recommended when the amount of work is small and you can do without the tile cutter. Be aware that it is quite difficult to perform a large amount of work with a glass cutter. If you have more than a dozen tiles to cut, you are better off with a tile cutter. The wheel on the tile cutter differs from the glass cutter. The tile cutter has more. You can use it to make cuts as deep as possible. The tile cutter is very similar to the pliers, as it has a device with which you can break the tile after making the cut.
Both the glass cutter and the tile cutter can easily cut wall tiles. You can also try to use them for cutting floor tiles. You may be able to do it, but for such tiles it is better to buy a stationary tile cutter. It can be used to cut tiles with less loss and more accurately. As a result, it is best to buy a stationary tile cutter at once.
At the moment there is a large selection of tile cutters in stores. However, it is worth considering that tile cutters, which cost less than 500, are of poor quality. A good tile cutter must have a rigid base. The guides must have thick walls.
What kind of nozzle to use
The next important point is the choice of a suitable cutter. Each type of material and tool has its own parameters. When working with ceramic tiles, diamond tile cutters are recommended. The angle grinder and electric plate cutter have a disk, the jigsaw has a sprayed wire, the glass cutter has a diamond pebble.
Less resistant materials can not withstand the tile or will grind very quickly.
What kind of disc is used for the angle grinder? A dry cutting nozzle can be used. The electric tile cutter has more choices. It all depends on the type of construction. When the tool works on the principle of a simple circular saw, a dry disc is enough. If the machine has a reservoir of water, such a nozzle is not suitable, replace it with a disc for wet cutting. The advantage of this method is that there is not a lot of dust and dirt.
Cutting with a manual tile cutter
Electric tile cutter
Tile cutting with an angle grinder (diamond saw)
Electric angle grinder can cut tiles in a straight line, do rounded lines on the edges, cut round holes from 7 cm in diameter.
As you can see, it’s not that complicated. You just have to find the best option. If you are just renovating your apartment, you can get by with a regular glass cutter. And if tile laying is your main livelihood, it’s certainly better to have a powerful electric torch.