What is better: a single-axle tractor or a cultivator
Although both mechanisms are similar, as well as their functions, in practice they are different machines. If you want, you can hang some attachments on the cultivator and increase its functionality, but the technique is fundamentally different.
Design: the differences of the two units
The first thing that catches your eye when assessing these two mechanisms is that the single-axle tractor is more massive, heavier and looks more solid. It is true that if the cultivator is gasoline-powered, its size and weight catch up with a small single-axle tractor.
What is the difference between a single axle tractor and a cultivator
- Cultivator is designed for processing the top layer of soil. A small cutter rotates, pulling the entire structure. Cultivator attachments allow you to loosen, dip, weed and dig. That is. to carry out basic work in the garden.
- A single-axle tractor moves independently, the wheel shaft is driven. Actually, it is a minitractor front end, so it drives forward and backward by itself, and when the wheels are blocked, it turns on the spot. It is a small vehicle. And the additional attachments allow to carry out not only gardening and garden work. With a power tiller you can do all the soil work, as well as sowing and mowing, removing snow and leaves, transporting small loads.
Engine. what is the difference and types
Mothoblocs are produced only with internal combustion engines, electric motors are not used. There are bigger and more powerful. on a diesel engine with water cooling. Smaller ones. with a 4-stroke engine, air cooling. And there are all kinds of cultivators. light and compact electric and massive, gasoline, diesel.
Four-stroke models are more progressive. they are more powerful and more economical due to oil pumping from a special sump. Two-stroke models are cheaper, but they are louder, less economical with oil and have dirtier exhaust emissions.
PTO or who needs additional features
The power tiller has an important advantage. the universal joint shaft. Different attachments can be attached to the base machine to widen the range of functions.
Cutter bits for power tillers
Cutter bits are essential for tilling the ground. The processing quality depends on the machine model and the complexity of the procedure.
A power tiller is included with the power tiller. But when the working width and depth need to be increased, the machine needs to be equipped with the appropriate elements. Also, the use of additional equipment makes it easier to move the power tiller forward and increases its service life.
For processing clayey soil, experts recommend using two pairs of tillers. Depth can be changed by adjusting the opener, which is a sturdy construction located vertically in the hitch of the power tiller. In this case, the final depth of loosening will directly depend on the diameter of the milling-cultivator.
To better understand the principle of operation of special equipment, to begin with, it is worth to understand the main types of cutters, among which you can distinguish two types of design:
Sabre-shaped rotary tillers for the tiller are currently the most popular. it is a universal type of design, characterized by high efficiency. This model has an optimal shape. Feet, as a rule, are made of high-quality strong steel. In addition, the material is additionally subjected to thermal hardening, as well as high-frequency current treatment.
The goosefoot design is normally used for hard ground. This type of mechanism is indestructible. This type of product proves effective in fighting weeds and tilling virgin land. Their main disadvantage is the material of which the equipment is made. Carbon steel has the most direct influence on the strength of the product, so you should work the soil with a gooseneck tiller as carefully as possible. Otherwise, the mechanism can become deformed.
Mounting the tiller on a single-axle tractor
Before mounting the tiller to a single axle tractor, it must be assembled by determining the direction of rotation. It is necessary that the sharpened part of the product cuts into the soil. the single axle tractor is supported on the coulter bar and then tilted by 45 degrees. the gooseneck is placed under the handlebar and the wheel is removed.Before beginning to assemble the cutters, it is necessary to determine their functional purpose, and then make an approximate drawing. When assembly is complete, the product is tested, and adjustments are made if necessary.
These tips will help you understand such additional equipment as cutters. You can buy them on the website of the company AgroMotoCenter, which offers only high quality garden equipment and accessories!
Do you need to sharpen cutters on a single axle tractor
There is no definite answer to this question. Opinions of beginners and even experienced gardeners are contradictory. Some claim that sharpening significantly improves and speeds up the cultivation process. Others argue that it makes no sense, since even the milling machine manufacturers do not require it.
Summarizing the experience of one and the other side, among the arguments in favor of sharpening milling cutters should be the following:
How To Till and Rotovate Your Garden With A Subcompact Tractor/Kubota BX
- The sharpened cutting surfaces of the equipment more easily penetrate the soil, speeding up the work process.
- The first advantage is a lower load on the power train of a power tiller, which prolongs its service life and reduces fuel consumption.
- With light cultivators and low-quality blade material, working with blunt burrs is almost impossible. In this case, sharpening is virtually the only way out.
Arguments of the opponents of sharpening cutters are as follows:
- The sharp cutting surface results in a high shredding of the weeds, which multiplies the process of vegetative multiplication. From this point of view, the process of winding weeds on a blunt cutter is preferred.
- As a result of the impact of the sharp blades, the meaning of soil cultivation is lost, because instead of loosening the soil is simply cut up and left to lie in large clumps.
- The process of sharpening milling cutters is quite time consuming, because in addition to the actual sharpening, the cutter must first be disassembled and then properly assembled. The sharpness of the cutting elements is only kept for a short time. The procedure must then be repeated again.
Working with a tiller on a power tiller. How to fit the tiller, types of tools and working rules
Cultivation or soil milling is the basic and one of the main processes that a single-axle tractor performs. The essence of cultivation is to crumble the soil and stir it up to a depth of 30-40 cm. The depth varies depending on the type and model of power tiller. The quality of the soil, the controllability of the tiller, the application of the operator’s efforts, the load on the engine and transmission depend on the correct work of the tiller. Therefore, the rules of attachment selection and cultivation should not be neglected.
Working the tiller on a power tiller helps control weeds. Also the cutter is responsible for the structure of the processed soil: large or small lumps of soil. Note that such a tool can cope with very heavy and virgin soils, it is only necessary to choose the right equipment.
Tillers come in different types and kinds, and can differ dramatically from each other. Their shape, design as well as the number and arrangement of blades differ.
Conventionally, all tools can be divided into 2 large categories according to the type of working body:
The sabre blade is often referred to as a standard tiller because it is the most common and popular option. This attachment is often included in the basic factory set of motor blocks and tractors. Its versatility explains its widespread use: it can work with virtually any type of soil. The sabre-shaped blades of the power tiller are made of very hard, high-quality carbon steel. In addition, this cutter has a demountable design, so the installation, maintenance and transportation of the tool is very simple. The steel from which the blades are made is completely immune to welding work. In order to improve the mechanical properties of the product, so-called thermal hardening is used during production. The steel is treated with high-frequency currents for strength.
The goosefoot tillage tool is very effective for tillage of virgin or hard soils. This tool has been in use comparatively recently. Especially suited for stony soils. The solid construction of the tiller indicates its high reliability and durability. The goosefoot cutter uses ordinary carbon steel, but the advantage is that the tool is weldable and repairable.
So, if you work with tillers on heavy and difficult soils, choose the goose-foot type. If the ground is not too difficult, the robust, reliable and durable sabre blades on the cutter are more than enough.
Now let us consider how to work with a tiller on a power tiller. This process is not complicated, but it requires practice. At first it will seem to you that a single axle tractor is unruly, the depth of cultivation is insufficient, it is too hard to work. Believe our experience. it’s all temporary. With a little patience and practice you are in for a treat.
When working with the cutter, it is necessary to install a coulter in the rear bracket of the power tiller. It should be fixed in the middle position. And then you will adjust the final depth of adjustment while working with the machine. It will depend on the density and quality of the cultivated soil.
Pay attention to this question, because your comfort and the quality of the soil you worked depends on the correct coulter adjustment. It often happens that a single axle tractor “digs in place”, shows an insufficient cultivation depth or that you have to exert considerable effort. It is the right coulter adjustment that will solve such problems. Remember, there is no need to push, jerk, push or pile on the single-axle tractor. it will do all the work itself, and you only have to guide and control it.
Well, after setting the coulter in the middle position (before starting cultivation) start the machine and warm up the engine for a few minutes. Now turn on the first speed, add speed, smoothly engage the clutch and, without the coulter in the ground, drive the single-axle tractor to the initial position for milling. Do not be afraid to roll the single axle tractor on the tiller. Nothing will happen to them because they are designed for these situations.
Now turn on the second speed, set the maximum rpm and smoothly engage the clutch. The cutters will start to enter and dig into the soil, and the single-axle tractor will follow them. Pay attention to the type and condition of the soil. If the ground is hard, you should perform cultivation at first speed with a high engine speed.
To adjust the depth you need to press the tiller handlebars lightly against the ground. This way, the coulter goes deeper into the ground and slows down the power tiller. This will result in an increased cultivation depth. If you cannot reach the desired depth, the coulter should be lowered in the shoulder.
When loosening the soil with a “bayonet shovel”, slowly rock the single axle tractor sideways. This will cause the gearbox to slide in and out of the way, so it won’t hit the uncultivated soil.
We would like to remind you that you must always work with your back straight and your hands at waist level. This way you will be comfortable, you can work with tiller on your power tiller for a long time and it will not cause any harm to your health.
Gradually the work of the tiller on the power tiller will become easy for you. You’ll get used to the process, and it will be quick and easy. Then you will be able to walk, for example, on the side of the power tiller, turning out its handles, in order not to step on the already cultivated soil, or come up with other improvements for better and more efficient cultivation of agricultural areas.
Cutter assembly video
In this video we assembled tillers in an obvious but not correct way. Also, below. text description of assembling process.
At the end of the article you can find a video with a quick conversion of this configuration to the right. Getting ahead of ourselves: the difference lies in the orientation of one blade in each section.
Cutter on a single-axle Kentavr tractor: meaning, application
Cutter for the Kentavr power tiller while working breaks up large clumps of soil, allows you to comprehensively process the soil, which is the main task of the device.
The cutter consists of blades (made of strong steel), which are bolted to the frame. The framework itself is presented in the form of a so-called “herringbone”.
It should also be noted that the active power tiller enables first-class soil tillage with minimum effort.
Mounting the cutter on a single-axle tractor
To install cutters on a single-axle tractor, you should use special wooden trestle, the height of which should be about 50 cm. The unit should be supported on the coulter and tilted at an angle of 45 degrees. Then the wheels are removed from it and the cutters are put on. Special plates are installed on the outer ends on both sides to make the machine run smoother and more steadily.
Any tillers are self-sharpening tools. Sharpening is not necessary for them, as it can only spoil the design. Only in some cases, if you have been using the cutter for a very long time and see that it has become bad at working the ground, you can sharpen the blades.
The tiller is an important element of every machine. Homemade properly assembled tillers can be used on any modern power tillers, particularly the Neva MB 1 and MB 2, MTZ and others. Such designs will aid in tillage and make agricultural tasks easier.