How to make a disc coulter for a power tiller with your own hands?

The design of this device is considered the most simple. It has a fixed grip width.

It consists of two attached, branched and fixed wings. Due to the fact that the wings are fixed, it is not possible to set the size of the working width, adjusting the device to the size of the inter-row. For this reason, you have to adjust the row spacing to the size of the tool, not the other way around, when working with this planter.

Basically all manufacturers produce models with working widths of 25-30 cm. It is not very convenient, because the technology of growing and planting potatoes has the size of the width between the rows of 60 cm.

This design has special stands with a thin design that prevents overloading the power tiller while ripping deep layers of hard soils.

There are devices, the design of which has a streamlined appearance. This is the most convenient, because such models can be adjusted to any size of row spacing.

With a variable working width

This device is considered the most convenient, because it has an adjustment mechanism that allows you to quickly change the position of the wings. Due to this feature, it can easily be adjusted to any size of seedbed. However, they have one very unpleasant disadvantage. they are very difficult to work with. This is due to the fact that when loosening the wings of the device move the earth in different directions, a small amount of which is poured back into the furrow.

arms and back end up getting tired, and most of the motor power is wasted. But still, despite these disadvantages, these models are popular and in great demand among many landowners.

The disc type

This type of tool has the following advantages:

  • Perfectly combines with a power tiller. When the disc coulter is used at reduced power on the tiller, it has even more power. This increases the efficiency of digging the soil and also has a favorable effect on the working process of the tool;
  • comfortable use. When ripping or digging, you don’t have to use much strength. It propels itself forward and there is no need to make an additional stop at the back;
  • universal use. This tool can be used for loosening the soil, both before planting potatoes (Read about how to make a manual potato perch in this article), and after planting during active cultivation for additional loosening.
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Interesting: The disc coulter is as important as the plough and the winch. Thanks to this tool, you can easily make seedbeds for planting plants, and it can also be used for planting seedlings, such as potatoes.

If you choose from the models offered in stores, it is best to choose the ridgers, made of metal of alloy type, whose design has rolling bearings, large diameter size and thickness of disc elements.

Propeller hoes

The entire operating principle consists of propeller elements. Under their influence the ground is first dug up and weeds are cleaned, and then the one-row beds themselves are loosened. These models are mainly used for front-drive power tillers (Read about the types of cultivators here) and power tillers with two gears. This is because the power level rises to 180 rpm in second gears.

When the power level is at its maximum, this tool can be used not only for tilling the soil, but also for shoveling soil from bed to bed.

From this article, you’ll learn whether it’s better to use a single-axle tractor or a cultivator. Read here what you need to know about the wood chipper.

The design of the disk hoe

The disc coulter looks like a frame on two wheels with two discs hanging from it. These devices can perform several tasks: pre-crop and post-harvest soil cultivation, inter-row cultivation, and perching. This tool can be mounted on a single-axle tractor or cultivator.

The disc tiller is made up of:

  • T-harness;
  • two screw turnbuckles (they regulate the angle of rotation of the discs around the vertical axis);
  • two tines;
  • two discs.

The distance between the edges of the discs can be changed by adjusting the stakes. This makes it possible to set the width between the rows as needed (from 35 to 70 cm).

It is also necessary to set the discs to the same rotation angles (this is done by adjusting the turnbuckles). Without it, the tyre packer will pull to the side. The inclination of the discs to the vertical is not adjustable and is almost always constant.

We recommend a wheel diameter of about 70 cm and a width of 10-14 cm for the tiller wheels. In this case, the wheels won’t damage the plants while tilling.

An example of making a lister rocker arm by yourself

As you can see, the rocker arms are fairly simple. There is nothing complicated about making an arrow with your own hands for a power tiller.

To make a traditional, non-adjustable perch, the halves are cut out on a 2mm thick piece of metal with a template

These halves should be bent to match the radii, and then welded in 2-3 passes. The welds should be grinded with an angle grinder and, if necessary, selectively welded and resanded. The result should be a perfectly even layer of metal.

The wings of the tool are also cut out of metal 2 mm thick, and connected in the same way

The result should be the following structure. For illustration, the thickness of the elements and all the dimensions of the tool base are shown

Tools and parts for making an arrow

Before you start, you need to understand the design features of the mechanism:

  • Without the discs it is difficult to imagine an ouchek. They are cut from a sheet of iron two millimeters thick.
  • It is better to install the discs on the stands needed to adjust the angle of rotation of the parts.
  • Screw turnbuckles are used for fixation of parts, adjustment of rotation angles of discs along the axis.
  • All parts are connected to the T-shaped lever.
  • The main parts of the machine are screwed on firmly with mounting bolts.

From the tools the dacha farmer will need a welding machine. In the manufacture can not do without the angle grinder, power drill, emery machine. The working place is equipped with a vice, files. Before making the attachment, you need to consider the weight and power of the equipment.

For attachments with adjustable width, power tillers with four horsepower and a weight of 30 kilograms are used. For the discs select steel sheets of alloyed material with a thickness of not more than three millimeters. Assemble the planter only after all the necessary parts and tools are prepared.

Amazing device

The tiller is an attachment. They come in several types:

A tiller for the Neva, in which the initial fixed grip distance is inexpensive. The height of the ridges does not change over time. Therefore the distance between the rows should be determined directly at the time of planting. The advantage of the planter, where the working distance can be adjusted, is the ease of adjustment to different distances between the rows. But this device also has a disadvantage. Soil gets caught in the furrow during tillage, which makes the tool less effective.

All kinds can be used, but this is quite expensive and not economical.

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The single-axle tractor “Neva” works well with homemade planters

Hillock models

Power tiller

This is thought to be the simplest design. It has a fixed working width.

It consists of two attached, branched and fixed wings. Due to the fact that the wings are fixed, it is impossible to set the size of the width of capture, adjusting the device to the size of the row spacing. For this reason, it is necessary to adjust the row spacing to the size of the tool and not vice versa.

Basically all manufacturers make models with a working width of 25-30 cm. This is not very convenient, because the technology of growing and planting potatoes has a width between the rows of 60 cm.

This design has special racks with a thin design that prevent overloading the power tiller while ripping deep layers of hard soils.

There are devices which have a streamlined design. This is most convenient, because such models can be adjusted to any size of row spacing.

With a variable working width

This attachment is considered the most convenient because it has an adjustment mechanism that allows you to quickly change the position of the wings. Due to this property, it can be easily adjusted to any size of beds.

However, they have one very unpleasant disadvantage. they are very difficult to work with. That’s because when ripping, the wings of the tool push the soil apart, and a small amount of it falls back into the furrow.

As a result, your arms and back begin to get tired, and most of the engine’s power is wasted. But despite these disadvantages, these models are popular and are in great demand among many landowners.

The disc version

This type of tool has the following advantages:

  • Perfectly combines with the power tiller. The power of the tool is even greater if the disc tip is used at the slow speed of the power tiller. Due to this, the efficiency of digging up the soil increases, and also has a favorable effect on the working process of the tool;
  • comfortable use. Less effort is needed when ripping or digging. It propels itself forward and there is no need to make an additional stop at the back;
  • universal purpose. This tool can be used for loosening the soil, both before planting potatoes (Read about how to make a hand-hoe for potatoes in this article), and after planting during active cultivation for additional loosening.

This is interesting: The disc coulter is as important as the plough and the winch. This makes it easy to make seedbeds and plant seedbeds like potatoes or tomatoes.

If you choose from the models offered in stores, it is best to choose the riders, made of alloy type metal, whose design has rolling bearings, large diameter size and thickness of disc elements.

Propeller weed beaters

The whole principle of operation is the work of propeller elements. They are used to first dig into the ground and clear away weeds before the one-row beds are loosened.

These models are mainly used on front-drive rotary cultivators (Read about different kinds of cultivators here) and two-gear motorcycles. This is because the second gear increases the power level to 180 rpm.

When the power level reaches the maximum, this tool can be used not only for dipping the soil, but also for throwing soil from bed to bed.

From this article you will learn that it is better to use a single-axle tractor or cultivator.

Read here what you need to know about the wood chipper.

A planter with your own hands

How to make a planter for a power tiller with your own hands? There are many drawings and diagrams for this. In general, it’s not difficult to make an arrow with your own hands. Choosing the right planter, choose a scheme and get to work. Here is an example of a lister type planter.

Take a metal layer two millimeters thick. Then cut out the halves of the piece from it according to the suggested template (considering the dimensions). Important ! The halves must necessarily be symmetrical, otherwise this will affect the operation of the device in the future. Then you bend both halves until the radii match, and then you weld them, making two or three passes. Next, treat the welds.

It is very important to pick up the correct drawing for the future product to avoid all mismatches (when working, the design will lead to the side, etc.).д.). With quality and careful craftsmanship, homemade equipment does not create any difficulties and hindrances during plowing.

It is also easy to design a disc mower for a power tiller with your own hands.

In order to make this device one can take the coulters (discs) from a used seeder. Or they can be made directly from metal sheets (not more than 2 mm thick), then bend the edge of the lower edge. The distance observed between the points of the lower supports corresponds to the width of the track itself. Then the discs are fastened to each other, but with the discretion that the connecting elements can be adjusted.

In addition, screw turnbuckles, stands (which have already been mentioned) and a T-shaped leash are necessary for the disc coulters for the power tiller. Tie bars fixed directly to the tiller. The above mentioned is the best type for making furrows.

Hillers on a singleaxle tractor, made with their own hands, are always pleasing to the eye, and it is much more pleasant and faster to work with them.

What’s the best tool for the tiller?

Our power tillers are effective if the right attachment is selected. There are several kinds of planters on the market.

The Lister (fixed width)

Equipment can be used on machines with up to 3.5 liters power. с., Suitable for narrow row spacing (25-30 cm wide). The design consists of two special wings, which are firmly fixed. The model’s stand is very thin.

The disadvantage of the equipment can be called sticking of the ground in case of high humidity.

Equipped with a variable width coulter

The equipment allows you to adjust the width of the row spacing, so you can use it to handle beds of varying sizes and widths.

The tiller is suitable for many types of tillers, such as the Neva MB 2 and MB 1 Agro, but is also used for high power models.

The disadvantage of the device can be called high power consumption.

Disk

This convenient and very simple tool ploughens plants, prepares furrows for the subsequent planting of seeds. Its design consists of special discs that are installed at an angle.

This model is currently the most effective for hilling, but it is also the most expensive.

Tractor mounted disk harrow assembly#how to assembly disk harrow# Chisel harrow assembly#assembly

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This planter has wings that rotate both horizontally and vertically, making plowing better and less energy demanding. Despite this efficiency, the cost of the weeder is affordable.

Rotary active planter

Also called propeller, this is part of the new generation of design. When working, the hoe not only loosens the soil, but also sprinkles it to the roots of plants.

The disadvantage of the model. it is not suitable for all power tillers, as you can only work with the equipment in second gear, which not every unit has.

There is no telling what kind of rocker will be better for work on the plot. The choice of equipment depends on the type of work, conditions and price. An alternative can be the use of homemade okozchiteli, which can be attached to any power tiller.

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