Homemade parallel emphasis for circular
Parallel emphasis. An important device when working with a circular saw. This device serves to perform cuts parallel to the plane of the cutting disc and the edge of the processed material. Typically, one of the options for this device is supplied with a circular saw by a circular saw by a circular saw. However, the manufacturer’s version is not always convenient to use and in most cases does not satisfy the consumer’s needs. Therefore, in practice, you have to do it with your own hands one of the options for this device according to simple drawings.
There are several options for a constructive solution to this simple, at first glance, tasks. All options have their advantages and disadvantages. Choosing a suitable design should be based on those needs that occur when processing various materials on a circular saw. Therefore, the choice of the right decision should be taken seriously, responsible and creatively.
This article discusses two simple design solutions to the creation of an angular parallel stop for a circular saw with your own hands according to the available drawings.
Do.It.Yourself milling machine
Given the fact that the serial milling machine refers to expensive equipment, the question of how to make a small milling cutter from a drill is very relevant. Such a machine, used with wood cutters installed on a drill, is indispensable in the construction and repair of a country house, as well as when performing many other works.
Starting the manufacture of a home.Made milling cutter, it is necessary to first make a table for him, which should be stable and reliable. For this, plywood is often used, the thickness of which should not be less than 12 mm. Supporting elements can be made of four wooden bars
An important part of such a home-made device is the limiting platform, the task of which is to ensure the correct position of the cutter in relation to the processed surface. You can make such a platform from a sheet of a wood-brown slab or thick plywood, cutting a piece of the required size and rounding its corners
A hole is drilled in the center of the restraint site, which is necessary for the cutting of the milling cutter.
The device of vertical movement and fixation of the drill
The drill itself using clamps is fixed on the rack, which is made from the wood-based slab. The length of such a rack should approximately correspond to the length of the drill itself, and its shirin is sufficient in order to place the power tool and fasteners on it. Stand and restraint platform are interconnected strictly at an angle of 90 °. When fixing the drill on the rack with the help of clamps, it should be placed so that the cutter inserted into its cartridge extends outside the surface of the founding site for the required value. To increase the strength of the resulting design, you can additionally strengthen it using a piece of a wood-based slab connected by self-tapping screws with a stand and a restraint platform.
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Homemade coordinate table for the machine
Using a conventional drill, you can make an even more functional and convenient to use milling machine, if you install a power tool on a home.Made bed equipped with a persistent with a simple microlyph. You can also make such a machine made of wood, except for the running screw, through which a microlift will move with a tool mounted on it.
The main methods of work
So, having firmly fixed the bar, you should get up so that you will move freely at the same time as the advancement of the tool. Excessive body tension must be removed. Sleeves and floors of clothing should not interfere with the movements of the hands that hold the shirts tightly.
Working posture when working with an electric gross.
First you need to turn it on, keeping it in the air above the workpiece. And only when the tool works for a few seconds, so that the knives gain maximum speed, you can carefully bring them to the end of the workpiece and start the first passage
It is important that the sole of the working ruban is all the time parallel in relation to a constructed surface
The tool should move smoothly, evenly, evenly. In this case, it is necessary to ensure that the chips do not fall under his sole! Sharp movements, jerks should not be allowed, increased or stop. In any of these options, the surface can no longer be made completely even, without pits and other defects.
When stricting the planes, press on the handles of the tool with the same effort. Over, at the beginning of each passage, the pressure is slightly stronger on the front, and at the end of the movement. On the back handle, otherwise the blockages are inevitable.
When stricting the quarter, the position of the hands is different. With one hand, the shirts should be advanced forward, and the second should press the side emphasis to the edge of the workpiece. At what speed it is better to promote the tool? Haste is useless here, it is enough to pass in a minute 1.5-2 m.
It is extremely important that the tool follow exactly along the intended path. As the lateral emphasis focuses, and after several passes of the guide, the edge of the fuster is already becoming
The depth of the sample is limited to parts. But on the one hand they are specially raised so that you can make a fairly deep quarter.
We make a tire with our own hands
The main task is to make a geometrically accurate product with your own hands, which is not easy. I would like to make a convenient and reliable device, having spent a minimum of time.
The basis can be suitable: a channel, corner, a rectangular pipe and even a laminate. Wooden and pressed guides have a serious drawback. They are sensitive to moisture.
Laminate guide tire. The simplest and most affordable material.
- We cut two pieces of laminate of the same length along the ruler (for example, 50 cm).
- We mill one edge.
- We attach self.Tapping screws to the base also made of laminate.
- The width of the groove is verified using a sheet of paper A4 format, with a thickness of approximately 0.11 mm: paper is inserted into the device and screwed.
- The guide is fixed to the sole of the disc saw by it with your own hands through the side of the side stop. You can drill a special hole in the case, if not sorry and has passed the warranty period.
- When working with the tire, it should be most advanced in front of a manual disc saw. And the nose of the sole should be thrown a few centimeters to the guide. Now take a disc for cutting the laminate and drain the edges of the guides on the spot so that they are perfectly combined with marking;
Such a device eats a little to the depth of cut (approximately 1.5 cm), but it is very convenient and simply done with your own hands.
Now, as the basis for the tire, we take the construction rule. A model with handles that move along the groove is suitable.
- Remove the handles, instead of them we select softly fixed clamps with spring handles. There are models with a removable upper part. They are just suitable. Having removed it, the clamp, with the help of the adapter, is fixed on the rule.
- Adapters will have to be made independently from polypropylene on the milling machine. As a result, parts should be obtained, resembling the letter “T”, they are tightly inserted into the groove for handles.
- In the “leg” of adapters, we make holes and fasten the clamps on the screws.
- The guide is laid on a sheet of material with a groove down and clamps from the bottom is reliably pressed. There is not a single detail on top that brakes the work of the disc saw. There is only one restriction in work. The length of the rule, so you need to take the longest.
To obtain an accurate cut with a disk saw, one important condition is necessary: the edge of the base of the tool that adjacent to the guide should be perfectly even.
Professional units with cast soles have this property by definition. Which can not be said about inexpensive stamped grounds. Therefore, we offer another version of the guide. The rail.
The tool will move along it without resting on the guide rail. At the same time significantly reducing the effort necessary for pushing a hand saw.
An aluminum P-shaped profile is suitable for the rail. Two segments of different sections are required. A smaller profile should be inserted into the larger without gap, but move freely.
Now you can collect a guide rail with your own hands:
- We take the plywood and screw the guide for a larger diameter. We grind the heads of screws and screws to hide them flush.
- Put the plywood 0 on the strip tightly on both sides and also attach to self.Tapping screws. Instead of plywood, you can use a wood-mounted stove.
We saw off the extra pieces in width and the rail is ready for use.
Now you should prepare a manual saw:
- We insert a small profile into the rail and remove the height of the “legs” so that it will fit.
- We fix the cut profile to the sole of the saw parallel to the saw disk. To do this, use a pair of m4 pile screws. If the platform of the disk tool is high.Quality and even, you can adhere to its edge.
- We place a manual saw on the guide, inserting the profile into the guide rail, turn on the saw and saw off the excess strip along the width.
- Now, for the perfect cut, it is necessary to lay the edge of the tire on the marking and attach the guide with clamps. The main feature of the structure is the rail. When using such a bus, the saw moves smoothly, does not hang out, it is easily served and very accurately cuts.
How to make a groove in a board drill
The type of junction based on the spike in the groove appeared in Europe almost simultaneously with the flooring and lining. The finishing material is simple and easy to install and has many advantages. True, the cost costs more than ordinary boards and rails, but the joints are much more accurate, and the service life is an order of magnitude higher.
Varieties of soil boards
This is far from the truth; There you will find a large assortment:
Symmetric groove. This is the easiest type. In it, the lengths of the upper and lower shelves are the same, they appear at the same distance.
Asymmetric groove. Here the upper shelves are longer than the lower.
Block house, mainly used for wall decoration and ceilings. Boards often imitate the relief of the beam and have the front of a semicircular or shaped profile.
Lining the euro, like a log house, often has a relief pattern.
Terracial wood and polymer board also has spikes and grooves that simplify the installation.
The note! If you plan to install walls that are not leveled without protrusions, with protrusions and dents, do not expect good quality from the result. The substrate will not lie evenly, the difference in height and cracks is inevitable.
Making planks with grooves at home
You often have to make furniture at home or repair using the simplest methods and things at hand.
If you need to cut the groove on the board with your own hands, be patient with tools and tools that you need:
- A circular saw. The most practical tool, but, unfortunately, not everyone has.
- Ordinary wood hacksaw. Work will take more time, but you can find this accessory in every house.
- Electric drill. It is also quite affordable, but it is advisable to train an unnecessary bar during a skill training before making a board on the board.
Making grooves with a circular saw
A wooden board, bars and much more are optimal as material. The price of raw materials is minimal, in extreme cases, what is found on the farm is used. The most successful solution is the end of the connection of the through single open line.
- It is recommended that the spikes have a thickness to thickness of the boards and grooves of the same size.
- The height and length of the groove must correspond to the size of the rod.
- Prepare a pencil and a marking line.
- Determine the coordinates of the section and mark it.
- Anneal should be carried out along the line inside, which will then be separated.
- For a circular saw, the instruction recommends a 2-4 mm blade width.
- The sawing in the middle of the marked line removes 1-2 mm excess, since two grooves are made on each bar.
The better to cut?
This is the most convenient tool for sawing boards. Compared to some other power tools, it has more performance. But it is worth remembering that circular saws differ in the characteristics and area of application.
Before buying a saw, decide for what purpose you will use it. The main use of circular saws is the cutting or cut of the boards.
When choosing a saw, it is necessary to take into account the depth of saw. On sale there are disk saws with a cut depth from 30 to 130 mm. You need to find out with what thickness of the board you will saw and, based on this, give preference to a particular saw.It is also worth responsibly to choose a disk for your circular saw. If you need to make a neat slice, you should choose a saw disk with a greater frequency of teeth. If the teeth on the disk are rare, then the work will be faster, but much rude. It is important that when working with a disk saw, the sections are even and practically without chips. Read more about this in my book. Details about her in the section “Books”.
To start working with a disk saw, set the depth of the drink equal to the thickness of your board. Thanks to this, you can make the most beautiful slice on almost any surface, leaving no traces.But it is worth remembering that if you make a cut of 90 degrees, the depth of the cut will be one, and for a cut of 45 degrees, the cut depth will be much larger. Then check so that the protective casing does not interfere, otherwise it simply will not open.Fix the board, it is necessary that in the process it does not slide on the table, this requires emphasis along and at the end of the workpiece. By the way, some saws are equipped with a screw with a rolling head, which allows you to set a cut angle. Typically, disc saws have a range from 90 to a little less than 45 degrees, which allows you to make neat cuts at an angle.Do not forget about safety measures when you work with a circular saw. Always put on the goggles, and even better the mask for the whole face. Remember that almost all tools are intended for right-handedness, this means that all sawdust and other garbage will fly out from under the saw on the left side, so the lefties should take care of the safety of the organs of vision and the respiratory tract.
Angular grinding machine or corner grinder
Some masters advise using a corner grinder, if you have a large amount of work, low quality requirements.
In no case do not try this method. The corner grinder is designed to give a beautiful appearance to the weld or for cutting brick and without a saw you just can’t cope. Cut the boards with a corner grinder. This is traumatic.
When cutting boards, this tool is advised to put a disc with zazubins for a circular saw on it. Imagine that when working, the corner grinder captured a piece of wood into one of the Zazubrin, you immediately release the power button (the one who worked with it knows that after turning off the disk will make several more revolutions) and it is not known where you will find your tool after this, on the floor paired meters away from yourself or in your body.Or, for example, the disk was heated and burst, which is also quite possible, pieces of a hot cut.Out circle scatter throughout the area, and some of them can land on you and. Other craftsmen use a winth attack disk, which can also be easily in your leg.Therefore, it is better not to take risks, but to use a tool specially adapted for this work.
In order to make a flat cut with a hacksaw, first you need to draw a fishing line for a trimmer to cut with a pencil on the board, then install the workpiece so that you are convenient to work with it, fix it in this position. The next step, you need to install a hacksaw in a position of about 60 degrees to the product, direct the saw with your thumb so that it goes exactly along the cut line.
Since the beam has proper geometry with a rectangular or square section, it is much easier to connect it than a log. Even galinded. This form simplifies the markings and manufacture of grooves, allows for the density of the joints.
Choosing an electrophoresis
The groove is a recess limited by planes or shaped surfaces. This element can be of various shapes-rectangular, triangular, trapezoidal, T-shaped and shaped. Also distinguish between through, closed and half.Closed grooves.
Direct. The most common type that can be used to perform a wide variety of works. Such equipment is performed by an even rectangular groove in a tree.
Fighting. Form a semicircular groove, can be used to create grooves in products.
V-shaped. Create a groove with angles of 45 degrees. Used mainly for cutting on the details of the ornament or letters. They can make a drawing on a wooden surface.
Shipy (“Lastochkin tail”). Designed for the manufacture of hidden and open spike joints. Found widespread in furniture production.
The ledge is a recess limited by two mutually perpendicular areas. For the manufacture of this element, terminal, disk or end mills can be used. The principle of operation here is similar to the sample of the grooves.
In grooves and spikes under such circumstances: only half of the usual width. This is due to the features that the compounds of this variety have.
The connection in the spike should result in a certain gap. It is necessary so that later you can conveniently use the adhesive composition.
The solution to the problem depends on where the grooves are located, what size they have. You can cite several recommendations to home masters:
The main thing after the completion of each stage is to get rid of wood waste in time. Then the tool will definitely not suffer from overheating. When performing work, it is easiest to use a template carved from plywood. It passes on it itself, with an installed bearing.
Frasers are also used in the manufacture of various signs, signs, low.Profile relief ornaments and patterns for applying threads on flat wood materials. With free milling, milling mills for U-shaped grooves are often used, since even solid wood of wood are easily served under their pointed tips.
Standard 6 accents are best performed according to the template or stencil. Seats with a dense texture reject the cutter. To avoid unexpected cutting of the cutter from the required direction, hold the milling cutter by the base, slightly touching the surface of the product with your hands.
Conical cutters. Grind the corner angle under 45 degrees.
Kamping mills. Their main purpose is the rounding of the edges, they form a profile in a quarter of a circle. Processing the edge of this type with a milling cutter allows you to give products beautiful smooth outlines. The assortment of the fluid cutters is quite extensive, the radius of the circle varies from 3.2 to 16 mm.
Fourth mills. They not only round the corner, but also form small grooves above and under roundness. As a rule, this type is used in the manufacture of window frames.
Profile (decorative) mills. Cut profiles on the edge, form a smooth curved surface. Used mainly to create decorative elements.
Fighting mills. Used to create an internal quarter groove in a tree.
Gained widespread in the manufacture of decorative edges of products, including furniture.
In order to milling at home, it is recommended to choose a universal tool, which is an electrophorer with a change of base. Submersible and hem, thanks to which it performs any varieties of wood work depending on the selected type of milling. It is better if it has a speed adjustment, work with a cutter with a diameter of at least 8 mm, the optimal power should be 800-1300 watts.
Using factory or home.Made templates, copiers and other devices, you can cut out quite complex patterns, even circles, circles and bends.
Using an ellipsoographer (a core with a centrick), you can move a milling cutter in a circle to milling circular grooves or processing chamfers in the form of a disk. The ellipsyograph is usually installed in one of the clamps of the guide ruler. The average ellipsygraight is well suited for small products, such as, for example, cutting boards for cutting loaf or cheese.
For large.Scale work (for example, processing the edge of the round table), fix the milling cutter with screws or bolts on one end of the plywood strip, cut a hole for the cutter in it, and at the other end, drive a nail that will play the role of a centric. So that the centrick does not leave holes on the surface of the product, glue a small piece of plywood using a bilateral adhesive tape (tape), then mark the center on this pad.
Work on the template is a quick and simple way to perform identical elements, and if the quality of the template itself is quite high, then an excellent result is guaranteed each time. In order to accurately repeat the shape of the template, manufacturers of milling machines produce guide bushings for them.
We offer to familiarize yourself with which beam to use for the floor lag
It’s just a ring with a cylindrical side on its inner radius. It is attached to the base board of the milling cutter with a cutter, which passes through the hole of this sleeve. The side glides along the edge of the template, just repeating its profile. In the manufacture of the template, it is necessary to take into account the difference between the diameters of the side and the cutter itself.
Assembling. Combination Machine Woodworking For DIY at home
Make templates made of stable sheet material, such as plywood, wood-bearing plate or wood-fiber plate of medium density. The template can be mounted on the product with both nails and double.Sided tape.
The work with a hand.On wood milling helps to carry out the following carpentry operations:
How to choose a quarter in the board.
Depending on the type of work performed by a hand.On wood mill, the video tutorials of which can be watched at the end of the article, you will need devices:
With the help of such an instrument, a novice master can return old furniture to life, carry out small carpentry and decorative work with a tree around the house.
To make this spike connection, we will need a milling mill and the desktop itself. To facilitate the process, you can make an additional device as the conductor.
Spread.Cutting templates are of a variety of configurations. They serve to facilitate the work on cutting compounds such as Ship-Paz, as well as to accelerate the work. With their help, you can make frames, drawing joints, cutting out of various furniture compounds. The size of the groove, as well as the evenness of its edges, will depend on what form of the template.
DIY table and circular table
Where to start making a table? Like any other design, it should begin with a working sketch. It is this document that will give a clear idea of what exactly the table will be, and what is needed for its manufacture. The drawing is developed indicating the real size, which in the process will make it possible to calculate the required amount of materials.
Basic requirements for the work surface of the carpentry machines
The first thing that unites the milling machine and circular is the need for a working surface or, in other words, countertops. She must be:
- Even and smooth. Otherwise, deformation of the blanks is possible;
- Tough. The deflection of the working surface during use is not allowed. This can lead to a change in the given processing parameters, which will entail the marriage of the part;
- Made of material that allows you to easily establish stops, clamping strips, combs, shields and casings of the fence to observe safety during operation;
- Performed in accordance with the size of the proposed workpieces of workpieces. All operations should be carried out without constraints and restrictions.
Basic requirements for table design
The standard table for the circular saw has dimensions of 1.2 × 1.2 meters. In certain cases, the size can be changed by the user for processing non.Standard blanks. The height of the working surface is 0.85 meters. It can be more or less, depending on the growth of maintenance personnel.
As the basis for the universal table, you can apply the machine operator under the circular saw. Since the saw disk is located on the left side of the table, you can place a milling cutter in the right. It is installed taking into account the place for processed blanks. It should be remembered that the master who performs milling should be in the end on the right side of the table, and not before the milling. This obliges to establish the maximum fence of all moving parts to prevent contact with a person.
Other options for making a home.Made guide for manual disk saw
The tire can be made from the cuper. A device that consists of two parallel metal corners. They are fixed on a wooden base in which the groove is made under the disc circuit saw.
The knock on the substrate is placed on the cut surface to the corners down so that the gap arises between the tire and the surface.
As a tire, you can use the construction rule, but the design is extremely inconvenient due to instability and the need for constant adjustment. About how to quickly make a guide using the rule, see the video. The author shows in just a few minutes and explains how to make and saw off.
A complicated engineering design guiding a circular saw with a remote carriage on hinges, which can also be made independently.
Its difference from analogues is that it is additionally provided with a mobile platform in which the circular saw is fixed. In this case, it is not necessary to hold the saw in the hands, and the cut is carried out by the movement of the carriage relative to the processed surface.
The design of such a guide is presented in the figure below.
It is quite possible to make a tire for a circular saw with your own hands and is not difficult, moreover, this will make it possible to use a truly high.Quality and functional product, the effectiveness of which is ensured by the skill of a person who produced it.