Hoeing with a tiller on a power tiller. How to mount a tiller, types of tools and operating rules
Cultivation, or milling the soil, is the basic and one of the main processes that a single-axle tractor performs. The essence of cultivation is to crumble the soil and mix it to a depth of 30-40 cm. Depending on the type and model of power tiller. Proper tillage depends on the quality of soil, the controllability of your power tiller, the application of the operator’s efforts, and the load on the engine and transmission. That’s why you can’t neglect the rules of the attachment selection and cultivation.
A tiller on your power tiller helps control weeds. Also responsible for the structure of the cultivated soil: coarse or fine lumps of soil. Please note that such a tool can cope with very heavy and virgin soils, you just need to choose the right equipment.
Soil tillers come in different types and kinds, and can differ radically from each other. They differ in shape, design, as well as the number of blades and their location.
Conventionally, all tools can be divided into 2 large categories according to the type of implement:
Sabre-shaped blades are often referred to as standard tillers, as this is the most common and popular option. This attachment often comes in the basic factory set of motor blocks and motor tractors. Widespread use is due to the versatility of the device: it can work with virtually any type of soil. Sabre-shaped tiller blades are made of very strong, high quality carbon steel. In addition, this cutter has a collapsible design, so the installation, maintenance and transportation of the tool is as simple as possible. Steel used for blades is not at all susceptible to welding. In order to improve the mechanical properties of the product, a so called thermal hardening is used during production. The steel is treated with high-frequency currents for strength.
The goosefoot tiller is very efficient on stony or hard soils. This tool has been in use only comparatively recently. Good for stony soils. The tool’s solid construction makes it very robust and resistant. In the production of gooseneck tillers regular carbon steel is used, but the advantage is that the tool can be welded and repaired.
So, if you have to work in heavy and difficult soils. choose the gooseneck tiller. If the soil refers to the uncomplicated, then you will be quite sufficient to have strong, reliable and durable saber-shaped blades on the cutter.
Now let’s see how to work with a tiller on a power tiller. This process is not complicated, but requires practice. At first you will think that the single axle tractor is unruly, the cultivation depth is not deep enough, it is too hard to work. Believe our experience. all this is temporary. With a little patience and practice you are really happy.
When working with a tiller, you need to install a coulter in the rear bracket of the power tiller. It must be fixed in the middle position. And then, when you work with the machine, you will adjust the final depth adjustment. It depends on the density and quality of the soil to be tilled.
Pay attention to this question, because your comfort and the quality of the cultivated land have much to do with the correct coulter depth adjustment. Often a situation arises when a single-axle tractor “digs in place,” shows insufficient depth of cultivation, or you have to exert considerable effort to work. Just the right coulter adjustment will solve such problems. Remember there’s no need to push, pull, push or pile on the single axle tractor, it will do all the work itself and all you have to do is guide and control it.
Well, after setting the coulter to the middle position (before starting cultivation) start the machine and warm up the engine for a few minutes. Now turn on the first speed, go up a gear, engage the clutch smoothly and without the opener hitting the ground move the single axle tractor to the starting position for milling. Don’t be afraid to roll the single axle tractor over on the cutters. Nothing will happen to them since they are designed for such situations.
How to Attach a Tiller to a Riding Mower
Now start the second gear, go to maximum rpm and engage the clutch smoothly. Cutters will start to go in and burrow into the soil, and the single axle tractor will go after them. Pay attention to the type and condition of the soil. If the ground is hard, cultivate at first speed, at high engine speeds.
To adjust the working depth on the power tiller you need to press the handlebar gently against the ground. This causes the coulter to sink deeper into the ground and slows down the machine. In doing so, the working depth will be increased accordingly. If you cannot reach the desired depth, lower the coulter in the shoulder.
When loosening the soil with the spade, you have to rock the single-axle tractor slowly to the sides. This will cause the gearbox to shift in depth and sideways so it does not hit the uncultivated soil.
Remember to keep your back straight and your hands at waist level. It’s comfortable for you, you can work with the tiller for a long time and it won’t be bad for your health.
Gradually, working with the tiller on the power tiller will become easy for you. You will get used to it and it will be easy and quick. You can then walk on the side of the tiller, for example, by twisting its handles to avoid stepping on already tilled soil, or come up with other improvements for better and more efficient tillage of farmland.
Types of cutters
The active milling cutter is delivered knocked down from the manufacturer’s factory. This is due not only to the fact that so the product is more compact (that is, it is cheaper and easier to transport), but also to the peculiarities of metal, which does not like welding. Before a mill can be mounted on a single axle tractor, it must be assembled.
Correctly, accurately and clearly written text instructions for the assembly of the tiller is a necessary document for the production of this work. However, it is also very convenient if you have at hand a well-written assembly diagram of a tiller for a power tiller. After all, often information is better perceived by humans through the drawings, rather than through words. That is, one in this case perfectly complements the other. Also on the Internet you can easily find many videos of the assembly of the cutter, including those where the master not only assembles the cutter, but also simultaneously explains what he does. This is much more visible to the viewer.
Materials and tools required
The active sabre cutter uses only bolted connections between the constituent parts. This means that it is not necessary to use complex and expensive equipment (e.g. a welding machine). Practically any person can do it, even if they have no specialized training. Bolts, nuts and washers are usually already included with the cutters. But it happens that the factory forgot to put the right bag at all or made a mistake with the quantity (the package contains fewer fasteners than needed). Then the necessary parts can be purchased at the market, in a construction supermarket or in a specialized store. it is absolutely no problem. A wrench of the right size is also available to many in the garage or at home, and if you suddenly do not have one, buying the right tool will not hit the budget.
In brief, the assembly of the cutter for the power tiller is made in the following order:
- Choose the correct direction of rotation. Because during operation, the sharpened part of the cutter will run into the ground.
- Use the bolts to place the cutter blades in the sockets that are specially designed for this purpose.
- Then put washers on the bolts and carefully tighten the nuts.
It is not so easy to make a mistake in the process, because everything is clear even intuitively. Note, however, that the blades are factory embossed with L and R markings. L means the part will be installed on the left side, and R on the right side, respectively.
The additional section is attached to the main section with a pin. The limiting disc is connected to the rest of the machine with a bolt and nut.
How to assemble a sabre mill on a single axle tractor
It is not at all difficult to mount a tiller on a single-axle tractor, but first it is necessary to assemble it correctly, setting the correct direction of rotation: the sharpened part of the mechanism should plunge into the soil.
the single axle tractor should be leaned on the coulter, then tilted by about 45 degrees. Then you need to put the goosenecks under the handlebar and simply remove the wheel.
Assembling a tiller for a power tiller is a process that is fairly quick to master, but before proceeding with it, you should decide on the functions that the finished unit should perform. If you decide to assemble the tiller yourself, you should first make a rough drawing. After assembly, you need to test the unit and make appropriate adjustments to its design, if necessary. The scheme of assembling a cutter on a single-axle tractor allows you to understand the design of the machine in more detail.
Installing the tiller on a single axle tractor
Before you install the cutter on a single-axle tractor, it must be assembled, determining the direction of rotation. Make sure that the sharpened part of the product plunges into the ground. The single-axle tractor rests on the coulter and then tilts 45 degrees. In doing so, the goosenecks are placed under the handlebar handlebar, and the wheel is removed.Before you begin to assemble the cutters, you need to decide on their functional purpose, and then make a rough drawing. Once the assembly is complete, the product is tested and, if necessary, adjustments are made to its design.
These tips will help you to understand such additional equipment as tillers. You can buy them on the website of the company AgroMotoCenter, which offers garden equipment and accessories for it only of high quality!
Video of the tiller assembly
In this video we have assembled tillers in an obvious but not correct way. Also, below. text description of the assembly process.
At the end of the article you can find a video with a quick conversion of this configuration into the right one. Getting ahead of ourselves: the difference lies in the orientation of one blade in each section.
Homemade tillers for a power tiller
Manufacturers offer different versions of tillers for power tillers. You can use one set of cutters or buy two different types of devices, changing them depending on the conditions of soil processing.
Some craftsmen prefer to use homemade products, which, if properly assembled, will be no worse than the factory ones.
The main advantage of independent creation of a tiller is that it can be adjusted to the specific features of the plot.
Cutter on a single-axle Kentavr tractor: value, application
Cutter for the Kentavr power tiller while working breaks up large clumps of soil, allows you to comprehensively process the soil, which is the main task of the device.
Cutter consists of blades (made of strong steel), which are bolted to the frame. The framework itself is presented in the form of a so-called “herringbone”.
It should also be noted that the active cutter for the power tiller allows first-class processing of the ground, and with minimal labor costs.
Mounting the cutters to a single-axle tractor
To install the tillers on a single-axle tractor, you should use special wooden trestles, the height of which should be about 50 cm. The machine should be supported on a coulter and tilted at a 45 degree angle. Then the wheels are removed and the tillers are put on. On the outer ends, special plates are installed on both sides, which make the machine run more smoothly and steadily.
All tillers are self-sharpening tools. Sharpening is not necessary, as it would only damage the structure. Only in some cases, if you have been using the tiller for a long time and see that it is not working properly, you can sharpen the blades.
The tiller is an important element of every cultivation implement. Self-made, properly assembled tillers can be used on any modern power tillers, particularly on Neva MB 1 and MB 2, MTZ and others. These designs will help in land cultivation and make agricultural tasks easier.