Sawing Particleboard. methods and processing methods

[contents]If you at least once tried to saw chipboard at home, you know for sure that this work is not easy and requires not only skill, but also a good tool. Laminated chipboard is especially difficult to process, and sawing it often leads to splinters and chips. That is why many craftsmen, faced with this problem, come to the conclusion that it is better to saw the chipboard when buying, especially since many trade organizations provide similar services and the price for them is quite acceptable.

Sawing Wood and chipboard is carried out with the use of precise formatting and cutting machines, which will help to obtain blanks of a given size and shape.

Modern models allow you to saw panel materials not only horizontally and vertically, but also at an angle.

In addition to cutting sheets you will be helped to calculate and provide in a video file several options for competent and economical sawing of sheet material (using special computer programs) and, if necessary, will make edging. However, if you, for whatever reason, prefer to do this work yourself, before sawing particleboard will have to do some preparatory work.

Ways to minimize chipping

An additional cause of splintering can be the tooth bending of the file. That’s why the first thing to take care of is the purchase of a tool with a straight cut (often Bosh saws). However, it should be noted that with prolonged work, such saws overheat and can even bend in the process of cutting. In view of what it is necessary to make pauses in work for cooling down of the cutting tool.

However, one saw blade replacement is not enough and in order to cut Laminated Particle Board (laminate) with the jigsaw without chips you need to do some fine-tuning of the jigsaw. Namely, to make sure that when the saw moves against the inclination of the tooth, the material is not torn out. What is enough to make a thrust pad. This is the conclusion that can be drawn from trying to cut two sheets of laminated chipboard at the same time Laminated chipboard. So, there will be practically no chips on the bottom element.

To make a landing pad for an electric jigsaw, it is enough to saw a rectangle of any solid material (for example, laminate) with dimensions identical to those of the electric tool’s soleplate.

laminated, chipboard, splitting, circular

Then a notch should be made along the larger axial line and the resulting tooling should be fixed to the sole of the jigsaw with insulation tape or double-sided adhesive tape. All finishing is ready and it is possible to perform finishing works in compliance with certain recommendations.

First, as mentioned above, you should use a jigsaw file with a straight cut.

Secondly, in order to better control the cutting process, it is justified to apply the marking line for the trimmer on both sides of the Laminated chipboard and check the accuracy of processing from the top and bottom.

And thirdly, to take constant breaks in the work to cool the cutting equipment.

Sometimes the solution in this matter can be a simple cutting through the laminated layer of the material with a mounting knife, and the subsequent work with a jigsaw will no longer cause large defects in the form of chips. However, this work requires from the performer a certain experience and accuracy.

What tools can be used

Hacksaw

This tool is used for the good old scratch method. I must say that a good quality cut with a hacksaw is difficult to achieve.

  • First we scratch or cut the measuring line for the trimmer through the material with some stabbing tool (for example, a knife) and stick the adhesive tape on it. It is needed in order not to damage the laminate surface.
  • We direct the hacksaw to the material at an angle of 30 degrees and move it smoothly back and forth. Chips from it will definitely remain in this case.
  • If there are any damages left by the hacksaw we need to go over them with a file (from the edge to the center).
  • The final step. to process the cuts Laminated chipboard sandpaper, so there is no roughness.

The main advantage of the hacksaw is its accessibility and ease of handling, but it does not perform the function we need to prevent chipping, so we do not recommend its use.

The jigsaw

The electric jigsaw is the most popular solution at home, as the tool itself does not cost a fabulous amount of money, and therefore is available to the average consumer.

Jigsaws for cutting worktops with the jigsaw should be small, no more than 75 cm long, with class A or B teeth, especially suited for Laminate chipboard.

When sawing with a jigsaw, you need to make smooth movements with the tool without pressure and at a speed slightly higher than average. It is on the opposite side of the board from where the jigsaw teeth fit that splintering is most likely to occur.

Chips in the process appear on the back side of the board and spoil the appearance of the part. They can only be removed with a router, which is an additional amount of work and material overrun. Consequently this tool is not suitable for us either.

Circular saw

A circular (or circular) saw is another tool that can be used to make furniture parts.

For sawing it is necessary to mark out the guide lines on the boards and fix the saw on the board, but it is not guaranteed that the edges of the parts will be straight. Chips appear on the reverse side of the board. And you can only process them with plastic profiles with snaps on the ends Chipboard. But a circular saw is not the cheapest pleasure, and even with it you will not avoid chips, so in this case there is no point in overpaying.

Router

Another option for sawing laminated chipboard is a power tool for manual woodworking. It is used in combination with the jigsaw. The process looks like this: first you saw Laminated chipboard with a jigsaw, moving slightly away from the marking, and then a cutter with a bearing, which deepens the cut to the desired level.

The main disadvantages of this tool is that it is not as common as, for example, an angle grinder, and will not find everyone in the house. Well, its use. it is quite a labor-intensive process, which can handle only qualified professionals, and beginners should not even approach it.

Formatting and Nesting Machine

The most adequate cut and a guarantee of absence of chips can provide only one tool. panel sawing machine, which belongs to the professional equipment. Since the machine is very expensive and is used mainly in production, amateurs usually can not afford it. The only optimal solution in this case is to turn to professionals. Companies that specialize in sawing parts for furniture, usually use these machines in their work.

Slicers have the following settings, which are set depending on the length and width of the panel to be sawn:

The machines themselves are divided into the following varieties:

The components of a formatting and nesting machine that allow for precision and no chipping in the production of parts:

  • The frame is the stationary base of the machine, to which all the other mechanisms are attached. The heavier it is, the better for sawing, because this eliminates vibrations and oscillations that can interfere with the process;
  • scoring unit. an element that pre-sawns the workpiece blank and serves to ensure that there are no chips at the bottom;
  • the main saw serves for the final sawing of the board and is responsible for a clean cut without chips on top;
  • work tables. there are three in total. The first is stationary and serves as a base for the scoring unit, the second is movable and it feeds the plate to the disk, the third serves to support parts that are sawn off the plate;
  • the carriage is the part of the machine that makes it possible for the formatting table to move;
  • stops and rulers. components whose main function is to fix the plate in the right position.

The design of formatting and cutting machines allows them to provide such precision in cutting Laminated wood chipboard details for furniture, which no other tool can guarantee. In addition, this is the only way to completely avoid chipping.

What categorically should not be used for sawing laminated chipboard

Before proceeding to the tools that can be used, it is necessary to note the one that is better not to use, because it is only one. And this is an angle grinder, or, as it is also called, angle grinder.

For sawing it is not used, in-1-s, as in the process of operation on the finished parts just chipping appear, no matter how hard you try. And 2, because when working with an angle grinder is easy to hurt yourself. All the more so, the blanks for furniture made of Laminated chipboard can be obtained with much more non-hazardous tools.

Router

Another option for sawing laminated chipboard is an electric tool for manual woodworking. It is used in combination with a jigsaw. The process looks like this: first, saw laminated chipboard with a jigsaw, a little deviation from the markings, and later with a mill with a bearing, which deepens the cut to a suitable level.

The main disadvantages of this tool is that it is not as common as, for example, angle grinder, and not everyone can find at home. Well, its implementation. a rather labor-intensive process with which can cope only qualified professionals, and the newcomers to it do not even approach.

Jigsaw

Electric jigsaw. this is the most popular solution in home criteria, as the tool itself does not cost fabulous money, and thus available to the average consumer.

Saw blades for sawing worktops with a jigsaw should choose a small length (not exceeding 75 cm) with teeth grades A or B, suitable specifically for Laminated chipboard.

In the process of sawing jigsaw should make smooth movements with the jigsaw without pressure at a speed slightly above average. Chips are more likely to appear specifically on the back side of the board from where the jigsaw teeth enter.

Chips arise on the reverse side of the board in the process and spoil the appearance of the part. It will be possible to remove them only with a hacksaw, but it’s an additional amount of work and material overrun. As follows, and this tool is not suitable for us.

Hacksaw

This tool is used for a good old-fashioned way to scratch. It must be said that it is difficult to achieve a good cut with a hacksaw.

  • First of all we scratch or cut through the measuring line for the trimmer on the material with some stabbing tool (for example, a knife) and stick the adhesive tape on it. It’s necessary in order not to destroy the laminated surface.
  • We guide the hacksaw to the material at an angle of 30 degrees and move it smoothly forward and backward. Chips from it in this case will certainly remain.
  • If there are any damages left from the hacksaw we go over them with the file (from the edge to the center).
  • The final step. to process the cuts Laminated chipboard sandpaper, so there are no roughness.

The main advantage of the hacksaw is its accessibility and ease of use, but it does not do the necessary function to prevent chipping, so we do not recommend its use.

Circular saw

Circular (or circular) saw. another tool that can be used for the production of furniture parts.

For sawing it is necessary to mark the guide lines of the mowing line on the boards and fasten the saw to the board, but it is not certain that the edges of the parts will turn out straight. Chips in all this occur on the back side of the board. And it is only possible to process them using plastic profiles with snaps on the ends Wood chipboard. But the circular saw is not the most affordable pleasure, and even with it you can not avoid chips, so in this case there is no sense to overpay.

How to make a machine with your own hands

When using a format-cutting machine you can get parts for furniture of high quality. This is due to the high precision of the production process, including cutting. Therefore, if it is difficult to buy ready-made equipment, but to start a business for the processing of Laminated chipboard is very desirable, you can build a machine with your own hands.

Tools and materials required

Saw unit of the machine is most often a welded construction, because it resists vibration most effectively.

In order for the equipment to work for several years, it is better to choose those materials for its manufacture that have been heat treated.

  • Tubes with square or round cross-section;
  • A beam or two round tubes connected to each other;
  • rollers;
  • steel plate not less than three millimeters thick;
  • sheet Particleboard;
  • lever mechanism of any configuration.

Making

Manufacturing begins with the main components and ends with the smaller ones.

The stages of making a machine for sawing Wood chipboard with their own hands :

  • Making the bed. Square or round tubes are needed. They are cut and fastened to each other with clamps. After checking the dimensions and the correct positioning of the components. welding.
  • Making the sliding carriage. Install guides, preferably a beam or two round tubes connected to each other. The carriage must be equipped with rollers for smooth sliding.
  • Making a work table. The base. from a steel sheet with a thickness of at least three millimeters, the working surface. from a sheet of chipboard, the measuring rulers are mounted on it.
  • Making clamps for the sheets, for example, from a lever mechanism of any configuration.
  • When finished, the cutting unit is connected to the chip-sink.

The quality of the finished products made on the machines of their own making is higher than that of the products created entirely by hand tools, but still lower than that of the machines of industrial production.

Ways to minimize chipping

Additional cause of splintering could be saw teeth bending. That’s why the first thing to do is to get a straight cut tool (often Bosh saw blades). However, it should be noted that with prolonged work, such saws overheat and can even bend in the process of cutting. Why it is necessary to take breaks in work to cool down the cutting tool.

However, one saw blade replacement is not enough and in order to cut laminated woodchip board (laminate) with an electric jigsaw without splintering it is necessary to do some fine-tuning of the electric tool. Namely, to make sure that when you move the saw against the inclination of the tooth, the material does not tear out. For what it is sufficient to make a thrust pad. This is the conclusion you can draw from trying to cut through two sheets of laminated chipboard at the same time Laminated chipboard. So there will be almost no splinters on the bottom piece.

In order to make a landing pad for the jigsaw, it is enough to saw a rectangle of any dense material (for example, laminate) with dimensions identical to those of the base of the electric tool.

Then a notch should be made along the larger centerline and the resulting tooling should be secured to the sole of the jigsaw with insulating tape or double-sided adhesive tape. All finalization is ready and you can perform finishing work in compliance with certain recommendations.

First, as mentioned above, you should use a file for an electric jigsaw with a straight cut.

Secondly, in order to better control the process of cutting, it is justified to apply the marking line for the trimmer on both sides of the Laminated Wood Chipboard and check the accuracy of machining from the top and bottom.

Well and thirdly, to make constant breaks in the work to cool the cutting equipment.

Sometimes the solution in this matter can be a simple cutting through the laminated layer of material with a mounting knife, and the subsequent work with a jigsaw will no longer cause major defects in the form of chips. However, this work requires a certain experience and accuracy from the performer.

We recently bought a coffee table, the price is not expensive, but there is a “but”. The height of the table for our interior is too high. It would be good to reduce the height of the table by about 10 centimeters. As they say, we do not look for easy ways, decided that

I remembered that on our site is a specialist asoleg, who did. I am far from him, of course, but some recommendations may help. I got in touch with him, explained the problem and he kindly shared his secret. With his permission, I publish his technology of cutting furniture wood chipboard without chips.

Everything turned out to be banally simple. Marking the line for the trimmer cut. After that, office knife, on a ruler, cut through the top layer of chipboard. We just have to move the knife a few times with a little effort along the cutting line. (I recommend to practice on an unnecessary part of the chipboard) If you press very hard, the decorative layer will start to swell and it will not turn out very nice.

Further step aside 1-2 millimeters from the marked line in the direction of the rough part, and cut with a jigsaw or a suitable saw with teeth pointing to the handle of the saw. We make a gap on the opposite side of the cut to avoid the chipping at the end of the cut. And we saw all the way through. It is necessary to saw carefully, not hurriedly. Then, using a medium grit emery cloth attached to the block, we smooth out the end face of the workpiece. If necessary, we remove the millimeter we had cut off. My cut was almost perfect, after sanding there was no scuffing at all. The photo shows the difference between the left and right side of the cut. And, accordingly, if both parts of the chipboard will be necessary, we cut through with the knife from both sides of the cut. Measure the thickness of the cut with the jigsaw or saw and add 2 millimeters. The distance which should be between the slots made with a paper knife is created. Cut exactly between these lines. Then you won’t get a burr on the other side. Of course you need to use a sharp tool, I use a tool.

Everything turned out great. On the finished table my wife could not find the place where I was cutting.

How to Cut Laminate Flooring Dust-Free with a Circular Saw

Thank you for your help and assistance asoleg.

Tags: How to cut chipless chipboard. How to cut chipboard without splitting.

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If you like to do things with your own hands, read the article.

How to saw laminated chipboard without splitting at home, let’s try to understand briefly. At present cabinet furniture is very popular, which is also made of laminated chipboard. Laminated chipboard is a thinly sanded chipboard coated with a paper-tar film. The surface is durable and beautiful. In addition Laminated chipboard compared with solid wood is a cheap material, and at the expense of the laminated coating, there is no need to paint or varnish the finished product.

laminated, chipboard, splitting, circular

The texture and color of the surface is very diverse, but the main disadvantage of Laminated chipboard is that if it is not cut carelessly, the material can chip off.

How to saw chipboard without chipping?

Before you start sawing Particle board, especially laminated, cut through with a sharp tool the line for the trimmer, on which we will saw and glue a paper tape with a sticky layer along it. This helps to minimize damage to the decorative layer of the chipboard.

To avoid chipping as little as possible, the hacksaw should be run at an acute angle to the surface (not more than 30°). Moves should be smooth, without excessive pressure on the plate and sharp jerks.

If chipping is still unavoidable, we process the saw cut first with a file, working in the direction from the edges to the center, and then with a fine-grained emery cloth. You can also mask any defects by applying, where possible, a flexible profile.

How and what is the correct way to cut a hole in the countertop for the sink?

Admin1 13.10.2018 Repair Комментарии и мнения владельцев to the entry How and what is the correct way to cut a hole in the countertop under the sink? Disabled 6,518 Views From our article you learn how to cut a sink hole in the countertop, what to take into account and what is better to cut a countertop under the sink.

“Saving money, that’s how it should be”, the careful owner says. And not only order a budget kitchen, but also plan to cut out a hole in the countertop for the sink yourself. True, this operation only at first glance, it seems simple. For successful results, you need:

  • Know how to work with this or that material (for example, a quartz countertop will not cause difficulties);
  • Have a set of necessary tools (or know where you can rent it);
  • understand the nuances, so as not to spoil the product (expert advice is important here).

Only then you can achieve maximum quality and after completing the whole complex of works enjoy the flawless functioning of the kitchen for many years.

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