Two.Handed saw. For harvesting firewood and sawing logs video

The transverse two-handed saw, the people of Friendship-2, will be relevant at all times! Watch the video how without gasoline and butter is it sawing logs!

The first iron saws were invented by Scandinavians. Saws cast in stone forms. However, due to poor quality, such saws could not withstand competition with axes.

handed, saws, alone

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After many centuries in ancient Greece, saws began to make saws by forging, which made it possible to achieve high firmness of metal and, as a result, improve the quality of the products [2].

Design features of the file

This tool for two is also called a transverse saw, which belongs to the category of manual devices, and is used mainly for sawing wood materials of different sizes and thicknesses. For this, the saw has different lengths of paintings. From one meter to two. It is inconvenient to hold such a long canvas, so there are two handles in the design of the device. Not only in Soviet times, but today the release of two.Handed hacksaws in compliance with standard sizes continues:

The canvas does not have a straight shape, but rounded, which is done specifically to increase the efficiency of sawing, as well as reduce the load. The teeth on the canvases are large compared to manual hacksaws, and their size is 20 mm. Even if you use a meter saw, then working with it is inconveniently inconvenient. There are several reasons for this:

  • Long length does not allow a strong scope to the sawer
  • Large teeth of the saw hardly bite into a tree, and therefore the sawer alone will not cope with the incitement of the cutting device
  • Strong vibration helps to increase the load, as well as a decrease in the effectiveness of the actions performed

Saws with a canvas 1000 and 1250 mm are popular due to the fact that they have a simplified design. Scabings with canvases of 1500 and 1750 mm were used mainly in industry for sawing building and wood materials. In the household, if they meet, then exclusively saws with a canvas 1 m and 1.25 m. They have classic triangular links, the sharpening angle of which varies from 35 to 70 degrees.

  • For sawing dry and frozen logs, it is recommended to use a transverse saw with an angle of sharpening of teeth at 50-70 degrees
  • For sawing soft wood, a tool with prisoning of links at an angle of 35-40 degrees is used

Two.Handed saws with canvases from 1.5 meters have a complex design, which simplifies the use of a large aggregate. Special sharpening and shape of teeth on large files is needed to perform high.Quality and fast sawing material. The principle of sawing with a hacksaw with a long canvas (1.5-1.75m) differs from the operation of the saw by 1m and 1.25m in that half of the teeth is responsible for cutting the fibers, and the second part contributes to the rapid and efficient removal of the chips from under the place of cutting.

If I fell into the hands of a saw with a complex shape of the teeth, then do not rush to sharpen it at home. If you do not take into account the difference between the shares of millimeters in the complex design of the teeth, then the attempt to restore integrity will lead to the complete damage of the two.Handed saw. The consequences will be approximately as follows:

  • If the difference in the ratio of angles between cutting and cleansing teeth is reduced to one value, then instead of sawing, the canvas will tear the wood and only complicate the physical labor of sawmills
  • If the difference in the ratio of the teeth is large, then the chips from the site of the cut will not be effectively displayed, which will also complicate the work

That is why the sharpening of the transverse saw requires an appropriate and competent approach. The principle of sharpening a two.Handed saw from 1 m to 1.25 m is similar to the process of pulling the teeth of manual hacksaws.

How to Use a Handsaw // Woodworking

Manual saw for firewood

I have an electric saw, it is convenient to saw firewood, but. You never know, energy will turn off, and you also need to work with your hands, at least for fitness reasons.

Planned use: cutting firewood, that is, trunks, relatively thick branches, snags, fins. Hands, without electricity and not a chainsaw. One person, so “Friendship-2” disappears, it is inconvenient to work inconvenient for her alone.

There is a hacksaw, some kind of relatively cheap, but her teeth seem to be small: common sense suggests that for firewood it is necessary to drank quickly, and it does not matter that it is smooth.

handed, saws, alone

There is an old, grandfather’s still, a beam saw, but the teeth are completely tired on it, her grandfather saw her foam concrete, and I don’t know how such canvases are sold, whether they were sold whether.

I saw a Soviet hacksaw from a neighbor, more than half a meter long, from a brutal dies.

What do you think, which tool is suitable for this purpose? The price is not critical (within reasonable limits), more than once faced that the tool is more expensive. Noticeably better.

At a minimum I want to determine the type of saw:

The canvases are sold at the beam saw. You can try a manual chain saw in Krasnoyarsk, it costs 350-450

Hacksaw. In my opinion this is a camping option. But in the household this is an indispensable subject. So I would start with this device, for it will not be left without work anyway.

It was firewood, I liked sawing a ray saw more. Only my beam drank from my grandfather inherited remained.

Sergejs_. The topic of wood sawing manually was checked by me at first for many years a private house with stove heating, and now for several years as a summer house in the forest. The most productive is a beam saw. It was somehow discussed here. A ray in principle can be any, but the canvas is preferably fifty. In length. I use 610mm saw.

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So far, it is more or less clear that I will take that old saw, stink the length of the canvas, and go to the woodworking store, maybe there is a canvas of this size. That beam looks quite charismatic!

And the fastenings of the paintings are standard? Similarly with mounts drank metal?

Sergejs_. If you are talking about carpentry ray saws (which are with a wooden beam). Then this is not a little. It is necessary to take a beam for firewood with an iron ray. They are inexpensive. I mean what I mean

Boston wrote: We must take a beam for firewood with an iron ray.

Aa, then on the contrary, we must act. In an indispensable store, look at the iron beam that does not bother with a strict glance, write down their lengths, and then go to Sandvik, watch canvases.

By analogy with metal hacksaws-standard cheap canvases in the kit will be slack-like.

Sergejs_. Better immediately take the hacksaw itself is also good, so as not to swear later. What I saw in our stores, no criticism is amenable. The same analogy with hacksaws for metal, cheap Chinese bends in all directions, praises back and forth. Expensive Chinese. Durable, but heavy.

I use Bahco Ergo 607 mm for firewood is very convenient. In the campaign, firewood can be harvested, both productively and fitness.

Sergejs_ wrote: aa, then on the contrary you need to act. In an indispensable store, look at the iron beam that does not bother with a strict glance, write down their lengths, and then go to Sandvik, watch canvases.

Yes, look by the hand. Otherwise it happens that a fist does not climb into the handle or something else. Regarding the paintings. Take 2 types: with the Kremlin tooth and with the usual for dry wood.

Sergejs_ wrote: by analogy with knife-haireds for metal-standard including cheap canvases will be slack-like.

Firm hacksaws are already immediately with normal canvases.

Boston. And how much the difference is felt? (sorry for offtopic). As far as I remember, the Kremlin tooth is better removed by a soft viscous chips of raw living tree. The teeth are not clogged. I never ordered additional paintings, and with what tooth I bought this fiscars now I don’t remember. In stores we have no canvases, only through the yenternet. I drank little, planning and fuel briquettes rule, yesterday the gazelle brought with them, well, the circular settled in the house. But the day before yesterday, when the briquettes ended and the roads are swallowed so that you can only go on a tractor, I was going to saw manually. In general, on a dry tree (old boards, pallets from under brick) is difficult to wash out, and while you saw a strive to jump out. And in the summer he sawed Osin alive, as in clockwork! Apparently this is just a “Kremlin” tooth.

Sailrmorgan wrote: I use Bahco Ergo 607 mm for firewood is very convenient. In the campaign, firewood can be harvested, both productively and fitness.

I completely agree. I use this in the country everything suits.

Well, for general development, look at Silky Fox Katana Boy 500, they say that a very cool saw. Manual saw at the price of a good chainsaw!

Sergeytd wrote: How much does it feel? (sorry for offtopic). As far as I remember, the Kremlin tooth is better removed by a soft viscous chips of raw living tree. The teeth are not clogged.

Yes, Kremlin for raw wood. Let’s say it is a very strong difference (like a hacksaw for longitudinal or transverse sawing when the boards bloom) between two types of teeth when sawing raw wood, I did not notice. The dry difference is more noticeable. Nevertheless, raw wood saw only the Kremlin tooth.

Sergeytd wrote: in stores we have no canvases, only through the yenternet

With this, we have easier. I bought myself expensive heels of paintings, because it is a lot to saw.

Sergeytd wrote: Well, the circular settled in the house.

I don’t have such an electricity at the dacha, in the forest (well, the forest is said loudly) to cut even rotting, rolling trees without demand. Therefore, you do not walk around with a chainsaw.

Sergeytd wrote: in general, on a dry tree (old boards, pallets from under brick) is difficult to washed down, and while you saw the striving to jump out. And in the summer he sawed Osin alive, as in clockwork! Apparently this is just a “Kremlin” tooth.

Yes, it is difficult to wash out in a dry tree due to a large tooth. And the aspen is just soft in itself, it is easy to saw it.

Cutting the same strips

In the technical arsenal of a home master, it is very good to have a device that allows you to get the same strips of plywood, non.Weed boards, soft metal, plastic or weaving plastic. The simplest design of such a device consists of two bars, fastened together with nails at a constant angle of the cutter, driven into the end of the upper beam.

A more advanced design allows you to change the position of the cutter with the help of a barashka nut and receive, respectively, strips of any width.

Woodcock device

Special requirements are imposed on the frame of the beam saw on wood. It should be hard and at the same time light so as not to increase physical activity during sawing. The task is satisfied with a special tubular profile with a very small width. This allows you to easily bend it in the process of manufacturing to the required configuration of the frame, without losing the strength of the part, providing the saw of the necessary mobility.

One of the main differences in the design of modern ray saws on wood is the principle of tension of a saw canvas. For example, Gardena or Proline trademarks use a pen with an eccentric: by changing the angle of inclination of the handle with it with respect to the longitudinal axis of sawing, so you can adjust the tension force force.

The manufacturers of saw from Bahco Stanley went along the other way: there a special screw mechanism for tensioning the saw canvas is mounted there in the handle. The choice is determined by the convenience of use, however, the presence of a screw mechanism provides tension of increased accuracy, and does not depend on the random movements of the user, when the position of the handle during sawing can randomly change. Therefore, the rotary mechanism of tension is recommended to be used in the presence of some experience with a beam saw.

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For fasteners of the saw canvas, removable cords or lamb screws are used to the opposite part of the “bowstring” (frames), the latter are more reliable, since the slap, usually made of soft steel, wear out over time, and can spontaneously exit the mount.

What can be made from a two.Handed saw interesting ideas

If a two.Handed saw is not used for its intended purpose or a certain number of teeth is absent on the canvas, then you should not rush to get rid of it. If it cannot be used as a large saw, then you can make many different, interesting and useful devices from it. First, find out why a two.Handed saw is used to make different devices? The reasons for this popularity are as follows:

  • The instrument of the time of the USSR was made using high.Quality high.Strength steel of the 9XF brand, with a thickness of 1 to 3 mm. Now it is almost impossible to meet such steel
  • Strict observance of GOST 980-80 and standards in manufacture, which improves the quality of the paintings
  • Resistance to corrosion exposure

Now, when it is known why it is worth choosing a two-handed saw “Friendship-2” for the manufacture of different devices, we will figure out what can be done from it.

  • Hand saw. The first thing that can be made from a two-handed hacksaw Friendship-2 is a manual hacksaw. The principle of manufacturing ordinary hacksaws is simple. You need to draw a chalk or pencil on the canvas the shape of a future tool. Then, using a corner grinder, cut it along the template, and fix the handle to the resulting workpiece. The handle can be bought or removed from the Chinese files
  • A knife from a two.Handed saw Friendship 2 (or throwing knives). Similarly to the template, a billet of the future knife is cut, and then the blade is sharpened and the handle is prepared. When sharpening, it must be taken into account that this is necessary with the help of a file, but not a sandpaper in any way. After all, excess metal heating will lead to a decrease in the strength of the strength
  • Spring. The type of device in question has colossal cushioning properties, which allows you to use the device for manufacturing, for example, catapults or other similar devices

Options for using an unnecessary transverse file in the farm of many. Что из нее сделать, все зависит от того, что надо в хозяйстве — хороший нож, ручная ножовка или другие приспособления.

Summing up, it should be noted that a two.Handed saw is worth it to give her a second life. After all, friendship-2 of those times is a real rarity that is able to last at least a couple of decades. Today you can also buy modern hacksaws of two.Handed type of manufacturers as Zubrov, Matrix, Sibrtekh and others. If we compare them in quality with files of domestic production, then they are no worse cope with the tasks what depends on the manufacturer.

handed, saws, alone

  • First you need to fix the tool. This cannot be done even the largest vice in the lips, so we use two corresponding boards length. We have boards parallel to the canvas, leaving only the teeth in sight. If there is no vise, then you can use the clamp
  • Work should start with the wiring of the teeth. All teeth should have the same height. You can determine the presence of protruding links by eye, and in order to equalize them with the others, you should work with a flat file
  • At the next stage, it is necessary to build the teeth on the same angle of deviation from the plane of the canvas. To carry out wiring, you will need a special tool. It is also recommended that you make a template (layout) to check the sufficiency of linking links (or buy it). Dilute the teeth should be 0.5 mm from the plane of the canvas or 1 mm from each other. The wiring process is carried out alternately. How often do not many masters know the wiring of teeth. According to the rules, it is necessary to carry out wiring no more than 1 time for 5-6 sharpening of the end of the completion, it remains to treat the tool canvas with machine oil, and resort to use for sawing thick logs, trees and even lumber. When carrying out work, it is recommended to observe safety precautions so as not to be injured.

A log with a diameter of about 30 cm and I decided to saw these on 3 parts. 2 “Gorbil” and one “slab” I have aspen logs, mostly 30 centimeters in diameter and I decided to saw such a log for 3 parts. From the middle 10 cm board (slab), which is well suited for the countertop and for the shelf and 2 “humps” from the edges that can be used for all kinds of benches. I will dissolve Brevna by the method of lawyer Egorov. I think that many know such a channel on YouTube, where the author builds a hut in the forest, makes a water wheel and makes all kinds of incredible things. A very cool channel, a bunch of subscribers, but if you suddenly do not know. I will leave a link to it at the end, be sure to watch its video. Egorov’s lawyer tried many methods of cutting logs on boards and came to one simplest and effective. He describes his method as flying chainsaw movements during cutting (watch the video at the end, like I was sawing boards).

Sharpening of a two.Handed tool is no different from the sharpening of a hacksaw on wood. Unless the teeth are larger, but for work it is even more convenient. For sharpening, we need a triangular file, a layout for proper wiring and a home.Made vise. Since the canvas is large, and the usual vice will not suit us, it should be from two boards selected to the size of the saw, and four legs build the desired structure. The boards will play the role of a vice. We will clamp the canvas between them, tightly twisting the boards with a rope, and in order not to bend low, this simple system can be put on the legs. First, check the height of all the teeth. You should not have protruding or Western elements. The protruding teeth should be stuck with a flat file to the level of the rest, but do not forget that the height of the tooth itself from the base to the tip should remain the same! Therefore, having stood his top, you need to make cuts deep into the cloth at the base of the teeth. When stuck, it is recommended to attach the file to the wooden bar, which you will hold with your hands. This is the likelihood of injury to your hands and fingers much lower. When all the teeth are led to one height, do their wiring, this is necessary to provide a wider sawing, in which the canvas will easily pass. For wiring, you need to take the teeth one by one to the left, then to the right, while it is very important to dilute them at the same angle to the cloth itself. To do this, make or buy special metal strips with limiters. With such a tool you will be able to bend all the teeth at the right angle. It is recommended to dilute 1 mm thicker than the canvas itself or half a million on each side. This operation will not need to be carried out so often-once for 5-6 sharpening. When the wiring is over, you can proceed with sharpening. To do this, bring the file to the cutting edge and move it from yourself until you achieve the desired result. Follow the safety rules. Start moving a file only when it will already lie on the edge, and not in a scale. Distracted, you can run around with your hand on sharp teeth! First go on one side of each element, and then go to the other side and repeat the sharpening. Please note that in the teeth the edges are different. Short separates wood fibers, and the side cuts, so that the fast, light and accurate transverse saw is obtained.

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Why sharpen and when

With constant use of teeth, they lose their severity, the cutting edges wear out, worsening the quality of the saw and increasing the time to complete the task.

Buying a new one will not correct the situation for a long time, and it will take no more than half an hour to restore the old canvas.

Timely sharpening of a hacksaw will restore the cutting ability of the incisors, and will always have a working tool at hand.

Correct the severity of the cutting edges is at the first signs of wear, which can touch the local areas and the entire working surface.

The sizes of the cutting of the incisors are also changing, and this leads to jamming during operation.

Sharpening the saw. What is the secret of sharpness?

Sharpening of a two.Handed tool is no different from the sharpening of a hacksaw on wood. Unless the teeth are larger, but for work it is even more convenient. For sharpening, we need a triangular file, a layout for proper wiring and a home.Made vise. Since the canvas is large, and the usual vice will not suit us, it should be from two boards selected to the size of the saw, and four legs build the desired structure. The boards will play the role of a vice. We will clamp the canvas between them, tightly twisting the boards with a rope, and in order not to bend low, this simple system can be put on the legs.

First, check the height of all the teeth. You should not have protruding or Western elements. The protruding teeth should be stuck with a flat file to the level of the rest, but do not forget that the height of the tooth itself from the base to the tip should remain the same! Therefore, having stood his top, you need to make cuts deep into the cloth at the base of the teeth. When stuck, it is recommended to attach the file to the wooden bar, which you will hold with your hands. This is the likelihood of injury to your hands and fingers much lower.

When all the teeth are led to one height, do their wiring, this is necessary to provide a wider sawing, in which the canvas will easily pass. For wiring, you need to take the teeth one by one to the left, then to the right, while it is very important to dilute them at the same angle to the cloth itself. To do this, make or buy special metal strips with limiters. With such a tool you will be able to bend all the teeth at the right angle. It is recommended to dilute 1 mm thicker than the canvas itself or half a million on each side. This operation will not need to be carried out so often-once for 5-6 sharpening.

When the wiring is over, you can proceed with sharpening. To do this, bring the file to the cutting edge and move it from yourself until you achieve the desired result. Follow the safety rules. Start moving a file only when it will already lie on the edge, and not in a scale. Distracted, you can run around with your hand on sharp teeth! First go on one side of each element, and then go to the other side and repeat the sharpening. Please note that in the teeth the edges are different. Short separates wood fibers, and the side cuts, so that the fast, light and accurate transverse saw is obtained.

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