How to cut aluminum with end saw

Cutting metal profile has long ceased to be an impossible task. Today there are a lot of tools and devices with which you can easily cope with such work processes. In this article, we will learn how the cutting of an aluminum profile can be implemented.

Review of compact equipment

Aluminum profile cutting can be carried out by various devices. For example, in the preparation of such material for the further installation of drywall the most convenient and practical in operation, compact devices are found in operation. Many masters prefer to use such equipment, since it does not take up much space, is easily transferred from place to place, and for working with it you do not have to make a lot of unnecessary efforts.

Consider the main features of the most popular compact devices with which an aluminum profile can be cut.

Hacksaw

Not in all cases, there is the possibility of using electrical equipment to cut a metal profile. We are talking about tools like a end saw. For this reason, masters often have to cost a simpler tool. The most popular and practical device is a scabbard for metal. Through this device, it will be possible to cut the sheet material and the profile of moderate thickness. They always begin to do cutting from the ribs, and then they act already on the back side. Finish on the sides.

The metal hacksaw has a lot of positive qualities that make it convenient and practical.

  • A similar tool is characterized by a very small weight. Due to this, during the cutting of the aluminum profile, the hands do not get tired and do not start to get sick.
  • Working with the tool under consideration is extremely simple. Everyone is capable of dealing with the principle of operation of a hacksaw for metal.
  • This device itself is inexpensive. Metal hacksaws are sold in many stores. In most of them, this tool has more than a democratic price tag.
  • The efficiency of a hacksaw can be compared with the efficiency of an electric jigsaw. Of course, working with a manual tool, the master is leaving more time and efforts.

Of the minuses, it is worth noting the following.

  • A lot of time is spent on the cutting of metal.
  • In the course of cutting the profile of aluminum, it may be deformed.
  • Working with a hacksaw, the master will need to maintain an aluminum profile all the time. In this case, the clarity of the work will not be guaranteed.

Scissors

Cutting metal parts is even easier if there are special scissors in the tools. The process is extremely simple: it is enough to first mark the aluminum profile, and then cut it along the planned lines.

Scissors for metal work also have their own positive qualities. Let’s get acquainted with them.

  • By means of scissors, the metal is cut faster than in the case of the use of a hacksaw.
  • Metal scissors are inexpensive and sold in many stores, which indicates their availability.
  • If the tool is high.quality, and the master acts competently, then you can get very good and accurate results.

Scissors for metal are not devoid of certain flaws.

  • At the time of moving through the ribs of the workpiece, the risk of leaving from the applied marking line is high. Because of this, the workpiece itself or its bend is noticeably deteriorated.
  • Before cutting an aluminum profile, you will need to practice a little on the “black” blanks that are not a pity to spoil. You have to learn a little to cut the metal perfectly correctly and accurately, and this is extra time costs.

corner grinding

A great tool that is very good functional capabilities. By means of corner grinding, the aluminum profile can be cut as simple and fast as possible. Of course, for cutting you will need to use not grinding, but detachment circles. It will be necessary to choose a snap, which is characterized by a small thickness parameter. Only in this way it will be possible to reduce losses in the material as much as possible.

When carrying out work with a corner grinder, the master will definitely need to use protective equipment to protect the eyes and skin from sparks from getting on them.

Such a popular tool as an angular grinder has a number of significant advantages.

possible, aluminum, cutting
  • Through the corner grinder, the master can make a very accurate, sure cut. At the same time, it will take very little time.
  • Such equipment is relatively inexpensive and is produced by many well.known brands. In stores you can find a corner grinder of both budget and very expensive category.
  • Working with the tool under consideration does not require great effort from the master.
  • A special equipment intended for work with an aluminum profile is designed for a long service life. An ambulance she should not demand.

Against the backdrop of attractive qualities, do not forget about the shortcomings that the corner grinder has.

  • During the work, there is a risk of burning aluminum workpiece.
  • To make an absolutely even and correct cut is not so simple if the master does not have appropriate skills and experience with a corner grinder.
  • To achieve high accuracy of aluminum cutting, it is advisable to fix the corner grinder on a special base-stand. This part is sold separately and in stores it is far from always. If there is no such item, some masters use the vice.

Is it possible to choose a universal saw disk?

The choice of a saw disk is almost a science. At the same time, many parameters should be taken into account and the characteristics of different models should be compared. If there is no experience, then it will be more correct to seek a consultation with a specialist. At the same time, it is not always possible to get really necessary information from the sellers of saw discs. The choice is better to entrust a professional with cutting skills of different materials on a circulation saw.

Why is it so important not to make a mistake with the choice of disk? First of all, a competent approach to buying is required for security purposes. Circular saws occupy a leading position in the number of accidents in production. Such statistics can be changed if each performer and organizer of construction work will be more responsible to the question: “How to choose the right saw disk?””

Some try to save on consumables in every possible way and look for “universal” saw discs. But, there really are no such. It is impossible to choose a saw disk that would be equally performed by a cut of solid/soft wood, metal or various composites. The disk is selected for solving a specific problem. Of course, this approach provides for an increase in the cost of work, but this is justified by increasing speed, quality and safety.

For example, disks with a negative angle of teeth are suitable for end saws and provide a clean transverse cut. But it is impossible to use them for sawing tables (longitudinal cutting). such discs create the effect of “repulsing” the blanks, contribute to increasing the vibration and resistance of the material. Saw wheels, in which the teeth are located at a negative angle, usually have small interdental sinuses and a large number of teeth. Wood sawdust quickly clogs into these recesses, which increases the load on the engine.

Basic disks selection criteria

The cutting tool has certain characteristics, dimensions, purpose, parameters and properties of the material from which the disk is made.

So, what criteria should you pay attention to.

Disk type. All saw discs are divided into two categories: monolithic and carbide.

Monolithic saw discs are made of continuous metal. high.carbon or high.speed steel. Cutting tools of this type can have two configurations:

  • The teeth are sharp as in a hacksaw. suitable for transverse/longitudinal finish cuts in soft and hard wood;
  • tooths of curved shape with a wide back. applicable for working with soft wood.

The disadvantages of monolithic discs include:

Disk canvas can withstand several lasting. Usually monolithic specimens have many teeth. Additional plus of discs. affordable cost.

Chards saw wheels are considered more reliable. They are made of strong instrumental steel. Disks reinforced with an attack containing a high amount of cobalt and tungsten carbides. These discs are most in demand thanks to a number of advantages:

  • allow many building materials to cut;
  • Drawing of teeth does not need to be performed;
  • reliable and durable;
  • the period of work from sharpening to sharpening is much higher than that of their monolithic counterparts;
  • The output is a cleaner cut;
  • high cutting speed;
  • A wide range of disks for the performance of all kinds of tasks is presented on the construction market.

In this case, it should be noted two disadvantages:

Outside diameter. This parameter is determined by the internal size of the saw cover. The disk with large dimensions will simply not be installed on the saw with a small diameter of the protective casing. The use of too small diameter can lead to undesirable consequences.

External diameter directly affects the depth of sawing. The cutting speed on this parameter does not depend. For manual circulation saws, the size of the cutting tool is about 130-250 mm.

Important! The larger the disc is immersed in the material, the more the load on the engine is more significant. The optimal ledge of teeth over the sawed material is no more than 10-20 mm.

Inner landing diameter. An important safety condition is a strong mounting “Rezak”. The saw disk should be tightly fixed on the planting pin.

Model dimensions of the planting diameter: 16/20/22/30/32 mm. Some disks models to strengthen fixation are equipped with additional lateral recesses for narrow pins.

The number of teeth. All types of saw discs by the number of teeth can conditionally be classified into three groups:

The choice of this parameter depends on the tasks set. For transverse cut, it is better to use discs with the maximum number of teeth. The longitudinal cut is better performed with a “cutter” with a small number of teeth (up to 60).

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The shape of the teeth. Carriers configuration have a significant impact on the quality of the saw. The form is selected for the material that is panicized to process. The most popular saw on wood with variable teeth. they are suitable for sawing any type of tree and are distinguished by the optimal price/quality ratio.

Tilt tooth. This criterion is determined by deviation of the surface of the cutting edge from the radius of the saw disk. Negative angle of inclination. deviation towards the back of the tooth canvas. Positive. deviation in the opposite direction.

The teeth with a positive inclination are recommended for longitudinal sawing. in the process of cutting, the material is captured and the disk is hit on the processed part. This accelerates the cut of the workpiece in general. The negative slope slows down the workflow somewhat, but leaves a clean cut. Disks saw metal have teeth with zero inclination.

The thickness of the canvas. The parameter depends on the operating mode and determines the width of the cut. Typical size. 3.2 mm.

A thin disk is more often used for cutting valuable wood species. The standard and thicker saw disc is suitable for gross materials. Fabric with a thickness of 3.2 mm or more have saw discs in aluminum and laminate.

possible, aluminum, cutting

Reasoning how to choose a saw disk, it should be remembered that thin specimens economically consume the material, but less durable and durable. Fat discs have a large service resource, but perform a less neat cut.

Disk design. The disk canvas itself can give the desired information about the quality of the product. A good disk is made by laser cut, subjected to computer balancing and polished separately. Signs of such processing are noticeable if you look at the disk in the light. The traces of the plinths are expanding in circles from the inner opening. which means that the “cut” was polished, balanced and calibrated after cutting the metal.

Advice. If there are signs of rough processing and roughness on the discs, then it is better to refuse to buy it. A similar copy in the work will heat up hard, and the teeth will quickly dull.

Disk canvas must contain compensation temperature slots. At the ends of the slots are grooves. These elements lower the noise of the saw, harmful vibrations and the heating temperature of the disk itself. Rounded holes at the time of load at the primary dynamic pressure of the teeth reduce the risk of a fault of the canvas.

Label marking. Producers of high.quality discs mark their goods with a laser, not paint. The inscription should not be erased after prolonged use of a saw disk, since the information contained can be needed not only when buying, but also in maintenance.

What is important to know about sawing disks for aluminum (plastic), steel and multimeteriaals.

What is important to know about sawing wheels on metals (aluminum and steels)

Many different information can be found without problems about wood saw disks (this is the most popular material for sawing). But, for example, for sawing metals (non.ferrous materials and steel), unfortunately there is not so much information. We decided not only to inform about the main points when choosing or operating the sawing disk for aluminum, but also to test them. compare with each other.

To begin with, the saw wheels do not have strict standards, unlike other consumables. Here, manufacturers of tools rule the ball, and the sizes and types of saw discs are “dancing” from them. So, sawing disks for metal can be operated on manual circular saws, on end machines and on stationary or portable sawing machines. Since the drinking of metals for the most part is the lot of professional users, respectively, other requirements are made to the size and quality of cutting. It was in the category that sawing discs in aluminum have become the greatest demand and better reputation by European and world brands and a limited list of brands. Here they are not a complete list.

To be precise, then factories that can really produce high-quality saw discs constantly, no more than 5-10 companies in the world. Famous brands, as a rule, are produced in these factories, which is almost 100% guaranteed by the stable high quality of the product.

About saw discs and their features, we published an article in one of the previous magazines, it is important to note that practically production is located either in Europe or in China. The quality of the same type of saw discs is almost the same, however, it is quite simple to distinguish them, primarily in the quality of welding of carbide plates to the disk body itself. This can be seen with an armed look, however, this does not reflect on the quality of the connection, in our tests this is visible.

Material for sawing. In their structure, aluminum, hard plastic, plastics, plexigles differ minimally, so sawing discs in aluminum are great for sawing these materials. Nevertheless, it is important when choosing to understand what we want to cut. a half blanket or massive.

Accordingly, some manufacturers on the packaging indicate for which exactly (hollow or massive) the best saw disk is best suited. For example, TM is a profaneity, indicates that for massive blanks you can use saw wheels with the least number of teeth and vice versa, for sawing hollow and thin.walled blanks, saw wheels with the largest number of teeth are best suited. This is what the quality of the sawing will depend on this.

The number of teeth. This is an important point, which is a simple standard logic. the more teeth, the higher the quality of the cut, respectively, the cost of the saw disk, since the cost of the saw disk itself forms, first of all, carbide plates. they differ in cost depending on the manufacturer and from the manufacturer and from their size. In standard logic. the thicker the plate, the more cuts it will be enough, provided that the saw disk itself is designed for the corresponding resource. Many drag saws saw. It is important that this can be done qualitatively only on the corresponding machines, but usually the cost of sharpening is practically approaching the cost of a new saw disk (except for large diameter circles for industrial sawing).

The result of sawing depends on simple factors to the tooth shape, angles of inclination, number of teeth. There are no other options, depending on the choice of combinations of three factors. we get the output results. The angle of inclination can be negative n (-), positive p and zero, without tilt. The saw wheels with a negative angle give the most clean high.quality cut in combination with the maximum number of teeth, and vice versa, a positive angle of inclination gives the maximum speed of sawing when sawing, but together with the least number of teeth, the quality of the saw will be much worse.

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This saw can cut metal. Overview of the sturm end saw

Hello Friends! Today I want to tell you about my new end saw from Sturm. She looks like all endings with a length. but she has one function that will please you.

So how does it differ from other endings ? Now I’ll tell you everything. The main difference is that the speed switch is installed on this end saw. At the first speed, you can saw metal (3200 revolutions), at the second speed you can saw wood (4500 revolutions).

Also, this saw is equipped with LED backlight and a bright laser cutting line of the cutting line.I want to note right away that the laser itself is protected by a transparent cap, which is several times simplifying care for it.

In order to work with metal, you need to purchase a special disk. Only a wood disk goes to the package with a saw. I want to tell you separately about the disk. The manufacturer claims that the disk can saw: metal, wood, non.ferrous metals, plastic and cast iron. The declared resource of the disk is approximately 2000-2500 cuts (depending on the blanks that you saw), which with a simple calculation is more economically more profitable if you sawed a corner grinder.

Many will have a question whether this disk can be put on a regular end? Of course, you can put it, but it will be bad to saw and the disk resource will decrease at times (the disk is designed for a speed of 3200 rpm. Therefore, I categorically do not recommend you to do so.

I took this saw to work with a profile pipe. She cuts her much faster and cleaner than a corner grinder. And most importantly, you do not breathe a harmful abrasive.The number of sparks is minimal compared to the same corner grinder.

The cut is flat and clean. I want to warn you right away that when working with metal on this saw, it is not recommended to attach a vacuum cleaner (according to fire safety rules).

This saw is perfect for construction or for those who love to make it. since it can work with wood and metal. Personally, I made about 150 cuts of a profile pipe, the disk looks like new. Well, a complete overview with the test of this saw watch in the video below. Do not forget to like and subscribe to my channel, here is interesting!

How to choose the right?

With modern repair, the disks for the end saw for aluminum, plastic and stone are most often required. These materials are actively used when creating modern decor.

In order to choose a disk for soft metals and polymers, you need to know that there is a difference in sawing a hollow structure or a dense array. The quality of the cut here mainly depends on the number of teeth. So, to obtain a result close to ideal, with hollow constructions it is better to use discs with a large number of teeth. Dense material is better sawn with a low.dinner nozzle.

An important criterion is the thickness of the disk and the material from which it is made. The best choice will be a whole.paved cutting nozzle from solid (high.carbon) metals. It lasts longer and is suitable for re.sharpening. This cannot be said about the ground teeth.

Such quality is inherent mainly to European brands. The cost when choosing an expensive corporate name pays off during operation.

Good quality can be noted in brands Bosch, Dewalt, Makita, CMT. The same companies also produce construction tools, including end saws.

If we talk about the angles of inclination, then for soft materials like plastic it should be negative. This gives the most pure sawing. The shape of the teeth at the same time is quite diverse. The best option can be a universal disk. You will never be mistaken with him.

To perform high.quality sawing on a stone, there is not enough simple alloy of metals. A more solid material is needed here, in the role of which is diamond spraying. In this case, the decisive factor when choosing is the size of the grain of abrasive coating. The larger it is, the less beautiful and high.quality the end cut will be. From small diamond spraying much more benefit and purity. But to prevent the engine overheating, it is better to choose not the smallest value.

It should be noted that the blade of such circles only remotely resembles the teeth. Their design is more similar to a periodically divided, monolithic cutting canvas. The form is explained by the fact that sawing is carried out due to friction of an abrasive on a solid stone.

Circle replacement

When performing repairs, even at home, a periodic change of materials requires the replacement of a saw disk. It is not difficult to change it, but it is still worth knowing the correct sequence of actions for your own security.

It is necessary to start by installing a protective plastic casing (if any) to the upper position. For this, the side auxiliary bolt is unscrewed, the structure is raised, and then it is attached to the same bolt, just in a different position.

Then take a hexagon, which unscrews a clamping bolt in the center. At the same time, from the back of the saw, click the button of the locking mechanism of the shaft, which is a stop. She does not allow the shaft to move. Therefore, holding it, you can squeeze the central bolt with a hexagon. Then the bolt must be unscrewed (with hands), remove the side stop (has the form of a wide washer) and then a disk.

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Installation is performed in the reverse order. The disk is put on the shaft, then a stop washer is placed, then the bolt is screwed up with your hands until it stops. To clamp the nozzle, press the button, and holding it, wind it to the limit of the central bolt with a hexagon.

After installing the saw disk, it can be checked for strength with a slight longing staggering. In the absence of a backlash, the installation is performed correctly, and you can proceed to the saw.

Milling processing

The uniqueness of the method is that work is possible with complex surfaces, in t.h. With screw. Be sure to configure milling equipment precisely for work with aluminum, that is, choose the type of cutter and the frequency of its revolutions in accordance with the recommendations.

Modern CNC machines and the possibility of 3D design are not inferior to laser and plasma devices in terms of cutting accuracy. They are used when creating cast forms, volumetric products of their aluminum, complex structures. However, there is a lack of work with equipment-the risk of deformations and the appearance of defects on the surface due to high plasticity of the material is growing.

Using various saws

For cutting aluminum, tape and disk saws are suitable. The advantages of the first:

If the user regularly faces the need to cut aluminum, he can find a home.made installation version that is characterized by small dimensions.

The design of modern devices includes useful devices, including a rotating saw frame, a thread tension meter (tape), a variator for a smooth change of cutting speeds, a built.in system of cleaning a saw canvas. The quality of the equipment is comparable to laser and plasma, only the master will save a lot (with money, work and space).

Ribbon saws allow you to cut an aluminum profile with a diameter of up to 300 mm with an error of less than 0.5 mm. Therefore, they are used even at home.

The second type of saws used in aluminum cutting is disk. They are divided into front and cutting down, they may look like a floor or desktop, have one or two working heads. In devices of the middle price range there are clamps for fixing the workpiece at an angle. Active element. a disk with a diameter of up to 550 mm. should have diamond spraying on the teeth and indication that it is suitable for cutting aluminum.

Advantages of work with disc saws:

  • Modern installations guarantee the security of the operator during operation;
  • automatic cutting is possible;
  • smooth supply of the cutting element;
  • The presence of waste compartments.

Disk material. high.speed steel (with hSS marking). Some installations allow turning the workpiece to an angle up to 45 degrees for ease of work.

Angle.grinding machine

Corner grinder is a universal assistant who works well in aluminum. It is only important not to confuse the cut.out circle with grinding, choose a small thickness equipment to minimize the loss of material and protect your hands with your face from sparks.

  • speed of work;
  • worthy of the quality of the cut;
  • relative cheapness of equipment;
  • minimum user movements;
  • The durability of equipment that allows you to cut metal profiles many times.
  • the ability to burn metal in the cutting area;
  • Without skills, it is unlikely that it will be possible to cut smoothly;
  • To increase the accuracy of the work, the corner grinder should be squeezed into a rack, which does not come complete with the tool and is rare in stores (the problem is solved if there is a vice).

Now it is worth studying special devices for aluminum work.

Plasma and laser machines

The best way in terms of quality and speed, but not suitable for home conditions. Plasmoresis and laser machine are considered professional equipment and are found at metallurgical enterprises. If there is an installation and cutting of an aluminum profile nearby on it, it is possible to use this.

  • Profile cutting takes a couple of minutes;
  • The user only sets up the equipment, the rest does the machine;
  • Reza quality is the best of all ways.

Ending

The use of end saws in this area can be seen much more often. All that is needed in order to cut them when using them is to choose a good quality canvas. I can’t tell anything about this yet, but those who are engaged in sharp aluminum in the family of their work emphasize the importance of the quality of the disk. For example, the creator of the ASTServiceCenter channel immediately felt the difference between the cheap ATAKA drive and expensive from SMT, which he told in his video.

Screen video from the YouTube channel AstServiscenter

I’ll stop at the end while I stop

Since I will widely use structural aluminum in the production of devices and I will have to cut it all the time, I think that I will get cheap cutting (for which I have already responsible) precisely for these purposes. Of course I will order a good record. while the choice fell on SMT

The cutting ordered Bosch. For the money it is quite cheap, but according to the reviews quite accurate. The cost of about 12 thousand (taking into account discounts can cost less than 11)

Given the accuracy for me more important than the coating, I ordered without a broach. Such saws are both cheaper and more precise.

It will be interesting to hear the opinion and recommendations of masters who widely “use” the aluminum profile in this way. Installers of various aluminum structures will probably have a lot of information about this. I would be grateful for Комментарии и мнения владельцев and tips.

What is important to know about sawing disks for aluminum (plastic), steel and multimeteriaals.

Many different information can be found without problems about wood saw disks (this is the most popular material for sawing). But, for example, for sawing metals (non.ferrous materials and steel), unfortunately there is not so much information. We decided not only to inform about the main points when choosing or operating the sawing disk for aluminum, but also to test them. compare with each other.

To begin with, the saw wheels do not have strict standards, unlike other consumables. Here, manufacturers of tools rule the ball, and the sizes and types of saw discs are “dancing” from them. So, sawing disks for metal can be operated on manual circular saws, on end machines and on stationary or portable sawing machines. Since the supply of metals for the most part. The destiny of professional users, respectively, and the size and quality of the sawing, other requirements are imposed. It was in the category that sawing discs in aluminum have become the greatest demand and better reputation by European and world brands and a limited list of brands. Here they are not a complete list.

To be precise, then factories that can really produce high-quality saw discs constantly, no more than 5-10 companies in the world. Famous brands, as a rule, are produced in these factories, which is almost 100% guaranteed by the stable high quality of the product.

About saw discs and their features, we published an article in one of the previous magazines, it is important to note that practically production is located either in Europe or in China. The quality of the same type of saw discs is almost the same, however, it is quite simple to distinguish them, primarily in the quality of welding of carbide plates to the disk body itself. This can be seen with an armed look, however, this does not reflect on the quality of the connection, in our tests this is visible.

Material for sawing. In their structure, aluminum, hard plastic, plastics, plexigles differ minimally, so sawing discs in aluminum are great for sawing these materials. Nevertheless, it is important when choosing to understand what we want to cut. a half blanket or massive.

Accordingly, some manufacturers on the packaging indicate for which exactly (hollow or massive) the best saw disk is best suited. For example, TM is a profaneity, indicates that for massive blanks you can use saw wheels with the least number of teeth and vice versa, for sawing hollow and thin.walled blanks, saw wheels with the largest number of teeth are best suited. This is what the quality of the sawing will depend on this.

The number of teeth. This is an important point, which is a simple standard logic. the more teeth, the higher the quality of the cut, respectively, the cost of the saw disk, since the cost of the saw disk itself forms, first of all, carbide plates. they differ in cost depending on the manufacturer and from the manufacturer and from their size. In standard logic. The thicker the plate, the more cuts are enough for a larger amount of cuts, provided that the saw disc is designed for the corresponding resource. Many drag saws saw. It is important that this can be done qualitatively only on the corresponding machines, but usually the cost of sharpening is practically approaching the cost of a new saw disk (except for large diameter circles for industrial sawing).

The result of sawing depends on simple factors to the tooth shape, angles of inclination, number of teeth. There are no other options, depending on the choice of combinations of three factors. we get the output results. The angle of inclination can be negative n (-), positive p and zero, without tilt. The saw wheels with a negative angle give the most clean high.quality cut in combination with the maximum number of teeth, and vice versa, a positive angle of inclination gives the maximum speed of sawing when sawing, but together with the least number of teeth, the quality of the saw will be much worse.

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