Front (rear) adapter for power tiller with steering: how to make with your own hands, video, drawings and dimensions
With this method, the power unit will be positioned behind the driver and rigidly attached to the front adapter. Consequently, the traction coefficient of the drive wheels on the ground will increase. That will give you more traction, so you can work with any kind of attachment. For such experiments, the lightweight single-axle tractor “Salyut” with a mass of about 75 kg and a power of 6.5 liters is best suited. с.
In this case you need a steering column with a gearbox. But that’s for this case, if you dare to make a single-axle tractor with front steering. This procedure is much more complicated and laborious than a simple articulation, but the result will please you. you will get a single-axle tractor with a steering wheel and a seat, and all the necessary levers will be at hand.
You need not only a steering wheel and gearbox, but also steering rods with coulters. You will need throttle, clutch and brake pedals, located under the feet. They are connected to the standard controls with self-made rods or steel cables.
On the right side of the seat there is a lever for raising or lowering the attachment and a parking brake handle. On the front wheels put fenders with headlights. And the mini-tractor finally gets the finished look of a motorized tractor with a front adapter.
It should be noted that the adapter has good technical characteristics, which allow you to fully appreciate the advantages of working on their minitractor.
The single-axle tractor is a mechanized helper for the gardener, which reduces labor costs and the health of the user. If such a device is supplemented with a steering adapter, it increases the comfort of control and further reduces the physical burden.
In fact, the adapter allows you to turn a single-axle tractor into a semblance of a mini-tractor. From the material of this article you will learn the structure of the adapter, its purpose, types, nuances of installation and subtleties of operation.
What designs of adapters exist?
With this attachment you can greatly simplify the use of a power tiller. After all, it serves as a connecting link that connects the machine itself with other functional elements: nozzles for planting and plowing potatoes, plows, plow Installing the equipment can be fully automated horticultural work. For example, when using special equipment with attachments, you can increase the operating speed from 5 to 10 km / h.
There are several kinds of adapters. In general, the design is a cart attached to the back of the power tiller, equipped with a comfortable seat
Some models are equipped with a lever for lifting, which greatly simplifies the management of the mechanism and the movement of the unit itself on the site. Other adapters, in addition to performing agricultural work, can also be used to transport goods. They are equipped with a special body. Depending on their function, the adapters may have short or long drawbars. The models with short drawbars are intended for light power tillers, and with long drawbars. for heavier machines.
Available models with telescopic drawbar and those with adjustable track width.
Adapters are fixed to the power tiller with the help of single extended coupling that consists of two parts: the first part is necessary for attaching the equipment to the machine. And the second serves as an adjustable adapter between the equipment itself and its lifting mechanism. To increase the number of implements used simultaneously, adapters are equipped with a double universal coupling.
What kinds of adapters for a power tiller??
Externally, the adapter design is a small frame with two wheels, foot platform, drawbar and seat for operator. Equipping a single-axle tractor with such “upgrades”, you actually turn it into a mini-tractor. to work will become many times more convenient, faster and easier, and the ability to adjust the seat will make the process of work more comfortable.
There are several varieties of adapters on a single-axle tractor. In order to buy or make the most suitable for you variant, you should get acquainted with all kinds of this equipment.
According to the type of coupling, adapters are divided into adapters with steering and movable joint. Depending on the location. in front adapters and rear adapters.
Also, adapters can be classified separately depending on the purpose of use: with elongated drawbar for a powerful large tractor, with cropped. for small lightweight machines.
Adapter with steering
This type is on the rigid articulation with the tiller. The steering is represented by a separate unit, and variants are possible with both rear and front wheels.
a single-axle tractor becomes almost a self-propelled machine, which is quite simple and easy to operate, almost no different from motorcycles or cars.
Setting up a multifunction model
To make a multifunctional device, it is necessary to prepare:
Such an adapter is a multifunctional model. It can be used for basic agricultural work and transportation of goods on uneven terrain for short distances. It is possible to equip the construction with such agricultural implements as plow, harrow, hoe, potato digger. During the winter months a snow scraper can be attached to the adapter.
The main elements of the equipment are: the frame and hitches, as well as wheel set and seats
The process of making an adapter at home takes place in several steps.
Step #1. making a kinematic diagram
A kinematic diagram must be drawn up at the design stage to ensure the equilibrium of the structure and prevent additional overloading. It can be made by hand or prefabricated.
This diagram is designed to make an adapter designed to work on the “Neva” power tiller
Preparatory stage of making the adapter
The adapter has a simple design, but the procedure of making it can not be called simple. First you need to take into account the drawings and dimensions, which will help to create a device without defects.
It is necessary to acquire the following materials and tools:
- An electric drill;
- Electric hacksaw;
- A sheet of steel with a thickness of 5 millimeters;
- With a few square tubes with a diameter of one inch;
- A set of fasteners.
The key elements of the design are made as follows:
- Coupling. Mounted on the frame and fastened with bolts. The hitch is two welded parts of square pipes and a part of a water pipe. The latter is inserted into the stem with a welded tee;
- The knot for fixing the wheels. Two pieces of pipe 10 cm long are welded at right angles. The horizontal piece is inserted into the mounting tube and securely locked with a bolt. The axle and bearings with wheels are mounted on the vertical piece.
When all the tools are prepared, the main parts are made, you can assemble the adapter.
Key component drawings for the adapter
You need to create or use a ready-made diagram that shows the sequence of motion transmission directly from the engine of the motor block through the transmission mechanism to the working parts.
Pay attention to providing the system mechanism balance and overload protection
Making the main parts begins with the frame, provided with a fork and a bushing for free steering.
Using a metal profile, pre-cut into parts, according to the drawing bolt or weld the parts together
The design of the undercarriage depends on the location of the engine. If the engine is in the front of the unit, the base wheels will provide the track width, so the rear wheels are fixed to the frame with a wheel axle.
To make the frame you will need a tube of the appropriate size and width with pressed on the ends of the bushings with bearings installed inside, on which the wheels are fixed
If the engine is provided at the rear, the width of the laid track must be larger for normal balancing of the finish structure. For this purpose, it is recommended to reinstall the wheels provided as standard on a larger width axle.
Installation of the steering mechanism does not always involve the handlebar being removed from the vehicle.
You can use the scheme and install a steering wheel, but also the handle of the power tiller itself will cope with the task of comfortable steering
Fixing of the seat is done by welding, but with the condition that it can be adjusted.
In order to carry out various types of work with additional equipment: cultivators, plows, you need to install a hydraulic system, which functions can cope with the usual car pump.
The coupling of the two main elements: the purchased motoblock and the handmade adapter, takes place with the help of a channel, with holes for the pin of the motoblock.
The holes will need to be made beforehand on turning equipment or with a powerful drill
In the final step should: paint all parts to preserve against rust and lubricate.
Putting into operation
Having assembled the adapter for the power tiller with your own hands, you need to try it out in the test mode. Proper preparation of the equipment will ensure a good quality of work. Particular attention should be paid to the adjustment of major components, engine and fuel system.
The structure of the power tiller
By its design, the 4×4 adapter, which is designed for the motor-block Neva, is a rather simple device. It includes several fundamental parts:
- frame construction, on which other accessories can be installed;
- seat for the driver;
- Wheel base, including the wheel axle;
- linkage mechanism of a power tiller and including.
In other words, the adapter is an ordinary cart with a seat that attaches to your power tiller.
Moto-blocks come in different brands and designs. Russian users know, for example, Caiman, Prorab, VIKING, Crosser, Texas, Patriot, and others. After linking the tiller and adapter the received device can be compared to a minitractor in terms of functionality, but this comparison is somewhat relative, because the power will remain the same, because the engine is still the same, and it is from a power tiller.
over, it is possible to attach auxiliary attachments to the adapter, which further expands the potential work list. Some varieties of adapters are equipped with special compartments, where it is possible to place any loads. There are also models that are equipped with a lifting lever, which greatly simplifies the work with the additional device.
How to make it with your own hands
Of course, the purchase of an adapter to a power tiller, ready to work, is the best and easiest way out of the situation. However, they do cost quite a lot, so not every farmer or dacha owner is ready to afford their purchase. We do not have to wonder why many people wonder how to make an adapter with their own hands.
It is certainly possible, and you can find a lot of recommendations on the Internet, which concern the self-made adapters. over, there are also many drawings, giving the opportunity to consider this device more clearly and in detail.
Using them, it is quite possible to create such a unit in domestic conditions, using a minimum of tools and materials. In order to produce a homemade adapter, you will need:
- welding machine;
- a wheel set;
- Steel corners and sheets;
- driver’s seat;
- fasteners; iron pipes.
The whole work will consist of several steps:
- Take a square metal profile, about 1800mm long. Across it weld the same iron flap, only smaller. about 600 mm. To this web section you will fix the wheel stands, which should be about 300mm high.
- After that you need to attach the struts. They are attached to the central frame and to the wheels. The angle of the wheel hubs in relation to the frame may be whatever you want. To the metal profile additionally weld a beam. This is to reinforce the frame.
- The frame for the additional equipment is welded from a channel 0.
- It is aligned with the wheel axle by means of a piece of square tube and the seams are welded by means of a welding machine.
- Now to the frame we will weld a control arm with three knees (200, 350 550 and millimeters).
- Fix another one to the lever (size 800 mm), it will regulate the force.
- Put the arms together with the usual bolts.
The first stage is finished. Let’s proceed to the following.
Working with the adapter design
Now begins the work with the adapter. To do this, carry out the following steps:
- To the central frame it is necessary to weld a piece of 300 mm tube. it will be a support for the driver’s seat.
- Perpendicularly to the base, weld two pieces of pipe from above. This is to keep the seat from falling off during the work and to make it more stable in the process of shaking when working. The seat can be ready-made, or you can make it yourself from a piece of plywood and foam rubber, it is at the discretion of the master.
- Fix the seat to the cross pieces of pipe, which are welded to the stand itself, as well as to the stand under the seat. Use bolts as a fixing element.
- At the front we weld the mechanism of coupling with the tiller, and then the work can be considered as finished.
Adapter with steering control
If you have the skills, then if you want the design can be somewhat complicated, making another self-made adapter to the tiller, which can be attached and a steering device.
To make this idea come true, you will need to prepare the following materials and tools:
This design requires the adapter frame to be firmly connected to the power tiller, or else the machine will be, as they say, “dragged sideways”. For the construction you can take any ready made steering wheel, even from old “soviet” cars (from VAZ, for example).
Adapters for any power tiller, including the Neva, make it possible to significantly increase the comfort of the operator when driving a mini-tractor. In fact, the driver no longer has to drag the machine all the time. Now he can just sit back in the comfort of his easy chair and do the same thing, but in more comfort and warmth.
The design of such units is quite simple, and their independent production at home is quite possible. It should be borne in mind that home assembly involves at least the basic skills in welding, as well as the accompanying tools. You will also need to stock up on a lot of angles and metal pipes so that you don’t have to stop work due to lack of material. In general, the expediency of the own hand assembling adapter is, especially considering that it saves a lot of money.