How to cut tiles. features of cutting tiles with an angle grinder and tile cutter
When working with ceramic tiles, it is impossible to avoid cut rows that are laid in inconspicuous places. The cut tiles are usually glued symmetrically to the wall edges. The need for tile cutting occurs when tiling walls around doorways, utility lines and other obstacles that require careful laying. In any case, the master tiler, especially a beginner, needs to know what to cut the ceramic tile in each case. Because making a straight cut is quite different from cutting a curved one. The right choice of tool allows the master to perform tiling work qualitatively and without downtime, as well as avoid a large amount of waste in the form of unevenly split tiles.
Cutting tile can be carried out not only with special tools, called tile cutters, developed by manufacturers specifically for this tiling material. The course is also used glass cutters, angle grinder, wire cutters, power drills with various attachments, which are also used when cutting other construction materials.
Each tool has its own peculiarities and tricks of operation, requiring from the person working with it a certain skill that comes with experience. Therefore, experienced craftsmen advise to always carry out a test cutting, using for this purpose one of the spare tiles. This will allow you to get used to the tool and the material with little loss.
If an angle grinder is used for cutting, it is recommended to check the tool for damage and functionality before the procedure. It is necessary to insert a disk for work on cement or metal. The difference between them, of course, is insignificant.
you have to look at the tool itself, because otherwise any imperfections can cause a poor quality of work.
Personal protective equipment is also worth remembering. This means that you should also wear a hat on your head, protective gloves on your hands, clothes on your body, and goggles to protect your eyes. The last one is probably the most important. After all, dust, small splinters at a very rapid rotation of the disc angle grinder can get into the eyes. And it can turn out to be a dangerous injury. That is why you should think about your own safety in the first place.
Electric tile cutter
An electric tile cutter is the best way to cut tiles. As the name suggests, this tool is designed specifically for this purpose. That gives you four benefits all at once:
- high-precision cutting without splintering;
- less time is needed than with other tools;
- No need to make the final processing (eg sanding sandpaper);
- the ability to cut at an angle.
No material limitations. With the right disc, you can cut ceramic tiles and even porcelain tiles.
If you are still choosing what to cut tiles with, pay attention to the water-cooled electric tile cutter Dnipro-M PE-180H. It allows you to work with diamond discs with a diameter of 180 mm. Cutting height 34/17 mm, adjustable angle (0-45°). There are also additional accessories that facilitate the work: a ruler and a stop-guide for tiles.
Disadvantages of the angle grinder when cutting tiles.
The first disadvantage. increased injury.
The second disadvantage. dust, which is formed during the work. This can be considered the main disadvantage. If you are finishing work in the room (wallpapering and painting), it is not possible to cut tiles with the turbine.
Although, recently saw a simple solution to such a problem. a cardboard box vacuum cleaner:
Questions from emails and skype consultations;
Which side to cut tiles with an angle grinder?
From the front. That way there are fewer chips. When marking and cutting a hole (for example, for a socket) on the reverse side, the chips will be significant and the line for trimmer cutting will be different. There is a danger that the body will not cover the damage to the enamel on the edges of the hole.
Socket hole. cut from the back of the tile.
What power an angle grinder needs to cut tiles?
For tile cutting power is not the main indicator. A turbine with minimum power is good for that. I already told you about such a “Makita GA4530″
For cutting tiles, the main thing is the speed. The higher the RPM, the cleaner the cut. And most importantly the quality of the rotating shaft and the quality of the bearings on it.With improper alignment or poor quality bearing vibration begins to occur:
- You won’t get a clean cut. Chips will appear on the tiles.
- The vibration will build up (especially at high revs), which leads to the destruction of the bearing.
The tool of such quality can be made only on expensive equipment. And it can allow a reputable company. But it is not necessarily only brands. that are audible. Proof of this is the experience of working with a mixer from the humble firm “Fiolent”
How to cut the tile with an angle grinder so that there would be no chips?
One angle grinder to cut ceramic tiles, without chipping difficult. It can be done if at first, with the help of a tile-cutter roller, to draw a line for a trimmer along which a cut should be made. The wheel cuts through the top layer of tile. the enamel, and chips are not formed.
But the tile cutter does not break off a narrow strip on the tiles until the end (or does not break off at all). The rest have to cut with an angle grinder. Thus, it is necessary to cut as follows. That the cutting wheel almost did not touch the line drawn by the cutting roller.
Also, the wheel of the turbine should cut at a slight incline (and not touching the cutting line).
Next, the cut edge of the tile should be refinished with a burr. Wrapped in fine sandpaper. Large “sandpaper” will make chips on the enamel, and the fine one will take a long time to process, and it will wear out quickly. That’s why it is easier to process an inclined cut edge of a tile.
The number (grit) of paper is selected by experience. Fasten the paper on a flat wooden bar with a stapler or small nails. What’s better than a block of sandpaper from an emery stone? The bar is longer. It not only grinds the edge. But thanks to the extended flat plane will even the cut off piece.
Such a bar is enough for half a year of work.
Below is a short video How to cut with an angle grinder and sand the edge of the tile:
How to turn an angle grinder into a tile cutter
It is not always convenient to keep the angle grinder on weight and do all the work entirely by hand. In order to improve the quality of the cut you will need a helper. However, it will be much more rational to turn an ordinary grinder into an analog of an electric tile cutter.
Cutting Bathroom Tiles with an Angle Grinder (Quick Tips).- by Home Repair Tutor
We found out how to properly cut ceramic tiles with an angle grinder. The same principles of work are retained for the tile cutter, but you have both hands free. Let’s consider what you need to do to improve this tool.
First of all, choose a suitable place for the location of the machine. The base of the future tile cutter can be made of sheet metal, in which a groove will be cut for deepening the blade. On this line and will be made all the work, in addition on such a mark will be much easier to navigate.
The most important step is to fix the angle grinder. In order to fix the tool in the right position, it is necessary to use special clamps. Their counterpart can also be made by yourself, but there is a risk that the fixing bolts will break off during the work.
For frequent use and convenience, the angle grinder can be fixed by making it into a tile cutter
This version of a homemade electric tile cutter can be improved by adding a reservoir of water and a wet cutting nozzle. This will help avoid dust and cool the tool.
After fixing the angle grinder, you can make a test cut. The principle of operation is as follows: the tile is laid according to the marks, the angle grinder is turned on and the disc is slowly lowered. The tile will be sawed on the front side, and you must feed it from yourself.
If the work is done correctly, you’ll get a cut-in-two ceramic tile with neat edges, no chips, cracks or nicks. The final look tile can be given a fine sandpaper.
Cutting a tile without chips
To reduce the number of chips to a minimum, try to adhere to the following rules when working with the tool:
- Linear cut. To put a marking on the front part of the tile with a construction marker. Make sure that the disc is properly clamped in the direction of rotation indicated on the grinder and on the disc. Put the angle grinder into operation and let it gather the working speed. Use rubber clamps to fix the tile on level ground so that during cutting no sudden changes of position can occur. Make an even, effortless 2-4 mm deep cut along the line of the marking, based on the thickness of the glaze and the body of the tile itself. Pass through the glaze very slowly and as responsibly as possible, after this step you can apply a little pressure and bring the process to completion. And also there is a variant not to cut the body of a tile to the end, and the cut edge should be broken off and the edge should be refinished with an abrasive.
- Cutting a round hole with a large diameter. Apply a marker to the point, which will be the center of the circle. Then with a drill bit with a pobedite tip drill a hole at the place of the marking with a diameter of 3-4 mm through. Now it is necessary to mark a circle of the required diameter on both sides of the tile. Then, using an angle grinder to make short 2-3 mm notches on the contour of the marked circle, only after that you can cut the circle from the inside through cuts, and remove the remains with pliers. For complete removal of chips the edges of the hole should be processed with a file and sandpaper.
- Rectangular hole. Make a linear marking of the hole with a marker and a template, then drill through holes with a diameter of 7 mm in the corners, not protruding beyond the marked outline. After that, use an angle grinder to join the holes with even cuts. Now you can remove the cut ceramic fragment, and process the edges until the chips disappear.
If you want you can cut a hole of any diameter and shape in the body of the tile, especially in today’s building world there are all sorts of nozzles and accessories for angle grinders. The only thing you should never forget is to observe the necessary safety precautions when working with an angle grinder!
Roller Glass Cutter
Cutting with a handheld tile cutter
Electric tile cutter
Cutting tiles with an angle grinder (diamond saw)
Electric angle grinder can cut tiles in a straight line, do rounded lines on the edges, cut round holes from 7 cm in diameter.
As you can see, everything is not so complicated. You just need to choose the best option. If you are just doing repairs in the apartment, you can do with an ordinary glass cutter. And if laying tiles. your main income, then, of course, it is better to have a powerful electric cutter.