Potato digger for power tiller with his own hands, sizes and drawings

The main part of the vegetable gardening area in Russia is traditionally given to potatoes, because they are called the second loaf. Many people have shifted some of the work of growing potatoes on their shoulders, or rather on the trailed equipment of small mechanization: power tillers and minitractors.

And if the planting of potatoes is not a big job, then to dip, and most importantly. to dig out. is not an easy task. For ducking and weeding, most often they use the toolbar, which comes with power tillers, but for digging in the pure form it is not so suitable. Let’s understand what to dig and how to make a potato digger for your power tiller with your own hands.

There are several designs of potato diggers for power tillers and mini-tractors. Consider them: from the simplest to the high-tech.

Making a self-made potato harvester for a power tiller with your own hands

For people who live in rural areas, harvesting potatoes in the fall is still a time-consuming task. Of course, today, few people perform such work by hand, using a shovel. Many people buy a variety of mechanical devices for this purpose, and some, so-called “darlings”, make various devices with their own hands to rid themselves and their loved ones of hard work. The potato harvester, which functions with the help of a power tiller of any modification, whether it is the beloved model “Neva”, or the device from another manufacturer, is in particular demand among the rural toilers. The main thing here is to have a clear idea of what is a homemade digger for potatoes, and be able to create drawings according to the necessary calculations.

Design features and types

It is worth recalling at once that this mechanical device, as can be seen from the photo, to perform the work, is hooked to the tiller. Such a digger, made with their own hands, as shown in the video, is able to process the land plot not only near the house, but also in the field.

The main purpose of the potato digger is the separation of potato tubers from the soil and laying them out on the ground area. Such a unit is easy to operate and has an uncomplicated design. Therefore, to design it with your own hands is usually not particularly difficult. Most importantly, this attachment mechanism is suitable for any model of power tiller, whether it is the well-known “Neva” or another modification.

Many readers will say that you can buy such a potato digger at the point of sale of agricultural mechanisms and devices, and why make it with your own hands. This statement is correct, but not quite. Any experienced vegetable grower will say. a digger, designed in a home workshop will be more practical, because it will be designed under the already known characteristics of the soil, and will be made for the strength of a particular person. Here we should also add the price. The device, executed with their own hands, will cost much cheaper than buying it in the store.

Before you start the creative constructive work to create a potato digger, you need to remember, it is adapted to work on soils with medium and small density criterion. For the manufacture of units, adapted to work on heavy soils, you need to have a thorough knowledge of physics and mechanics.

Digger for potatoes, adapted to the tiller, as shown in the photo, there are such types:

A rattle or vibrating mechanism. it mainly consists of a ploughshare and a vibrating sieve. The principle of operation of such a type of potato mower, which functions with the help of a power tiller, is simple. The soil is undermined along with the potatoes with a ploughshare. Then the immovable grid leaves the tubers on its surface while the ground is shaken off like a sieve. This model is efficient in operation, but rather difficult to make.

Transporter unit for digging potatoes. it can freely work, for example, on the basis of such a motor-block as “Neva”. By design, a transporter digger consists of a ploughshare and a moving transporter, which has a special hooking device to keep the tubers on the platform and clear the ground. Transporter design for digging potatoes has more practicality than the vibrating type of potato digger. But on soils with a light degree of density to use this type of device is not advisable.

The arrow type. by design it is the simplest mechanism, which can easily be adapted to any model of mini tractor, for example, such as “Neva”. It does not contain any movable knots. As shown in the video, the soil and tubers are cut with a knife. Next, the cut falls on the surface of special bars, where the soil is poured back, and the fruits in pure form are laid on top of the soil. This digger is effective on low-density soils, where it is not practical to use other types of devices.

Before you begin to design such a device, first of all, you need to determine exactly the density of the soil on which it will be used. It is worth remembering that where a transporter design can ideally be used with a lancet type will be difficult to work with.

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Blueprints of homemade and factory potato diggers

For a small farm, to conveniently harvest potatoes, you need to make a small-sized device. It should be easy to use and easy to hitch to a single-axle tractor.

The construction of a potato digger: 1. welded frame, 2. knife, 3. conveyor, 4. pulley, 5. crank, 6. pulley bevel gear. 7. belt, 8. rack, 9. adapter, 10. support wheel, 11. spring tensioner.

In order to make the device in question, it is necessary to have:

Coulter molded from high quality metal alloy, at least 5 mm thick. To make it, you can use a saw from a circulating machine.

Metal corners with dimensions of 40 and 63 mm.

Steel bars. They are required to make a device as shown in the photo, at least 8 pieces.

To make a device for digging potatoes of the vibrating type requires, first of all, to make a frame. It should be easily docked, for example, with a mini tractor “Neva” or other modification.

In general, as shown in the video, such a device consists of the following units:

Adjusting rods of vertical design.

To design such a unit, you need to make accurate calculations and according to them create drawings. Without this rule, the process of making your own hands will be difficult.

Types of potato diggers for power tillers and what is the best choice

Different types of potato diggers for power tillers can differ in a number of ways. Usually there are five main devices: fan, screen, drum, conveyor, conveyor.

Fan

Fan shovel is the simplest and most versatile tool. The name of this device is explained by the arrangement of the tines. They are made of equal lengths of fittings connected in the form of a fan.

The fan spudder is similar in construction to an agricultural plough

The operational principle does not differ significantly from other potato diggers: the machine digs into the ground and lifts the tubers, which are in turn screened from the soil by the large distance between the tines. Finally, the dug out and cleaned of soil fruits appear on the surface of the beds, where it is convenient to collect them manually.

Fan spudger

The main difference between the screen potato digger and other types of devices is the presence of a grid compartment. It is positioned at an angle with respect to the ground, so the tines sink into the soil with less effort. Also, the extra support point and two wheels make this sort of machine more stable than a fan spudder.

A screen potato harvester gets its name thanks to the noise and vibrations it makes while working

The advantage of a trommel screen is in the grid. The constant oscillating motion of the compartment makes the harvested tubers cleaner and faster from the ground.

on a video about potato harvesters for power tillers the screen version of the device most often appears in work, t. к. it is most applicable for both small and large plots of land.

Drum

The potato barrel harvester is a fully mechanized machine that makes the harvesting process as easy as possible. Thanks to this machine, the fruit is not only dug up and removed from the ground, but is also transported to a separate box.

The design of the device implies the presence of a lattice drum. The fruits fall into it directly after digging with the plough. Through the continuous rotation of the tubers are cleared of excess soil, and then sent to the pre-prepared container.

Most often, the construction of a potato digger for a power tiller with a drum on their own hands is resorted to in order to facilitate the harvest, but this condition is not always feasible.

The drum machine can only be used on soft, loosened soil

Transporter

The conveyor potato harvester is used less often than other types of devices. The principle of this unit is to move the earth layer with the root crops on a conveyor belt. This method of removing soil from the tubers is slower than a drum or screen potato digger, which means the soil needs more time to be removed from the tubers.

When working with transporter potato harvester important type of soil, the device is not applicable in areas with wet or sticky soil

Attention! The use of the conveyor belt spudger is not recommended in places where weeds are growing. The long stems of the plants wind up on the baffles, which can cause the device to malfunction.

Conveyor

Another type of device that is rarely found in the personal use of landowners is the conveyor potato digger. It consists of a bucket and conveyor belt. Together with a piece of soil, the fruits are placed in a container and then move along a conveyor belt. In the process, the tubers are removed from the soil and deposited on the soil surface, where they are picked up manually.

With the conveyor spudger, several beds can be processed at the same time

Despite the variety of units, the fan and screen potato diggers are considered the most versatile devices. They are suitable for all types of soil and handle the task well. It is also not uncommon to find a drum potato harvester in use by farmers, but for its operation it is necessary to take into account the operating requirements.

Materials and solutions for stile

Self-made fan type potato harvester for power tillers is made according to the following drawings. The basis of such a digger is a frame, the details of which are carefully calculated and welded. All measurements and parameters of each part of the hanger, wheels, starring and drawbar are recorded in the drawing. A person experienced in power tools and complex equipment can do it. To make the parts you will need:

Specialists recommend using in the work:

  • Steel sheets no thinner than 7 mm. Plates are needed to make the plowshares. often a used circular saw blade is used for these purposes.
  • Studs. Square section profile tube for props.
  • Angles 63×40 mm for the frame.
  • For the bars of the sloping board, rebar not thicker than 10 mm will do. Steel bars can also be used.
  • The vibrator drive is made of a tube and an eccentric. The pulley is powered by a belt drive.
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Types of potato harvesters for power tillers and which one is better to choose

Different types of potato diggers for power tillers can differ in a number of ways. Usually five basic devices are distinguished: fan, screen, drum, conveyor, conveyor.

Fan-shaped

The fan digger is the simplest and most versatile machine. The name of this device is explained by the arrangement of the teeth. They are made of equal lengths of reinforcement, connected in the form of a fan.

The fan digger is similar in structure to the farm plough

The principle of operation does not differ significantly from other types of potato diggers: the device plunges into the ground and catches the tubers, which, in turn, are screened from the soil due to the large distance between the teeth. Finally, the dug-out and peeled fruits are on the surface of the bed, where they can be easily picked by hand.

Spudger

The main difference between the screen potato harvester and other types of devices is the presence of the grid compartment. With respect to the ground it is positioned at an angle, which allows you to sink the tines into the soil with less effort. Also due to the additional point of support and a pair of wheels, the screen unit has a more stable design than the fan potato digger.

The screen potato harvester gets its name from the noise and vibration it makes when it works

The advantage of the trommel is precisely in the grid. owing to the constant oscillating motion of the compartment, the harvested tubers are cleaned from the soil quicker and better.

In the video about potato harvesters for power tillers the screen version of the device most often appears in work, because. к. it is best suited for small or large plots.

Trommel

The potato barrel harvester is a fully mechanized machine that makes the harvesting process as easy as possible. With this machine, you don’t just dig up and clear the fruit, but also transport it to a separate box.

The implement is constructed with a sieve drum. The fruits fall into the machine immediately after being dug up by the plough. Through continuous rotation, the tubers are cleaned of excess soil, and then sent to the pre-prepared container.

Most often, the manufacturer of potato diggers for power tillers with a drum with his own hands resorted to facilitate the collection of crops, but this condition is not always feasible.

The reel harvesting head may only be used on soft, loosened soil

Transporter

The conveyor potato digger is used less often than other types of devices. The principle of this machine is to move the layer of earth with the root crops on a conveyor belt. The process of removing dirt from the fruit is slower than with drum or screen potato diggers, which means the soil needs more time to be processed.

The type of soil is important when working with a conveyor potato mower, the device is not applicable in areas with wet or sticky soil

Attention! The use of a conveyorized potato digger is not recommended in areas where weeds are growing. Long stems of the plants are wound up on the baffles, which can cause the device to malfunction.

Conveyor

Another type of device that is seldom seen in personal use by landowners is the conveyor potato digger. It is a design consisting of a bucket and a belt. Together with a piece of soil the fruits are placed in a container, and then move along the conveyor belt. In the process, the tubers are removed from the soil and deposited on the soil surface, where they are picked up manually.

Several beds can be processed with the potato belt puller

Despite the variety of units, the fan and screen potato diggers are considered the most versatile devices. They are suitable for all types of soil and do a good job. It is also not uncommon to find a drum potato trimmer in use by farmers, but for its operation it is necessary to take into account the requirements of operation.

How to make a potato harvester for a power tiller

Most people in the countryside have homestead plots. Harvesting is added to the work in the fall. Harvesting potatoes is a labor-intensive activity that requires automation. Otherwise the work will be slow and hard. It is not profitable to use the shovel.

A single-axle tractor is a common vehicle on the homestead. People try to buy attachments for it. This also includes a potato harvester.

However, there are craftsmen who independently make a potato harvester for power tillers. Some will note that it is easier to buy a ready-made product.

simple, potato, harvester, power

However, in favor of the homemade potato digger are the following advantages:

  • It can be sharpened to suit the soil conditions.
  • Individual dimensions, convenient for the farmer.
  • Sharpening for a particular model of power tiller or creating a universal digger, if necessary.
  • Significant savings.

The main thing when making a potato digger with your own hands is to have an idea of the future product.

Please note! The purpose of the potato digger is to separate potato tubers from the soil and put them on the ground. This device is characterized by its simple design, so it is easy to produce it yourself. However, the homemade digger will only be effective on light and medium-heavy soil.

The potato harvester: types and characteristics

  • The mechanism is a vibrating type. The main components are the ploughshare and vibrating screen. The principle of the mechanism is quite simple. The blade undermines the soil with its rapid movements as well as through the movement of the power tiller. The planter then passes the tubers onto a transport grate where they are cleaned from the soil.
  • The potato digger blade cuts the soil with the potatoes.
  • The soil falls on the bars, where it is cleaned.
  • Clean potato fruits are laid on top of the ground after cleaning.
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However, the lancet digger can only be used effectively on loose soil.

Please note! The final choice depends on the density of the soil to be worked. Where you need a digger with mechanical moving parts, the lancet design is useless. With the effective use of the lancet type, the use of other designs is inexpedient.

The first 2 types of potato digger design are called screen diggers.

The drawings and dimensions for making a potato digger are presented below. If necessary, it may be adapted to other farm machines.

Homemade digger: components and tools

It is worth making a self-made device only if you have your own garden plot. For industrial use such a device is not suitable. it is better to get it from the manufacturer.

Materials for making a vibrating potato digger:

  • Metal channel bars.
  • Steel no thicker than 5 mm. This is needed for the plowshare. Steel from the blade of a circular saw can be used.
  • Metal brackets.
  • Steel or iron bars. Fittings will work.
  • angle grinder.
  • Welding machine.
  • Gravure, you can use a drill.
  • Corner or spirit level.
  • Fixing plates.
  • Steel bolts and nuts.

Construction components:

  • The base (frame). With her begin the construction.
  • Suspension system.
  • Control rod.
  • Moving parts. wheels and tines.

Attention! These structures can be made from improvised material, which is full at home, on the dacha site. In the absence of any components you can buy elements. This will not make a big difference to the final price. And even more so, it does not put it in comparison with the industrial samples.

Description of the process of assembling the vibrating structure

A simple digger won’t seem enough to some, so consider a more complicated option. It is also relevant because Russian soils are quite wet. This involves higher technical requirements for the device.

The frame

To create the base of the structure it is desirable to use a square tube 4 x 4 cm. For the supporting beams a 4 metre section is required. It is necessary to divide it into 120 and 80 cm pieces.

They make a rectangular base with sides 120 and 80 cm. Fix the corners. by welding.

Suspension brackets and their fasteners

Crosspieces are not welded to the middle of the rectangular frame side, but to a quarter of the side length.

On the back side of the base you will need to weld the bars in a vertical position. They will be located on the outside of the base for the axle. Subsequently, the wheels are set on the axle.

Fix the structure with bolts. To do this you will need to drill holes with a drill.

The vertical uprights

The profile of square pipe posts should be fixed at a distance of 5 cm from the edge of the frame. Its length. 50 cm and no more. After 15 cm is fixed a second profile, but a length of 40 cm. The third profile is fastened every 40 cm. The strut is 30 cm long. A peculiar paired descending ladder is created.

Stiffening

In order to reinforce the struts, you would need additional bracing at the bottom of them. During excavation work, the device will be under severe stress, so it will require reinforcement.

For this you will need a strip of metal half a millimeter thick. Racks are connected by welding. Angle of connection. 45 degrees. For extra bracing, the uprights must be welded together.

A blade or ruler

The self-made potato harrow should work just like its industrial counterpart. It should go into the ground just as easily. This is needed for digging the potato rows.

The simplest potato harvester for power tiller with my own hands

Even the most simple digger, made with our own hands, will facilitate the work of cleaning potatoes with a power tiller. The advantages of self-made are obvious:

  • will not require a substantial financial investment;
  • In the manufacture, the farmer will take into account the characteristics of the soil of his own plot and the power tiller, to which the equipment will be attached;
  • for maintenance and repair will not require the services of a professional workshop.

Passive arrow potato digger. the simplest hinged mechanism, made like a bayonet shovel from a bent sheet of iron and rods, welded a fan, to sift the earth.

simple, potato, harvester, power

Such an upgraded digger does not require a detailed drawing, and can cope with the collection of root crops on a plot with light soil. Even a novice home handyman can make it.

Drawings of a potato digger for a power tiller: dimensions, photos

Detailed drawings of fan-type potato harvester for power tiller photo and video of the device in operation.

As it is known, there are two types of potato diggers for power tillers, fan and vibrating, the most simple in the production fan digger, and its device we will consider.

Fan digger is an attachment, in this variant for the power tiller, this is how this device looks like.

The device for digging potatoes is a plough with a fan of rods, while moving the engine block, the plough plunges into the soil and lifts it on a grid of rods, and the rods loosen and sift the soil while the potato tubers are thrown out on top of the soil.

The video shows the principle of fan spudger.

To make a potato digger for power tillers, you can use the given drawings with dimensions and photos.

Self-made plough consists of several parts:

A variant of making a plough for digging potatoes.

The photo shows the system for adjusting the depth and angle of the plow. Holes in the bipod allow to regulate the plough’s depth in the soil.

In this video the author shows a potato planter made by himself.

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