Potato planter: how it makes farmers’ lives easier?
Work on the garden beds is always associated with considerable physical exertion. If you need to plant potatoes on three to five hundredths of a plot, there is usually no problem. Another thing, if we are talking about planting an area of 20 or 50 hundredths of an acre, plowing and cutting furrows is possible with a power tiller. But the soil dries quickly under the rays of the spring sun, so the use of a power tiller to cut furrows only partly solves the problem. Nowadays the real solution to the problem for most gardeners is to use a potato planter for a power tiller. Especially when you have a power tiller, making a potato planter is a matter of technique.
Potato planter for power tiller: drawings, dimensions, photos, video of production. the process of planting potatoes by hand is tedious, because after plowing the garden soil loses moisture quickly, and you need to plant tubers as soon as possible, if the area for planting is large, then the planting process may be delayed for several days.
With power tiller and potato planter the planting process will go much faster, because you can immediately put a planter and guide discs on a single-axle tractor for filling the harrow with soil.
If a single-axle tractor is powerful enough, it is possible to install a plough that will make a furrow for planting potatoes right in front of the planter.
On the Internet there are many options for potato planters, we will consider the best proven option with a simple design.
The design of the potato planter consists of a hopper for potato tubers, which is mounted on a steel profile frame. In turn, the frame is installed on an axle with a pair of metal wheels with grousers.
On the axle, welded sprocket, which activates the chain with bowls. As the bowl moves, the potatoes are lifted from the hopper and along the guide tube they are thrown into the furrow.
What you need for production
To make a motor block potato planter does not require any rare and expensive tools.
The simplest version of this device consists of six basic elements:
The machine can be improved by adding new parts to its design, for example, a tank for fertilizers or a couple of planting modules. However, as the number of parts increases, the single-axle tractor becomes heavier, and therefore it becomes more difficult to control it during work.
To independently make a potato planter for a motor-block is usually used a tank from an old washing machine. It acts as a hopper for potatoes. Also self-taught craftsmen use a metal angle, steel wire, chain, gear, rebar, a pair of wheels from old vehicles, a channel.
From the tools the simplest devices will be needed:
This is the minimum necessary to make a homemade machine. In fact, a self-made potato planter is a cart attached to a power tiller.
But only at first glance, the design seems uncomplicated: if you look closely, it can reveal many features.
Potato planter for your power tiller with your own hands
Planting potatoes is always a time-consuming process, especially if the garden is big and has more than one. Planting potatoes can be greatly simplified if you make your own hands potato planter, attached to a power tiller. Then even a huge plot will be planted quickly, saving time and effort.
For a homemade potato planter you will need a single-axle tractor with small power, and then you can safely attach the device, which will make the planting furrow, put the potatoes into the holes and fill them with earth.
Potato planter with their own hands. instructions for making
For the assembly of this machine will need a fairly simple parts that will be assembled planter. It’s necessary to buy usual sprockets (the number of teeth on gear is 32, both on driving and on driven) and a chain, which will connect them, all the rest should be found as a useful garbage at any owner.
There are no drawings of the potato planter, so look at the photo.
You can buy wheels, but it’s easier to use an old car 13″ in diameter, welded on the corners to increase the area, so the potato planter will not sag in the ground of its own weight.(see photo)
Disks for filling the soil are taken from the bottom of the freon bottle (such bottles are used while repairing refrigerators). Diameter of discs should be approximately 300 millimeters, but a little larger diameter is allowed.
The box (potato hopper) of our potato planter is made of metal. For it is suitable metal 3 mm thick, if the metal is thinner, will be lack of rigidity, then you can reinforce the angle around the perimeter.
The potato planter is equipped with two gears on drive axle and driven axle.
Bailers (potato gripper from the hopper) are made from thick wire 6 mm, bent into rings of 50 millimeters in diameter. We do it this way: a wire is carefully coiled on the pipe and then a couple of cuts are made to get a gap. The gaps should be smaller than the width of the chain, then there would be no problems with welding. Welding elements on equal distances to the chain. The distance between the hooks is 16cm. It is necessary to weld only by semi-automatic machine, that not to damage rollers and links on chain from overheats. Inside of the bailer weld a cross from the same wire, so it won’t take two of each and the small one won’t fall out. (see welded inside the bailers, see welded inside the chain, see welded inside the chain. photo potato planter)
We had to make up a second pair of wheels. After the first test (up to the wheels), all satisfied, but leaving the race, it continued to throw potatoes, because the hydraulic power tiller has that it would lift. It was difficult to make the withdrawal mechanism, it was uncomfortable to make it.
To prevent that the potato planter doesn’t eject potatoes on its way to the field it was decided to install the lever. The principle is this, this lever lifts back part, wheel rims do not roll on the ground and therefore does not drive the entire mechanism in motion. The lever will prevent from spontaneous throwing in of potatoes. To start landing, you just need to remove the manual stop and the device is ready to go. (see. photo).
If the potato planter device is assembled correctly, it will faithfully help in planting potato fields for many years. No skipped holes or shredded potatoes are to be avoided, as it has been proven in practice.
A few tips
Use a homemade device for planting potatoes is possible even if instead of a plywood or metal tank will be installed a tank from a washing machine. Capacity may not be big but it saves a lot of time and effort when making this part of the machine.
It’s also important to pay attention to the wheels. They must be wide
So, the device will not “trample” on loose soil. A planter, on the other hand, can be made from a simple pipe, the diameter of which is 10-25 cm. All the fixings should be calculated for the tractor brand (MTZ, Salyut, etc.).). Although most of these homemade devices, single-row or double-row, can be attached to any type of vehicle, but, developed device for a separate tractor is still better.
The single-row machine is easier to use. The machine makes 1 furrow in the ground, and with a certain pitch (which is set by the width of the blades), throws tubers. It is necessary to collect potatoes of the same size, so that neither in planter, nor in other details the planting material gets stuck. Another option is to install an additional place for an assistant, who will control the planting process. It can be made from a simple car seat by attaching it to the frame of the machine. If, on the other hand, you have a planter with two rows, you will need extra space.
Design and principle of operation of seed drills on a single axle tractor
The mandatory elements of any planter are:
- Capacities for storing planting material;
- Seeding mechanisms. are necessary for directing the seeds from the pre-storage into the seed pipeline;
- A device for seeding a future crop (a wheel).
Aggregation of seed drill and power tiller is carried out by hitch, which is usually supplied with it. Based on the pulling performance of the motoblock depends on the row of the planter itself.
The scheme of any seeder for a power tiller looks like this:
- the furrows for the seedbeds are created by the seed coulters
- Grain is dosed into the furrows from a storehouse. At the same stage, fertilizers can also spill with them;
- a special roller-wheel covers the furrows and rams the seedbed for better contact with soil and quicker sprouting. If the roller is missing, it can be adapted on its own.
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Such devices can be single- and double-row. The first type is suitable for a small plot. It has a small size and low output.
Double-row models are more productive
Some potato planters for power tillers allow for the planting of sprouted tubers. Others are focused exclusively on unseeded crops. Also, a number of models allow connection to a certain line of motorblocks. Others, if they have a universal hitch, can aggregate with different aggregates. Loading hopper can be rectangular or cone-shaped.
Depending on the type of tuber feeding such attachments are usually divided into units with:
- flat-belt system. The planting of tubers is carried out by horizontally placed belts;
- spoon system. For potato feeding, a design consisting of spoons attached to a belt is used;
- shaped belts that have a special indentation that resembles a spoon. The operator must be present during planting, but you do not have to worry about damaging the tubers;
- the blade mechanism. Such devices are relevant when planting cut potatoes;
- multitemporal design. Such mounted equipment allows two rows of potatoes to be planted at the same time.
The feeding mechanism can be different
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The technology of planting potatoes using a power tiller
Planting scheme depends to a large extent on the model of power tiller and the variety of potatoes itself. It is recommended to adhere to the following criteria:
It is important to make sure the furrows are straight and the distance between the rows is uniform. This makes it easier to do the following work on the plot, especially if you also use a single axle tractor in the future.
For easy traceability you can mark the plot with ropes stretched at the required distance, or use a home-made marker for marking.
Using a marker you can mark rows for planting potatoes
It is desirable that the soil before planting is a little wet. To work on dry and hard ground requires extra physical effort and leads to increased fuel consumption.
Choosing the right model
Many different trimmers are available on the market. they all work well for their intended purpose. However, when choosing a model, a number of factors must be taken into account:
- The area to be worked and the soil parameters;
- Power and weight of your machine
- The list of works performed on the power tiller;
- type of fuel used;
- Components and of coppers.
Remember, the larger the area to be worked, the more powerful the engine of the power tiller must be. A lightweight 3 litre tractor would work well for a country site. с.
For a country site, you can buy a lightweight single-axle tractor up to 5 liters. с
If the ground is dense and heavy, a lightweight unit will simply get stuck in it. I had a screwdriver and used it with two screwdrivers. The more power a power tool has, the heavier it is.
Depending on the power there are several varieties of power tillers:
- ultralight: their weight is small. about 20 kg, and the power is 3 liters. с.;
- Light. up to 40 kg and 3-5 l of power. с.;
- Medium ones weigh from 40 to 60 kg and have 5 litres of power. с.;
- Heavy ones weigh more than 60 kg, their power is more than 6 liters. с.
Heavy motor blocks are usually used in large farms, where a lot of work is expected.
Heavy motor blocks are used on large areas, in large farms
Depending on the type of fuel used, power tillers can be:
The latter are considered more economical. But as a rule, units with diesel engines have little power.
Attachments are purchased together with the power block or if a certain job needs to be done. Power take-off shaft (PTO) power tillers can be supplemented:
- potato planters;
- potato diggers, which is a type of plow;
- disc or finger harrows;
- Cultivation cutters;
- conventional or reversible plows;
- adapters that turn a single-axle tractor into a mini-tractor;
- rotary brushes, which allow you to use a single-axle tractor for snow removal.
Thus, the range of models of power tillers is quite wide. It all depends on your needs and capabilities.
single-axle tractor. irreplaceable helper when planting, ploughing and harvesting potatoes. This unit allows you to perform a variety of works in the shortest possible time. Choosing a power tiller model for your area, it is important to pay attention not only to its price, but also to its power, type of fuel used, the possibility of optional equipment. Various attachments greatly expand the scope of this unit and really make it an indispensable helper in the household.
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