How to use the tile cutter properly?

As noted, people often use a homemade tile cutter to work with tiles, but before you can use it, you need to make it. As practice shows, it is not as difficult as it may seem at first.

Let’s consider what materials you need to take in order to make with your own hands a cutter for cutting ceramic tiles:

  • Metal sheet is used to create the base of the tile cutter. The desirable thickness of such a sheet varies from 4 to 50 mm.
  • Angle grinder most often acts as a cutting roller for cutting ceramic tiles.
  • The diameter of the clamps must be at least 0.8 mm and no more than 10 mm. This is a prerequisite.
  • Nuts.
  • Counter nuts.

All materials for making a tile cutter are sold in a construction store

With the help of this unpretentious kit, you can assemble your own tile cutter at home. you get an electric tool that is water-cooled. Water in this case is necessary in order to cool the disk of the angle grinder, which is always heated when working on cutting ceramic tiles. This type of cooling can be found in large saws used for sawing stones, for example, jade. In order to do everything correctly, you need drawings of the tool with a description of each part and, preferably, with a detailed algorithm of the work itself.

Types of tile cutters and their design features

There are two types of tile cutters: mechanical and electric. The first is a manual device, the second can be both manual and stationary in the form of a small machine. They also have an essential difference: the cutting tool. In the first one, its function is performed by a hard-alloy wheel, which has a diamond dusting on its edges. Therefore, the manual mechanical tile cutter in its characteristics resembles a glass cutter. The electric model has a disk, the cutting tool function, the edges of which are also finished with a diamond layer.

The first in terms of price is a cheap device, the second is expensive, so it is usually used by professionals who perform a large amount of tile work. It should be added that the operating life of the disk is several times greater than that of the wheel. But as the hand-held tile cutter is not used as often as the electric one, it will last long enough. In both models, the cutting tools can be easily replaced with new ones, which implies a long operation of the devices themselves.

Now to the question of how to use the tile cutter. It is necessary to consider both options, so that the nuances of the operations were clear, because in both cases they differ from each other.

Tips for using the tool

The angle grinder tile cutter is an easy tool to operate, but, as in the case with any electric equipment, when working with it, you should observe the following safety rules.

  • Cut tiles away from yourself, but do not apply too much pressure.
  • It is recommended to start cutting from the outside of the tile.
  • If you need to cut a tile, it is better to fix it with special tongs. This will allow you to do the work more qualitatively.
  • It is strictly forbidden to work with the tool in a drunken state or after taking antihistamines, because it can cause injury.
  • If you have never worked with such equipment before, then before you start cutting tiles it is recommended to practice a little, so as not to spoil it inadvertently.
  • To make the line for the trimmer cutting was perfectly flat, you need to draw a straight line on the tile for the trimmer with a simple pencil.
  • It is necessary to wear safety glasses to prevent dust or small chips from getting into the eyes.
tile, cutter, large, tiles, their, hands

If you live with small children, you need to store the power tool in a room where they do not have access.

Making a tool with an electric drive

First of all, you need to determine how the angle grinder will be positioned when cutting tiles.

angle grinder

Option 1

Tile on a slat is fed under the angle grinder, which is strictly fixed under the table.

  • this technical solution is the easiest, because it involves the reliable fixation of the cutting disc from below the table top and the installation of a guide rail (HP) with the possibility of adjusting it;
  • you can put a bucket of water under the table, which will slightly trap dust and cool the disc.
  • A lot of dust, as this tile cutter cuts ceramics across the entire thickness and cannot make a small cut;
  • inconvenient adjustment of the angle grinder because of its location under the table top.

Option 2

The clamped tile is cut with a grinder, which is fixed on top of the worktop, on straight rails.

tile, cutter, large, tiles, their, hands
  • less dust is generated because you can simply cut the ceramic and not have to cut through it;
  • accessible regulation of the tool.
  • It is very difficult to make such a tile cutter without certain skills;
  • It is necessary to additionally manually work the surface of the notch of the tile, so that it is divided into parts.

If you compare these two tools, the first will be easier to make in the conditions of the home. Therefore, next we describe how to make it.

Making algorithm

If you have all the necessary materials at hand, then to do everything yourself will be quite simple. For fixing, it is better to use a workbench with a large working surface. If there is none at hand, it can be welded from metal. As a base are excellent two metal sheets, between which will be a groove.

If you have not done this kind of work before, it is better to make drawings in advance. This will allow you to perform the work quickly and more qualitatively.

The manufacture of the tool takes place in the following sequence.

  • On the workbench is fixed a special mount, which will hold the tool.
  • Metal plates are installed on the work surface, leaving 1 cm between them.
  • You can install a movable limiter on the side of the work surface. With its help you will move the tile on the work surface, and it will not let it move sideways when sawing.
  • Lastly, an angle grinder is installed, which is fixed with a clamping device and clamps.

To make it more convenient to work with the tool, the angle grinder can be mounted on a movable bracket. But this will be very difficult to implement because of too complex construction, especially if you have no experience in such work.

There is another way of making, in which the angle grinder is mounted under the table, it is more simple to implement, but the convenience of operating the equipment at the same time is saved. To make such a tool, you need a table with a large work surface, in the middle of which a hole is cut out. Its size should be enough to allow the disc to rotate freely. Next, the angle grinder is fastened with bolts. On the sides of it are fixed two rails, on which the tiles will move in the process of cutting.

The following video clearly demonstrates the process of making a tile cutting tool at home with a lower fixture. Be sure to look at it, and you will succeed:

What tools you can work with

To assemble a homemade tile cutter is possible, but it is not always required, because the process of its assembly will take you quite a lot of time and will also require a certain tool. For example, to make a strong base, you will not do without a welder, which already imposes certain difficulties.

Working with tiles made of ceramic, it is necessary to understand that it is impossible to avoid cutting them

So to begin with, we will tell you what you can work with when laying tiles, without expensive equipment, and what you still can’t do without.

    One of the simplest devices is a classic glass cutter. Only works on thin ceramic wall tiles. As an option, it can be used, but there is a more interesting and convenient solution for the same money.

The glass cutter can be used to cut tiles

Types of handheld glass cutters

Glass cutter for cutting tiles

Metal nail file with pobedite tip

Tile tongs for breaking tiles

Diagram for cutting tiles with a glass cutter, match, and pliers

Even if you can assemble a homemade tile cutter, laying tile without an abrasive power cutter is next to impossible.

  • First, L-shaped notches must be made in corners when cutting through windows and doors.
  • Secondly, today in bathrooms put outlets, hoods and other equipment, under which you need to make holes in the tiles. You can do them with an angle grinder or use an electric drill with ceramic bits.
  • Thirdly, the floor today is mostly laid ceramic granite, and to cut it with a manual tile cutter, even a professional one, is very difficult.

When laying tiles you can’t do without the electric cutter

Mounting the angle grinder

There are various ways of attaching the Grinder to the underside of the table top. Make sure that the attachment is rigid and strong. This is important, because otherwise, when cutting tiles, the Grinder can jam in the slots of the countertop. Also consider the possibility when mounting the saw:

To prevent the bolt from unscrewing, a Grover spring washer is put under its head.

Grover washer

Also to this connection, the tile cutter is fixed to the table top with clamps made of strip steel, made according to the drawing of the table. For the gasket between the “body” of the saw and the table are used bars of wood. In them, grooves should be made according to the shape of the angle grinder.

Types of tile cutters

To date, there are several variants of machines on the market that are designed for tile trimming. Conventionally, they can be divided into two groups: mechanical and electric. The first are used in the case when it is not a matter of industrial scale work.

Let’s say, for repairs in your apartment, it is enough to arm yourself with a mechanical tool. But if repair is a professional activity, it is better to buy a good electric tool once.

tile, cutter, large, tiles, their, hands

When using a mechanical tool, a power source is not necessary. All the work is done by a man, driving a simple mechanism. Such machines are not recommended for use if the thickness of the tiles is more than 1.5 cm. There are models designed to work with ceramic tiles, the length of which does not exceed 40 cm.

As a rule, such a tool without problems copes with wall tiles, the width of which is on average 8 mm. But the cuts are far from perfect. There are multifunctional machines that not only cut tiles into pieces, but also cut round holes.

Mechanical tile cutters, in turn, are divided into desktop and handheld. Desktop machines are designed for making straight cuts. They can be fixed on a table and used as a stationary tool. The low weight of the equipment allows it to be used as a portable machine. Using a handheld tile cutter you can make curved notches.

It is advisable to use electric machines if you need to work with thick tiles, or the work is not limited to cutting 10-20 tiles. Electric tile cutters have a fairly large weight, which complicates their transportation.

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When selecting electric equipment, it is worth paying attention to the presence of a water tank. If such is not available, then there will be a lot of dust during the cutting of ceramic tiles. Having a container of water partially solves this problem. In addition, such a tool will last longer.

Tile cutters have different pricing policy. This is a tool that you should not save on. Cheap machines will not be durable. And the cut, made on such machines, does not look very aesthetically. If you do not want to give a tidy sum, you can make a tile cutter with their own hands. And you can make both a mechanical machine, and an electric one.

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