Stand for a drill with their own hands: 3 design options
We tell you how to make a budget drill stand at home. Here are 3 different variants.
This device will come in handy for home craftsmen who can not afford to buy a drilling machine.
At the same time, in some cases, the stand wins due to its compactness and mobility.
If you make a stand of small dimensions, which does not require installation on the desktop, it can be easily transported by car (to take with you on field work).
Unlike the same drill press, it will allow you to drill holes both vertically and horizontally (for example, if you need to drill a hole in the wall).
To make a stand for a drill with our own hands, we will use inexpensive and affordable materials. And the stand can be used not only for a drill, but also for an electric screwdriver.
The purpose of the homemade stand is the same as that of a drilling machine. vertical drilling holes at an angle of 90 degrees relative to the workpiece.
With an electric drill or an electric screwdriver is not always possible to drill perfectly flat holes. Self-made rack (even the simplest design) can easily solve this problem.
Of course, you can buy a drill stand at a hardware store or order one over the internet. But if your goal is to save money, it will be more profitable to make it with your own hands.
Types of vices
All vice types work on the same principle. On a sturdy frame, on one edge of it a thrust jaw is rigidly fixed, and on the other edge of the frame a nut is installed, in which the thrust screw rotates. This screw moves the movable jaw as it rotates, and it presses the part against the fixed jaw.
Benchtop vice and machine vise differ only in how they are installed on the workbench. Bench vice body is bolted to the table, and heads of clamping bolts of machine vices can easily slide into special grooves of the machine table.
If necessary and with a certain fitter’s skill it is possible to produce the vice by your own hands. Welding skills and availability of materials should be added.
Begin with a clear formulation of the technical task. what is the purpose of the bench vice and its size. Estimate your material and old workpieces stock. Only steel is good for the vice.
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Then a working sketch of the overall view is made. After the necessary corrections are made, a scaled or true to scale drawing of the overall view is made in three projections. The next step of the construction is detailing, making drawings of all the parts. In doing so, the DIYer tries to make the most of his available semi-finished parts from other jobs.
Body. the base of the vice can be welded or from angles, or from scrap pipe square profile. The movable jaw moves along the base towards the stationary one, either between the two outer shells of the vice frame, or along special guides passing through the outer holes of the movable jaw. As such guides craftsmen use polished rods of appropriate length and diameter of 16.18 mm.
Thrust screw, which moves the sliding jaw, can also be found in some old mechanism. Diameter should be 14. 16 mm, the threads are stopper. The length should provide the desired total solution of the vise. At one end of the screw is provided with a clutch with a movable jaw, at the other end is installed a handle for its rotation.
The moving mechanism nut is matched to the screw. It is firmly and carefully welded to the bed.
One of the main tools of any workshop is a vise. At first glance it is quite a simple tool, but in fact, with the help of a vice you can perform quite a large number of operations. There are many varieties: carpentry, bench vice, chair vice, cross vice. It so happens that the vise can fall into disrepair. In this case, you can make a vice with your own hands.
How does the tooling work
Self-made vise performs the intended function as follows:
- The free end of the stud with a screw on the end is unscrewed, making it possible to move the movable jaw away from the stationary one.
- The workpiece is placed between the jaws, with the markings made in advance to drill the hole.
- The stud is screwed in until the workpiece is securely clamped.
Now the workpiece is installed on the work platform, and the drilling machine is ready to start and perform tasks.
The design of a manual locksmith’s vice is shown in fig. The shaped nut of the screw is fixed in the bed tunnel; the shank of the clamp, called the slide, is inserted into the tunnel. Sections of the tunnel and the slide are also shaped (complex configuration) and correspond to each other.
As already said, the turning of the vice in a horizontal plane must be abandoned: on the base plate it is necessary to mill the neck and on the bed of the bed. the skirt. This need not be very precise, but does require special equipment, see the machine tool manual locksmith’s toolbox. above.
The second problem is the jaw jaws. The jaws need to be very stiff so they don’t give in to the reaction of the part being clamped, and at the same time ductile so they don’t break. Therefore the cheapest material of good vise jaws together with the clamp and bed is structural cast iron, but it is badly processed, and the clamp with the bed are made by casting. You can not set the cupola or electric furnace at home at 1700-1800 degrees, so forget about casting ferrous metals.
But cast iron is also very hard, rather fragile and therefore the jaws without jaws can either spoil the workpiece or crumble against it themselves. Jaws of hard, wear-resistant and at the same time very resilient special steel solve the problem. It could also be used to make the entire vise, but the price of the vise then Have you ever come across a table vise at the price of 450 for 1 mm wide jaws too? These are the all-steel ones, and we have to think how to make the base and the vise pressure, suitable at least for occasional use, from common structural steel.
Clamping the screw of the vise in the slide
But what appears to be insurmountable is the problem with the clucking vise pair. Nothing seems to be difficult: a screw with a nut or a threaded hole in the base. There is a groove in the neck of the screw; it seems to be possible to pick it out with a nail file, by clamping the screw, wrapped by the thread with thin aluminum, into the chuck of a drilling machine or a drill fixed on the table. In the clamp (or in the slide of prefabricated vice-like devices) the screw is fixed by the forked gripper, see drawing. fig. right.
The thing is, all these parts have to take on tremendous working loads. If the screwdriver is pressed with a force of approx. 20 kgf (nothing for a grown-up normal man), then the screw neck thread and mating parts will have to be over 120-130 kgf/sq. mm. To avoid wear and tear very quickly, the screw, nut and fork jaw need to be made of steel with a yield strength of over 150 kgf/sq. mm; for ordinary structural it is less than 100. and a normal metric triangular thread will quickly become snagged or stick together.
The drawings of a lead screw for a bench vice with jaw width up to 180 mm are at Fig.:
Drawings of the screw of a locksmith’s vise
One critical point is bypassed here: instead of a bore in the neck there are a pair of bushings made of common steel. In this case the forked gripper can also be made from it. Parts of the screw retainer need to be replaced from time to time, but that’s all right. And here’s how to cut a trapezoidal thread D20? Looking for a running pair from an old vise? So it is 99.0% likely that the “stroke” in them is worn, and the cast iron bed, clamp and plate are still quite usable.
It’s not all bad
The stroke screw and the nut to it for the occasionally used vice with jaw width up to 150 mm can be found at almost any hardware, tool or construction store or at the iron market. New, didn’t see a fly. How? From the fasteners designed for a load of at least 450-460 kgf. These units are very critical and steel for them goes just right, even better. a running pair of vise, which is not worked on intensively, will be quite durable and with a regular metric thread.
The cheaper part is the anchor-ring for suspending from ceilings and walls heavy chandeliers or multifunctional simulators, above in fig. below. Just make sure that the screw is either cast or that the joint between the ring and the neck is welded (shown with a red arrow). Anchor rings are available up to M22 in lengths up to 450 mm. make the vise whatever you want. The M12x150 anchor-ring has a load of 480 kgf, and the M16x220 is suitable for a 150mm vise with extra load.
Fixing knots, from which you can make a running pair of homemade vise
The second version of the “class did not sit a fly” will cost more, but probably at the price of scrap metal. if broken. This is the hook-and-ring turnbuckle, shown below in Fig. In the case goes, of course, the ring part (shown with a green arrow). The advantage is that you immediately have an excellent, hard-wearing nut. The disadvantage is the shorter screw length and therefore the higher screw length of the rivet., stroke of the vise jaws: the screws of the turnbuckle for 200 have a threaded length of just over 100 mm.
Note: some disadvantages of both. it takes a long time to turn the jaws of the vice each time.к. standard metric thread pitch approx. three times less than the special trapezoidal. With the running gear will need to be periodically lubricated with Tavot or others. with grease. a “dry” vise with this running gear is tight, but does not clamp well.
How are arranged well known to readers of Runet Locksmith vise, shown in Fig. below. There is one mistake though. you also need M16 locking nuts. The back one is screwed on first along the screw travel and welded to the stud. A rod with a back washer on it is then inserted into the clamp, which in this case is also the ram (“moving part” in Fig.); the front washer is put on, the front nut M16 is screwed on and welded under, and an eye for the yoke is welded; this is the nut M18. Stand (“moving part”). a square profil-tube 120x120x4; the ramp. also a square profil-tube 100x100x3.
Basic elements of the vise for the home workshop
The vise consists of several parts. The main elements are jaws. movable and stationary, between which the workpiece to be treated is clamped. The fixed jaw is made as one piece with the base. A nut is mounted in the moving jaw and the powerful drive screw is threaded through it. A handle is fitted at one end of the screw, by which it is rotated; the other end rotates freely in the fixed jaw. When rotated by the handle, the movable jaw moves to the side of the fixed jaw.
The base can be made of two parts. The lower one is tightly fixed to the work table (workbench), the upper one houses the entire vise mechanism. Some models can be rotated around the vertical axis.
Clamp design and fixing type: price and quality
Locksmith machine can be designed for mounting on a workbench or table. Special bolts are used for this purpose. In this case, you get an all-metal vice design. The photos show this clearly.
Locksmith vise designed for stationary mounting on a workbench or table with a special bolt
It is also possible to choose the stationary or rotary type, which makes it possible to work parts with the variant to change the angle. In this case, the width of the jaws will range from 45 to 200 mm with the possibility of jaw deflection of 140 mm. The advantages of such equipment are the wear resistance of the jaws, as well as the strength of the anvil, the lightness and smallness of the product. If it is a rotary model, it should be noted that it can be rotated 360 degrees. We should not forget about some disadvantages:
- during operation the jaws require constant alignment;
- washers on the vise are distinguished by the presence of lock washers, which quickly wear out;
- it is difficult to clamp long workpieces;
- the device has a backlash.
Locksmith jaws are divided into parallel jaws and table jaws. In the first version, the jaw is displaced by the rotation of the vise screw, which is parallel to the stationary base.
The machine vises provide a strong fixation, which is very important when machining metal parts
Homemade vise: machine-type construction and manual model
The bench vice is a more accurate version of the device for workpiece clamping. It either has no backlash at all or has the smallest possible span. The vise is simply installed on the workbench. They differ in that they have a pivoting mechanism.
The machine tool version has its own subspecies:
- stationary (with fixation perpendicular to the position of the vise);
- Sine, where the workpiece is mounted at an angle;
- Multiaxial, on which the workpiece can be rotated in different directions along an axis.
Machine-type vise provide a strong fixation, which is extremely important in the processing of metal parts. They have a robust case and are coated with an anti-corrosion layer. The rigidity of the jaw ensures work with high precision. At the same time, if the clamp of the workpiece will have curvature, then it will leave traces. To this end, you will need a gasket made of foil, or it is necessary to fix the part using only the upper part of the jaws.
Useful tip! Compared to other types of equipment, the carpenter’s vise, allows a better quality of processing parts from soft materials, and with large products can work in a single plane.
Industrial vises are expensive, so it is better to make them yourself
The manual model is a portable vise of compact shape that does not require stationary fixation on the base. They are designed for processing small workpieces and come in two types (based on design features):
Such vise is used for precision work, because it has minimal backlash. The tool is designed for working with aluminum and tile profiles, and it can also be used for clamping flat workpieces. Therefore, if you intend to process miniature parts, it is sufficient to purchase or make a hand vise with their own hands at home.
The drill press vice: an essential piece of equipment
The vise mounted in the drilling machine is not an additional part, but a necessary accessory of the installation. They can be used to clamp the workpiece immovably in the machine tool chuck and permit maximum precision and even repetitive drilling operations.
Drilling bench vise is an essential tool
When buying a clamp for a drilling machine, you must pay attention to the size of the jaws. Their width can range from 60-150 mm. Their depth and maximal difference is also important. The jaws of some models are fitted with prismatic jaws that hold workpieces and round workpieces.
A subspecies of the drilling machine vise is a tool with an additional step that allows you to fix a small-sized part so that a significant part is above the surface of the jaws of the drilling machine vise.
Machine for sharpening drills and other tools: rules for selection and use
Basic types, design, accessories. Machines for knives, disks, band saws. Homemade and factory variants.
The main parameter is the distance between the slots, which determines the possibility of mounting certain vices on a drilling machine. You can meet models that have small ears instead of long grooves. You should pay special attention to such drilling vise.
The modern market offers a wide range of equipment of this type. It is best to give preference to a model with a three-sided installation. Such a vise can be easily installed not only on the facet of the lower level, but also on the other two. This feature makes them more flexible in their work. You can buy a ready-made design, and it is quite affordable to make a vise for a drilling machine with your own hands.
When all preliminary work is done and parts are prepared, you can begin directly to mount the vise. Secure the rocker arm extending from the back of the frame with nuts, prethreaded beforehand. The nut must also be screwed onto the screw. To ensure its fixation, an appropriate groove is made on the surface of the bed, according to the size of the nut.
Mounting the carpenter’s vise
After assembling the stationary bed, the screw and the rocker arm, the sliding jaw is set. On the edge of the threaded screw, extending beyond the front surface of the sliding jaw, with a washer, a nut and a lock nut are screwed on, to ensure fastening.
After all the elements are secured, the screwdriver is installed.
The carpenter’s vise is ready for use. When turning the yoke, the screw goes into the nut on the stationary ring and tightens the sliding jaw.
It’s easy enough to make a wooden vice on your own. They can also be made according to the dimensions of the parts to be worked on. The position of the rocker arms, the length of the propeller depend on it. It is possible to lengthen the jaws and make two clamping screws to clamp longer parts. Here, everyone has to size up for themselves, depending on what kind of work the vice will be used for.