Single Axle Tractor Oil

Stable operation of a power tiller’s moving mechanisms is ensured by applying lubricant produced in the form of oils with different density, properties and additives. Oils are consumables that must be replaced at intervals clearly defined by the manufacturer. Lubricants directly affect the protection of motor-block parts from heat, corrosion and increased wear, so the choice of technical fluids should be taken with the utmost care.

Before pouring new oil into a single axle tractor yourself. the owner of agricultural machinery should know how much fluid is already in the engine. it is quite possible that you do not have to replace the existing lubricant completely at this point and can simply refill it with the missing amount of mineral oil.

To independently check the level of the contents in the oil tank, you need:

  • Unscrew the plug of the oil filling hole in the sump of the power tiller;
  • Insert an oil dipstick through the manufacturer’s provided hole in the factory engine crankcase, pull it out, and check the oil level;
  • On the built-in dipstick there are special marks, as a rule, they are represented by the markings “MIN” and “MAX”. After removing the dipstick it is necessary to see where the oil spot is located. It must be in the middle between these marks. If the fluid level is below the “MIN” mark, you will need to refill the lubricant;
  • If there are no factory marks on the dipstick being used, the operator will have to orient himself by the length of the fixture. After measuring the volume of the fluid, its volume should reach the middle of the dipstick;
  • In some cases the operator may not have a dipstick. In this case you can check the amount of grease visually. For this you need to look through the filler neck. if the fluid level comes almost to the neck, it means that the owner does not need to refill the engine oil for the tractor.

After checking the level of the available lubricant yourself, close the cap of the standard filler neck as tightly as possible and make sure that the liquid does not leak out.

Classification of oils

In order to increase the service life of a gasoline or diesel engine you need to make the right choice of engine oil. Its untimely replacement reduces the service life of the engine. How to choose it, in what quantity, and how to pour it into a singleaxle tractor. let’s talk about this in detail.

Each mini-tractor or power tiller comes with instructions and a product passport. In the manual, the manufacturer lists suitable types of fuel and lubricants that can prolong the life of equipment. The oil in the engine performs a function:

Air-cooled lubricants deposit on the walls of hot cylinders. These deposits contaminate engine parts and make lubrication processes more difficult. Therefore the lubricant contains antioxidant additives. They clean the cylinder walls from deposits and prolong the service life of the power tiller. Different climate zones require different lubricating oils. They differ in viscosity, composition and purpose.


Viscosity is defined according to SAE J300. For machinery, it depends on the following characteristics:

There are two types of engine oils: winter and summer. Winter oils are marked with the letter W. Low-friction winter grades are often specified as SAE 0W, 25W and in between 20W, 5W, 15W and 10W. Compounds for summer use have no letters in the name. They are marked with a high viscosity and are denoted SAE 20, 60, SAE 30 or 40. Using summer grades in winter causes problems with starting the unit. Winter grades are not capable of quality lubrication in the summertime.

Scientists have developed all-season formulas that can be used for single-axle tractors in summer and winter. Their designations are 5W-40, 10W30.

By Composition

In addition to seasonal characteristics, lubricants are divided into types according to their composition:

Air-cooled engine heats up quickly when running. Engine oil lowers its temperature. The wrong grade causes engine damage. Synthetic oil mixed with mineral oil is not recommended.

By Assignment

When it becomes necessary to change the lubricants, each manufacturing company recommends pouring a different brand. All-season 10W-30 brands of SF category are used for Honda agricultural vehicles. Subaru specifies 10W-30 for moderate climates, 5W-30 for cold regions. The oil quality category is SE.

For Lifan products require summer grades SAE-30, for winter conditions. SAE 10W-30. No quality category conditions. Kaluga engine is filled with 10W-30 or 15W-30 all-season composition of SF or SH quality.

What oil to fill in the engine of a power tiller?

Manufacturers of motor blocks and mini-tractors prescribe the use of motor oils for both gasoline products and diesels. Motors are tested at the factory. Lubricants recommended in the instructions are used at this time.

For gasoline engines

The following types of liquids are recommended for gasoline-powered motoblocs to pour into oil reservoirs:

  • SA. for work with low loads;
  • SB. for work with medium mechanical load;
  • SC. used in engines without PCV valves;
  • SD. used in engines with PCV;
  • SE. a lubricant for use in motors manufactured since 1980;
  • SF. a higher-quality analogue of the previous oil;
  • SH. used in many engine systems.
fill, single, axle, tractor, gearbox

Category SB has good anti-corrosion properties. Product quality lubricates cylinder walls and bearings. SF reduces oil residue in 4-stroke and 2-stroke engines.

For diesel engines

Recommended engine oil helps the owner extend the life of the machine and reduces the diesel consumption for the diesel power tiller. The instructions for a power block with a diesel engine specify the following categories of lubricants:

  • SA. for low loads;
  • CB. for use with high sulfur fuels;
  • SS. for non-turbocharged engine operating at higher loads.

Category CA oil reduces carbon deposits in the cylinders, but reduces the quality of lubrication. Any lubricant can be filled in at the required volume. Its decrease or increase leads to the engine seizure.

What oil to fill in your power tiller engine?

To keep a single axle tractor working reliably for a long time, it has to be serviced and maintained properly. Oil is the key to keeping your engine running. What oil to fill in the engine of tractor blocks let’s try to understand on this page of the site.

The engine manufacturer’s recommendation for your power tiller is the best recommendation for your oil. Therefore, let us review the manuals of major engine manufacturers for power tillers and cite excerpts from the manuals.

The choice of engine oil, as well as any other type of oil depends on two main parameters. the operating category and viscosity grade.

API Grades by Performance Category (American Petroleum Institute). Read more here

SAE (Society of Automotive Engineers) classification. Read more here

Winter. with the letter W (Winter). The oils meeting these categories are low-viscosity and used in winter. SAE 0W, 5W, 10W, 15W, 20W, 25W

Summer. no letter symbol. Oils meeting these categories are high viscosity and used in summer. SAE 20, 30, 40, 50, 60.

fill, single, axle, tractor, gearbox

Multigrade. currently the most widespread oils are multigrade oils that can be used for both winter and summer conditions.

These oils are designated with a combination of the winter and summer grades: 5W-30, 10W-40

Use a lower SAE number (less viscous) in winter and a higher SAE number (more viscous) in summer.

Multi viscosity grades offer comprehensive stability under the conditions of seasonal and temperature changes. For example, SAE 10W-30 is suitable for use as an all-season oil. At low temperatures it is equal in viscosity to SAE 10W oil, and in operation has the same lubricating properties as SAE 30.

Engine oil for power tillers, recommended by engine makers.

Engine brand of your power tiller Manufacturer’s Recommended Engine Oil
summer winter operating class
Robin Subaru (Subaru) SAE 10W-30. in moderate climates SAE 5W-30. in cold regions Automotive engine oil; grade SE or higher (SG,SH or SJ recommended)
Honda SAE 10W-30 oil is recommended at all temperatures. If you want to use seasonal oil choose oil with appropriate viscosity grade based on average temperature in your area SG, SF.
Lifan SAE-30 SAE 10W-30. multigrade
Briggs Stratton Briggs Stratton recommends using synthetic oil when operating in temperatures below 0°C. If you do not have synthetic oil, you can use Briggs Stratton non-synthetic oil 10W-30 part number 998208 Note: Synthetic oil that meets ILSAC GF-2, API certification mark and API service symbol with “SJ/CF ENERGY CONSERVING” or higher can be used at all temperatures. Change the synthetic oil according to the usual schedule.Air-cooled engines get hotter than vehicle engines.Use of non-synthetic thickened oil (5W-30, 10W-30, etc.).д.) at temperatures above 4°C will result in high oil consumption. In case of use of such oil check oil level more often. SF, SG, SH, SJ or higher
DM-1-01 (JSC Kaluga Engine) M63/12G1 or M53/10G1 GOST 10541-78, oil that meets the requirements of API: SF; SG; SH and SAE: 10W30; 15W30
DM-1K Red October Instructions M10GI, M12GI TU 38.10148-85 M63/12G1 or M53/10G1 GOST 10541-78,
Cascade MB-6 Motor oil M-5z/10G1, M-6z/12G1 GOST 10541-78 (It is allowed to use engine oils for carburetor engines according to SAE classification in accordance with the recommendations for usage at different ambient temperatures). Mineral and synthetic oils may not be mixed. )

Engines of these brands are installed practically on all currently produced power tillers, such as Neva, MTZ, Salut, Kaskad, OKA, Ugra, Celina, Tarpan, Agat, Favorit, MKM and many others.

Engines of such well-known companies are tested and tested with the specified oils, so the result of operation in accordance with the manufacturers’ recommendations will be the best. Using an engine oil of the specified grade and viscosity significantly prolongs engine life and improves performance. Using too little or too much oil can cause serious problems, including engine seizure.

Manufacturers recommend not using oil with additives and for 2-stroke engines, because it does not contain enough lubricant, which reduces the life of the engine.

In gasoline engines of wide application, only motor oils of classes SE, SF, SG should be used.

Engine oil categories for gasoline engines

SA For use under low mechanical stress conditions where additives are not required
SB For use in the medium mechanical stress range. Low oxidation, stable lubricating properties, protects the engine from wear and prevents corrosion of the bearings.
SC For use in gasoline engines produced between 1964 and 1967.г. and not equipped with PCV. Minimises deposit formation over wide temperature range, as well as engine wear and corrosion.
SD For use in gasoline engines produced between 1968 and 1971.г., equipped with PCV system. Compared to category SC, better reduction of deposit formation over wide temperature range, engine wear and corrosion.
SE For use in gasoline engines produced after 1972. Compared to SD grade, better at preventing deposit formation over wide temperature range, reduces engine wear and corrosion.
SF For use in gasoline engines manufactured after 1980. Compared with the SE category, it is better at preventing deposit formation over a wide temperature range, reduces wear and engine corrosion.
SG Introduced in 1988. Characteristics comparable to SF grade oils, but with additional quality improvements.
SH The highest motor oil category introduced in 1992.

Checking and changing the oil in the motoblock gearbox. how to change it?

The gearbox is an important element of a motor block whose function is to transmit torque from the motor to the wheels of the machine by means of a V-belt transmission. Gearbox parts are subject to heavy wear, and therefore require regular lubrication. Do not forget that not all lubricants available on the market are suitable for this application.

Gearbox oil is best suited for lubrication. This formulation is extremely suitable for the lubrication of moving parts. The second important question is how much lubricant to put in the gearbox. To find out, a number of specific steps will need to be taken:

  • Carefully position the single axle tractor so that its wings are parallel to the surface;
  • Take a wire, at least 70 cm long, and bend one of its sides into an arc;
  • Slide the wire through the filler hole as far as it will go, then pull it back out.

Next, look at the wire. If it has a wet side of 30 cm, then you don’t need to fill up the gearbox with oil. If the lubricant level is lower, then you will need to refill as much oil as is required to reach the 30 cm mark on the wire. Fill the lubricant into the gearbox in the following order:

  • Place the single axle tractor on the stands;
  • Underneath the tiller, on the bottom of the gearbox, look for the drain plug. Put a wide container under it and start unscrewing the lid slowly;
  • Wait 10 minutes, during which time all the oil will run out;
  • Screw the drain cap all the way in, unscrew the filler cap and put a funnel in it;
  • Pour about 2 liters of transmission oil into the gearbox;
  • Check the oil level with a wire. if there is less than 30 cm of wire in the oil, pour some more material in.

In most cases you should change the lubricant in the gearbox of your power tiller at least once in 100 hours of machine operation. The interval for changing oil may vary depending on the recommendations of the servicing machine manufacturer. If you use your power tool for more than 4 hours a day, you only need to change the oil once in 50 hours.

Do I need to add oil to gasoline for my power tiller??

Fuel for a power tiller can be clean, or you may have to prepare a fuel mixture. It depends on the type of engine. For two-stroke engines, gasoline for a power tiller must be diluted with oil. At that one should accurately observe the proportions recommended by manufacturers (often it looks like 1 part of oil to 4 parts of gasoline). But four-stroke engines don’t need this mix and fill it with pure gasoline.

fill, single, axle, tractor, gearbox

It is also important to note that diesel-powered motor blocks do not need such mixes in any case (all diesel engines are 4-stroke). Otherwise you might end up with a serious machine breakdown.

Is it possible to fill a single axle tractor with car engine oil??

It is not worth the risk to fill a single axle tractor with automobile oils, because automobile and tractor engines have different principles of lubrication and temperature conditions. Also engines of power tillers have other peculiar qualities (design, material of which it is made, degree of forcing, etc.). д.), which may be incompatible with the characteristics of automotive oils.

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How to change the seals on your power tiller?

If there is an oil leak, the packing must be replaced. The algorithm for replacing this element is as follows:

  • Cutters are removed from the shaft and all contaminants and oil residue are completely cleaned;
  • Unscrew the bolts on the cover, which protects the gearbox. The tightly seated cap is tapped with a hammer;
  • The worn oil seal is pulled out and the place under it is carefully wiped;
  • The new stuffing box is sealed around the edges with a sealant. The part is installed and the cover is screwed on.

Disassembly and replacement of the oil seal takes minimal time. So before you use your power tiller, make sure the sealant you use is completely dry.

Above recommendations and algorithms are suitable for the following brands: Neva MB-1 and MB-2, Kaskad, Farmer, Oka. That’s why you can do simple things like changing oil and oil seals by yourself.

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